central america independence day

Following the Mexican declaration of war in 1810, protracted fighting erupts cross the country until Independence is won in 1821. War leaves Mexico in a. The release of the cigar will be celebrated with a virtual Central American Independence Day party, during which everyone who has purchased. Although Independence Day is on September 15, celebrations commence before this distance through Central America from Guatemala reaching Costa Rica.

Central america independence day -

Five Central American countries — Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua — dissolved their ties to Spain and gained their independence on Sept. 15, 1821.

A delegation of members from each of the five countries gathered in Guatemala City and created the Act of Independence of Central America, which officially made the countries sovereign entities independent of Spain.

There was no fighting or blood spilled, and to give local leaders time to transition into roles of power, the royal governors of the five provinces were held over.

In 1519, Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortés decimated the Aztecs in what is now Mexico and became governor in Mexico City. Cortés and Francisco Hernández de Córdoba explored and made inroads in the lands that would form Honduras and Nicaragua.

Cortés’ second in command, Pedro de Alvarado, was commissioned to settle the new lands. He first brought modern-day Guatemala to heel in 1523. A year later, Alvarado invaded and conquered Nicaragua and Costa Rica, as well as El Salvador in 1528 and Honduras in 1532 (he was named governor of Honduras the same year). These countries would form Captaincy General of Guatemala, which also included Chiapas, a state in Mexico, in 1609. Spain’s King Philip III was the head of the state.

After almost 300 years of Spanish colonial rule, the five countries, taking lessons from Mexico’s independence from Spain and the American colonies’ liberation from England, finally achieved their sovereignty.

Latinx Heritage Month is celebrated from Sept. 15 to Oct. 15 to mark the magnitude of that day, as well as Mexico’s and Chile’s independence days — Sept. 16 and Sept. 18, respectively — falling within days of the Act of Independence of Central America.

Forty-nine years ago, the celebration of Latinx culture was held for a week under President Lyndon B. Johnson’s tenure. Twenty years later — on Aug. 17, 1988 — President Ronald Reagan expanded the observance to a 30-day period.

Liner Notes

The Undefeated and ESPN Deportes are partnering to publish Latinx history stories for the next month.

Rhiannon Walker is an associate editor at The Undefeated. She is a drinker of Sassy Cow Creamery chocolate milk, an owner of an extensive Disney VHS collection, and she might have a heart attack if Frank Ocean doesn't drop his second album.

Источник: https://theundefeated.com/features/on-this-day-in-latinx-history-the-act-of-independence-of-central-america/
rated R).

Film by Mexican director Alejandro González Iñárritu and Mexican screenwriter Guillermo Arriaga, in which a freak accident brings together a critically ill mathematician, a grieving mother, and a born-again ex-con.  Film in English with subtitles in Spanish.

PFS Drive-In at the Navy Yard (Philadelphia)

7:15pm – Quizzo game with questions on screen related to Mexican history.

7:45pm – Show begins.

For free tickets and additional information, visit:  https://filmadelphia.org/events/21-grams/

  • Wednesday, September 15th – “Mexican Independence Day”.

Consul of Mexico, Carlos Obrador Garrido will be joined by Mayor Jim Kenney and other officials at the raising of the Mexican flag and the official ceremony of “El Grito”.

11:30am-12:30pm – Philadelphia City Hall (North Broad St. entrance)

  • Thursday, September 16th – “Mexican Music” by the Mexican students of the Universidad de las Americas Puebla.

Amorcito Corazón          author: unknown

Cielo Rojo                        author: Antonio Coeto

El Pastor                          author: José Manuel Soriano

Buscapiés                        author: Frida Sánchez

Videos will be shown at 6:00pm on the Facebook page of the Consulate of Mexico in Philadelphia

@ConsulmexFila and the Mexican Cultural Center @MccPhilly.

  • Saturday, September 18th – “Tour of the Mexico and Central America Gallery at the Penn Museum in Spanish”.

Mexican writer Carlos José Pérez Sámano takes us on an in-person tour through the “Mexico and Central America Gallery” of the Penn Museum, while sharing historical information about the artifacts on display combined with his personal experiences.

