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Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank

Multilateral development bank

"AIIB" redirects here. For other uses, see AIIB (disambiguation).

Ambox current red.svg

Parts of this article (those related to documentation) need to be updated. Please help update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information.(May 2020)

AIIB logo.svg
AIIB headquarters near Forest Park South Gate (20210404164705).jpg

Headquarters in Beijing

Formation16 January 2016; 5 years ago (2016-01-16)
TypeRegional Investment Bank
Legal statusTreaty
HeadquartersBeijing, China

Region served

Asia and Oceania


104 Members[1]

Official language


Key people

Jin Liqun[3] (President)

Main organ

  • Board of Governors
  • Board of Directors
Headquarters building of the AIIB

The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) is a multilateral development bank that aims to improve economic and social outcomes in Asia.[4] The bank currently has 104 members, including 17 prospective members from around the world.[1] The bank started operation after the agreement entered into force on 25 December 2015, after ratifications were received from 10 member states holding a total number of 50% of the initial subscriptions of the Authorized Capital Stock.[5]

The United Nations has addressed the launch of AIIB as having potential for "scaling up financing for sustainable development"[6] and to improve the global economic governance.[7] The starting capital of the bank was US$100 billion, equivalent to 2⁄3 of the capital of the Asian Development Bank and about half that of the World Bank.[8]

The bank was proposed by China in 2013[9] and the initiative was launched at a ceremony in Beijing in October 2014.[10] It received the highest credit ratings from the three biggest rating agencies in the world, and is seen as a potential rival to the World Bank and IMF.[11][12]


The proposal for the creation of an "Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank" was first made by the Vice Chairman of the China Center for International Economic Exchanges, a Chinese thinktank, at the Bo'ao Forum in April 2009. The initial context was to make better use of Chinese foreign currency reserves in the wake of the global financial crisis.[13]

The initiative was officially launched by Chinese President Xi Jinping on a state visit to Indonesia in October 2013.[14] The Chinese government has been frustrated with what it regards as the slow pace of reforms and governance, and wants greater input in global established institutions like the IMF, World Bank and Asian Development Bank which it claims are heavily dominated by American, European and Japanese interests.[15]

In April 2014, Chinese PremierLi Keqiang delivered a keynote speech at the opening of the Boao Forum for Asia and said that China was ready to intensify consultations with relevant parties in and outside Asia on the preparations for the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank.[16][17]

The Asian Development Bank Institute published a report in 2010 which said that the region requires $8 trillion to be invested from 2010 to 2020 in infrastructure for the region to continue economic development.[15][18] In a 2014 editorial, The Guardian newspaper wrote that the new bank could allow Chinese capital to finance these projects and allow it a greater role to play in the economic development of the region commensurate with its growing economic and political clout.[19] But until March 2015, China in the ADB has only 5.47 percent voting right, while Japan and US have a combined 26 percent voting right (13 percent each) with a share in subscribed capital of 15.7 percent and 15.6 percent, respectively. Dominance by both countries and slow reforms underlie China's wish to establish the AIIB, while both countries worry about China's increasing influence.[20]

In June 2014 China proposed doubling the registered capital of the bank from $50 billion to $100 billion and invited India to participate in the founding of the bank.[21][22] On 24 October 2014, twenty-one countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) regarding the AIIB in Beijing, China: Bangladesh, Brunei, Cambodia, India, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Mongolia, Nepal, Oman, Pakistan, Philippines, Qatar, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Uzbekistan and Vietnam.[23] Indonesia's joining was slightly delayed due to their new presidential administration not being able to review the membership in time. Indonesia signed the MOU on 25 November 2014.[24]

The U.S. allegedly tried to keep Australia and South Korea from becoming prospective founding members, after they expressed an interest in it.[25] However, both Australia and South Korea applied to join the bank in March 2015.[26][27][28][29]

Hong Kong's Financial SecretaryJohn Tsang announced in his budget speech in February 2015 that the territory would join the AIIB.[30] It did however not become one of the prospective founding members and negotiated as part of the Chinese delegation.

