the percentage of child obesity in america

Today, 17 percent of our children, 32 percent of adult males, and 36 percent of adult females are obese. Although obesity has increased across all racial and. Adolescents (ages 12 to 19) whose BMI places them in the “obese” category: 20.6 percent · School-aged children (6 to 11) who are obese: 18.4. Worryingly, the rate of increase in obesity in children is higher than The prevalence varies from 30% in America to less than 2% in sub-Saharan Africa. the percentage of child obesity in america

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42. Gupta N, Goel K, Shah P, Misra A. Childhood obesity in developing countries: epidemiology, determinants, and prevention. Endocr Rev. (2012) 33:48–70. doi: 10.1210/er.2010-0028

PubMed Abstract

Childhood Obesity as an Epidemic

Overview of Childhood Obesity in The U.S.

In 2015-16, 20 percent of adolescents ages 12-19 were considered obese. This designation fit 18.4% of school-age children ages 6-11, and 13.9% preschool-age children ages 2-5. Going back to 1971, the obesity rate in boys rose from 5.3% to 19.1%, and 5.1% to 17.8% in girls. The data also revealed that 25.8% of Mexican-American children were obese, compared to 22% of African-American children, 14.1% of white children, and 11% of Asian American children.

According to a 2017 report by the World Health Organization, there are a few socioeconomic factors that can contribute to childhood obesity. For instance, gestational diabetes occurring during pregnancy may cause an increased birth weight and obesity risk as children reach maturity. A lack of information on healthy, nutritional diet the percentage of child obesity in america also been blamed, as has unhealthy food for infants and young children like foods that are high in fat, salt, and sugar. Additionally, increased urbanization and digitization leads to a decrease in physical activity and healthy play.

Obesity and its Adverse Effects

Obese children are at a substantially elevated risk of adverse health and social outcomes.

Type 2 Diabetes

Obese children are four times as likely to develop the condition compared with children with a body mass index (BMI) in the normal range. This condition can lead to issues ranging from fatigue and slow sore and cut healing to heart disease and kidney failure.

Heart Disease

Obese children are also more likely to become obese adults and are more likely to have risk factors for cardiovascular disease. These risk factors include high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and prediabetes or diabetes.

Asthma

The Southern California Health Study (CHS) at USC established a link between asthma and obesity in children. Children with early life asthma were 51% more likely to develop obesity, and children with a history of wheezing were 42% more likely to map of jacksonville jaguars stadium obesity.

Other Adversities

Obese children are more likely to report numerous emotional and social impacts, like low self-reported quality of life, low self-esteem, and anxiety. Obesity is also linked to poorer academic performance, as studies indicate obese students are more likely to have missed school days, have a learning disability, or have slower cognitive processes. Finally, there is a link between size and bullying. 24% of boys and 30% of girls experience daily teasing or bullying because of their size. Moreover, 58% of overweight boys and 63% of overweight girls experience daily the percentage of child obesity in america or bullying.

Contributing Factors of The percentage of child obesity in america in Children

Sedentary lifestyles play a big role in obesity. Each additional hour of TV per day increases the prevalence of obesity by 2%. This is important to note, as the number of hours spent sedentarily per week in the U.S. increases by 1.3% each year.

Dietary factors are also a big concern. U.S. children eat 19.4 teaspoons of sugar per 2,000 calories consumed, which is almost 400% more than the 3.9 teaspoons of added sugar that’s the daily recommended maximum. Fast food is also an issue, as 34.3 % of American children and adolescents ages 2 to 19 consume fast food on a typical day. Moreover, 12.1 percent of children how to get into investment banking adolescents get more than 40% of their calories from fast food.

Conclusion

Parental Strategies

The American Heart Association has produced guidelines to help grown-ups limit added sugar consumption among children. The the percentage of child obesity in america of healthy eating habits is also critical, and this can take the form of providing healthy food options, offering reasonably-sized portions the percentage of child obesity in america mealtimes, offering snacks low in fat, sugar, and calories, and encouraging the drinking of water in lieu of sugary beverages.

Parents can also strive to have more home-cooked family meals with their children, which lowers the odds of obesity. They should also make sure their kids are getting enough sleep. Finally, they should also lead by example via exercise, as studies show that active parents also produce active children.

School-Based Strategies

The CDC recommends schools incorporate nutrition and physical activity into health education curriculum and other subjects when appropriate. They also recommend the percentage of child obesity in america implementation of school-wide wellness programs for staff and students. Additionally, they push to provide access to healthy food and daily physical activity opportunities. Finally, they advocate for the assessment of current healthy eating and physical activity policies and practices.

 Community Advocacy

Health care providers can be advocates for healthy the percentage of child obesity in america. Key strategies here include the encouragement millenium bank wroclaw self-monitoring and more nutritious selection, identifying at-risk children as early as possible, helping families develop communication and parenting skills pertaining to healthy foods and physical activity, and setting healthy food and activity targets.

Elected Officials and Community Leaders

Educating and advocating for wise-science-based policy is essential to changing the big picture on childhood obesity. Successful strategies that policymakers can take include the promotion of high-quality health and physical education, addressing health disparities within communities, and supporting the development of school health councils and rigorous health planning processes.

 

Suggested Readings

What Has The Impact of “Let’s Move!” Had on Childhood Obesity?

Legal Efforts to Fight the Obesity Crisis

University of Nevada, Reno Online Master of Social Work

 

Источник: https://onlinedegrees.unr.edu/blog/childhood-obesity-as-an-epidemic/
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PubMed Abstract Google Scholar

19. Hallal PC, Andersen LB, Bull F, Guthold R, Haskell W, Ekelund U, et al. Global physical activity levels: surveillance progress, pitfalls, and prospects. Lancet. (2012) 380:247–57. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(12)60646-1

PubMed Abstract


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