10:30am – Penn Museum

Transportation from South Philadelphia (9th Street and Washington Ave.) and light snacks will be provided.

To learn about the schedule of the transportation and other details send an email to: Esta dirección de correo electrónico está siendo protegida contra los robots de spam. Necesita tener JavaScript habilitado para poder verlo.

This free activity has limited seating.  To register click here: the form

Lighting of the official Mexican colors: green, white and red.

As part of Mexican Independence Day Celebrations 2021, some of the most iconic buildings around the area will light up with the colors of the Mexican flag: green, white and red, from dusk until midnight on September 15th.  The following are the participating buildings:

PECO Crown Lights


Lincoln Financial Field

Pennsylvania Convention Center

Franklin Square Fountain

Symphony House Condominium

1735 Market Street

Ben Franklin Bridge

Additional to the ones above, the Capitol Building in Harrisburg will display the Mexican flag colors on the 10th, 11th and 12th of September.

There will be other celebrations online. The online activities offered are as follows:


Concert “México Inmortal” second edition by singer Rosy Arango and the Mariachi Vargas de Tecalitlán:



“Maratón Digital de Historia de México, 1810 – 1910” (hundred ten videos): 



“Serie audiovisual Cien años con Juan Rulfo” seven chapters one hour long each, about the life and work of the Mexican writer, produced by his son Juan Carlos:



Consul Maria del Rocio Vazquez Alvarez, Deputy Consul of the Consulate of Mexico in Philadelphia, (215) 922-4262, ext. 460, Esta dirección de correo electrónico está siendo protegida contra los robots de spam. Necesita tener JavaScript habilitado para poder verlo.

Ivette Compean Rodriguez, Executive Director, Mexican Cultural Center, (215) 592-0410, Esta dirección de correo electrónico está siendo protegida contra los robots de spam. Necesita tener JavaScript habilitado para poder verlo.




Twitter: @ConsulmexFila @Mccphilly

Источник: https://consulmex.sre.gob.mx/filadelfia/index.php/mostrar-articulos-en-comunicados/411-mexican-independence-day-celebrations-2021

Latino Holidays

Independence Day: September 16
Mexican Anniversary of the Constitution: February 5
La Batalla de Puebla (Cinco de Mayo) May 5
Feast of Our Lady of Guadalupe: December 12

Independence Day: September 15
Liberation Day: June 18

Independence Day: November 3
Flag Day: November 4

Independence Day: May 15

Independence Day: July 28 & 29

Puerto Rico
Las Fiestas Patronales: August

Independence Day: October 12
King’s Day: June 24

Independence Day: July 5

Independence Day: August 25

Other Latin American Holidays

April 14: Pan American Day, celebrated throughout Central & South America.

October 12: Día de La Raza, celebrated throughout Latin America.

November 2: Día de Los Muertos/Day of the Dead, celebrated in these Latin American countries: México, Guatemala, Ecuador, Brasil, El Salvador.

Источник: http://www.rilatinoarts.org/LatinoHolidays.html

Independence Day (Día de la Independencia) is a Mexican holiday to celebrate the “cry of independence” on September 16, 1810, which started a revolt against the Spaniards. It follows from the day of the Cry of Dolores (El Grito de Dolores), on September 15.

Is Independence Day a Public Holiday?

Independence Day is a public holiday. It is a day off for the general population, and schools and most businesses are closed.

Celebrate Independence Day

Mexicans celebrate their country’s Independence Day with fireworks, parties (fiestas), food, dance and music on September 16. Flags, flowers and decorations in the colors of the Mexican flag – red, white and green – are seen in public areas in cities and towns in Mexico. Whistles and horns are blown and confetti is thrown to celebrate this festive occasion. "Viva Mexico" or "Viva la independencia” are shouted amidst the crowds on this day.

Public Life

Independence Day is a national public holiday in Mexico. Banks, schools, government offices and many businesses are closed. Some streets and roads may be closed or restricted in major cities to make way for large celebrations. People intending on travelling via public transport in Mexico should check with public transit authorities on any timetable or route changes.