In early March 2015, the United Kingdom's Chancellor of the Exchequer, George Osborne, announced that the UK had decided to apply to join the Bank, becoming the third Western country to do so after Luxembourg and New Zealand.[31] The announcement was criticised by the U.S. Obama Administration. A US government official told Financial Times, "We are wary about a trend toward constant accommodation of China, which is not the best way to engage a rising power." The official further stated that the British decision was taken after "no consultation with the US."[32] In response, the UK indicated that the subject had been discussed between Chancellor Osborne and US Treasury Secretary Jack Lew for several months preceding the decision. It was further stated that joining the bank as a founding member would allow the UK to influence the development of the institution. By encouraging Chinese investments in the next generations of nuclear power plants, Osborne announced that "the City of London would become the base for the first clearing house for the yuan outside Asia."[33]

Following the criticism, the White House National Security Council, in a statement to The Guardian, declared,

Our position on the AIIB remains clear and consistent. The United States and many major global economies all agree there is a pressing need to enhance infrastructure investment around the world. We believe any new multilateral institution should incorporate the high standards of the World Bank and the regional development banks. Based on many discussions, we have concerns about whether the AIIB will meet these high standards, particularly related to governance, and environmental and social safeguards […] The international community has a stake in seeing the AIIB complement the existing architecture, and to work effectively alongside the World Bank and Asian Development Bank.[34]

Several other European states – including Germany, France and Italy – followed the UK's decision to join the AIIB in March.[35] German Finance Minister Wolfgang Schäuble stated, "We want to contribute our long-standing experience with international financial institutions to the creation of the new bank by setting high standards and helping the bank to get a high international reputation."[36] In March 2015, the South Korean Ministry of Strategy and Finance announced that it, too, is planning to join the AIIB, citing its potential in helping South Korean companies win deals in infrastructural projects as well expanding South Korea's influence in international banking as a founding member.[37] States could indicate their interest in becoming a Prospective Founding Member until 31 March 2015.

Negotiations took place in the framework of five Chief Negotiators Meetings (CNMs) which took place between November 2014 and May 2015. The Articles of Agreement, the legal framework of the bank, were concluded in the fifth CNM. It was signed on 29 June 2015 by 50 of the named 57 prospective founding members in Beijing, while the other seven signed later.

On 25 December 2015, the Articles of Agreement entered into force. On 16 January 2016, the board of governors of the bank convened its inaugural meeting in Beijing and declared the bank open for business. Jin Liqun was elected as the bank's president for a five-year term. 17 states (Australia, Austria, Brunei, China, Georgia, Germany, Jordan, Luxembourg, Mongolia, Myanmar, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Pakistan, Singapore, South Korea and the United Kingdom) together holding 50.1% of the initial subscriptions of Authorized Capital Stock, had deposited the instrument of ratification for the agreement, triggering entry into force, and making them all founding members[38] and bringing the Articles of Agreement, the bank's charter, into force. 35 other states followed later, taking the amount of Authorized Capital Stock held by the 29 members of the bank to 74%.

AIIB within PRC policy thinking[edit]

Fostering long-term economic development[edit]

The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank can be construed as a natural inter-national extension of the infrastructure-driven economic development framework that has sustained the rapid economic growth of China since the adoption of the Chinese economic reform under chairman Deng Xiaoping. It stems from the notion that long-term economic growth can only be achieved through systematic, and broad-based investments in infrastructure assets – in contrast with the more short-term "export-driven" and "domestic consumption" development models favored by mainstream Western Neoclassical economists and pursued by many developing countries in the 1990s and the first decade of the 21st century with generally disappointing results.[39][40]

Infrastructure as regional integration and foreign policy tool[edit]

In his 29 March 2015 speech at the Boao Forum for Asia (BFA) annual conference, Chinese leader Xi Jinping said:

[T]he Chinese economy is deeply integrated with the global economy and forms an important driving force of the economy of Asia and even the world at large. […] China's investment opportunities are expanding. Investment opportunities in infrastructure connectivity as well as in new technologies, new products, new business patterns, and new business models are constantly springing up. […] China's foreign cooperation opportunities are expanding. We support the multilateral trading system, devote ourselves to the Doha Round negotiations, advocate the Asia-Pacific free trade zone, promote negotiations on regional comprehensive economic partnership, advocate the construction of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB), boost economic and financial cooperation in an all-round manner, and work as an active promoter of economic globalization and regional integration[16]

Xi insisted also that the Silk Road Fund and the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank would foster "economic connectivity and a new-type of industrialization [in the Asia Pacific area], and [thus] promote the common development of all countries as well as the peoples' joint enjoyment of development fruits."[16][41]

Legal basis and membership[edit]

Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank map.svg

  Prospective members (regional)

  Members (regional)

  Prospective members (non-regional)

  Members (non-regional)

Signed29 June 2015
LocationBeijing, China
Effective25 December 2015
ConditionRatification by 10 states, comprising 50% of initial subscriptions of capital stock[2]
Parties72 (96% of initial subscriptions of capital stock)[42]
DepositaryGovernment of the People’s Republic of China[2]
LanguagesChinese, English (used in disputes) and French[2]

The Articles of Agreement form the legal basis for the Bank. 57 Prospective Founding Members (PFM) named in annex A of the agreement are eligible to sign and ratify the Articles, thus becoming a member of the Bank. Other states, which are parties to the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development or the Asian Development Bank may become members after approval of their accession by the bank.[5]

The Articles were negotiated by the Prospective Founding Members, with Hong Kong joining the negotiations via China.[43][44]


The 57 Prospective Founding Members can become Founding Members through:

  • Signing the Articles of Agreement in 2015
  • Ratifying the Articles of Agreement in 2015 or 2016

All Prospective Founding Members have signed the Articles, 52 of which have ratified them, comprising 92% of the shares of all PFM. The formal actions towards becoming a Founding Member are shown below, as well as the percentage of the votes and of the shares, in the event all prospective founding states become parties, and no other members are accepted.

In March 2017, 13 other states were granted prospective membership: 5 regional (Afghanistan, Armenia, Fiji, Timor Leste and Hong Kong, China) and 8 non-regional: Belgium, Canada, Ethiopia, Hungary, Ireland, Peru, Sudan and Venezuela. In May 2017, 7 states were granted prospective membership: 3 regional (Bahrain, Cyprus, Samoa) and 4 non-regional (Bolivia, Chile, Greece, Romania). In June 2017, 3 other states were granted prospective membership: 1 regional (Tonga) and 2 non-regional (Argentina, Madagascar).[45] In 2018, 7 other states were granted prospective membership: 1 regional (Lebanon) and 6 non-regional (Algeria, Ghana, Libya, Morocco, Serbia, Togo).[46][47] In 2019, 7 other states were granted prospective membership: 7 non-regional (Djibouti, Rwanda, Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Tunisia, Uruguay).[48] They become members after finishing their domestic procedures. As of 20 July 2021, the total number of countries approved for membership of AIIB is 104 (Regional Members: 46, Non-Regional Members: 41, Prospective Members: 17).[49] Countries holding at least 2.0% of either the total subscriptions or voting powers are in bold.