About Independence Day

Independence Day celebrates the day Miguel Hidalgo is believed to have made the cry of independence (El Grito de la Independencia) in the town of Dolores, in the north-central part of the Mexican state of Guanajuato. Hidalgo was one of the nation’s leaders during the War of Independence in Mexico.

There is no scholarly agreement on what was exactly said by Hidalgo, but his speech, also known as the cry of Dolores (el Grito de Dolores), was made on September 16, 1810 to motivate people to revolt against the Spanish regime. Hidalgo’s army fought against the Spanish soldiers in the fight for independence, but he was captured and executed on July 30, 1811. Mexico's independence was not declared until September 28, 1821.

Did You Know?

Miguel Hidalgo was a priest but was also known to have lived outside the parameters of celibacy. He was believed to have fathered children, including 2 daughters.

Independence Day Observances

While we diligently research and update our holiday dates, some of the information in the table above may be preliminary. If you find an error, please let us know.

Источник: https://www.timeanddate.com/holidays/mexico/independence-day

Thousands turn out for Central American Independence Day Parade

Sep 10, 2017, 10:28pmUpdated on Sep 10, 2017

By: News 12 Staff

Thousands of people turned out Sunday to take part in the Central American Independence Day Parade in Bay Shore.

The 13th annual celebration made its way down Fifth Avenue. The parade celebrates Central American nations gaining independence from Spain in 1821.

The parade was filled with music and dancing, and it highlighted the culture and pride of Central America.

Business leaders say many Central Americans came to the U.S. for opportunity and to pursue the American dream. But the community is also aware of the recent gang crimes that have cast a dark shadow on their culture.

Suffolk police say in 2017, nearly 200 MS-13 gang members were arrested on Long Island. The El Salvador-based street gang has been blamed for a string of killings in Nassau and Suffolk counties.

Amid the recent violence, parade-goers say events like Sunday's celebration are important and positive for their community.

About 3,000 people attended the parade.

Источник: https://bronx.news12.com/thousands-turn-out-for-central-american-independence-day-parade-36332072

Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History

Following the Mexican declaration of war in 1810, protracted fighting erupts cross the country until independence is won in 1821. War leaves Mexico in a state of disorder and deterioration; slowly the Mexicans begin building their social and political infrastructure to make way for republican government. This process is interrupted by a U.S. invasion of Mexico in 1846; by the terms of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848), Mexico cedes a large portion of its northern territory to the U.S. In the mid-1850s, important steps are taken in the democratic evolution of the country, including a new constitution that separates church and state (in effect until 1917). Under the leadership of the first Indian president of the Americas, Benito Juárez (1806–1872), Mexico drives the French out and founds a democratic republic that survives until Juárez’s death in 1872. In 1876, Porfirio Díaz (1830–1915) leads a military takeover of Mexico City and assumes the presidency (1876–80; 1884–1911). To the detriment of indigenous Mexicans, he promotes railroad construction, increased trade, and modernization by concessions to foreign investors. Reaction against this Porfiriato, as his rule is called, precipitates the Revolution of 1910.

While under Spanish rule, Central America is a colonial backwater and lags economically and culturally behind other centers. It is spared the bloody wars that characterize the independence movements of Mexico and Spanish South America. In 1823, the United Provinces of Central Americais formed, consisting of Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica (Panama is part of Colombia until 1903, Belize a colony of British Honduras until 1973). Destructive civil wars and political unrest ensue, so that by 1841 the five countries split apart. Instead of realizing the dream of a united and prosperous independent isthmian nation, Central America remains a feuding cluster of city-states calling themselves “republics.” Despite the failure of a union, their individual flags—all bearing a white stripe between two blue stripes (land between the two oceans)—symbolize shared histories and future hopes. Plans to construct an inter-oceanic canal through Central America spells continual international interference in the affairs of the region, particularly from Britain and the U.S. These plans culminate in the Panama Canal in 1914.

Источник: https://www.metmuseum.org/toah/ht/10/ca.html
central america independence day

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