Country / Region Prospective Founding
Member status
Ratification or Acceptance
Total Subscriptions
(Amount of Shares in
millions USD)
Voting Power
(Number of Votes)
 Afghanistan13 October 201786.62,077
 Algeria27 December 20195.01,607
 Argentina30 March 20215.01,607
 Australia3 April 2015[50]29 June 201510 November 20153,691.239,069
 Austria11 April 2015[51]29 June 20153 December 2015500.87,165
 Azerbaijan15 April 2015[52]29 June 201524 June 2016254.14,698
 Bahrain24 August 2018103.62,593
 Bangladesh[a]24 October 201429 June 201522 March 2016660.58,762
 Belarus17 January 201964.12,198
 Belgium10 July 2019284.64,403
 Benin27 May 20205.01,607
 Brazil[53]12 April 201529 June 20152 November 2020[54]5.02,207
 Brunei[a]24 October 201429 June 201512 October 201552.42,681
 Cambodia[a]24 October 201429 June 201517 May 2016 62.32,780
 Canada19 March 2018995.411,511
 Chile2 July 202110.01,657
 China[a]24 October 201429 June 201526 November 201529,780.4299,961
 Cook Islands1 June 20200.51,562
 Côte d’Ivoire26 February 20205.01,607
 Cyprus27 June 201820.01,757
 Denmark12 April 201527 October 201514 January 2016369.55,852
 Ecuador1 November 20195.01,607
 Egypt14 April 2015[55]29 June 201512 August 2016650.58,662
 Ethiopia13 May 201745.81,923
 Fiji11 December 201712.51,682
 Finland12 April 201529 June 20157 January 2016310.35,260
 France2 April 2015[56]29 June 201516 June 20163,375.635,913
 Georgia12 April 201529 June 201514 December 201553.92,696
 Germany1 April 2015[57]29 June 201521 December 20154,484.246,999
 Ghana21 February 20205.01,597
 Greece20 August 201910.01,657
 Guinea12 July 20195.01,597
 Hong Kong7 June 2017765.19,208
 Hungary16 June 2017100.02,557
 Iceland15 April 2015[52]29 June 20154 March 201617.62,333
 India[a]24 October 201429 June 201511 January 20168,367.385,830
 Indonesia[a]25 November 2014[24]29 June 201514 January 20163,360.735,764
 Iran7 April 2015[58]29 June 20156 January 20171,580.811,642
 Ireland23 October 2017131.32,870
 Israel15 April 2015[52]29 June 201515 January 2016749.99,656
 Italy2 April 2015[56]29 June 201513 July 20162,571.827,875
 Jordan7 February 201529 June 201525 December 2015119.23,349
 Kazakhstan[a]24 October 201429 June 201518 April 2016729.39,450
 South Korea11 April 2015[51]29 June 201511 December 20153,738.739,544
 Kyrgyzstan9 April 2015[59]29 June 201511 April 201626.82,371
 Laos[a]24 October 201429 June 201515 January 201643.02,587
 Liberia4 January 20215.01,607
 Luxembourg27 March 2015[60]29 June 20159 December 201569.72,854
 Madagascar27 June 20185.01,607
 Malaysia24 October 201421 August 2015[61]27 March 2017109.53,252
 Maldives31 December 2014[62]29 June 20154 January 20167.22,229
 Malta9 April 2015[59]29 June 20157 January 201613.62,293
 Mongolia[a]24 October 201429 June 201527 November 201541.12,568
 Myanmar[a]24 October 201429 June 20151 July 2015264.54,802
   Nepal[a]24 October 201429 June 201513 January 201680.92,966
 Netherlands12 April 201529 June 201516 December 20151,031.312,470
 New Zealand5 January 2015[63]29 June 20159 December 2015[64]461.56,772
 Norway14 April 2015[55]29 June 201522 December 2015550.67,663
 Oman[a]24 October 201429 June 201521 June 2016259.24,749
 Pakistan[a]24 October 201429 June 201522 December 20151,034.112,498
 Philippines24 October 201431 December 20156 December 2016979.111,948
 Poland15 April 2015[52]9 October 201520 April 2016[65]831.810,475
 Portugal15 April 2015[52]29 June 20158 February 201765.02,807
 Qatar[a]24 October 201429 June 201524 June 2016604.48,201
 Romania28 December 2018153.03,087
 Russia14 April 201529 June 201528 December 20156,536.267,519
 Rwanda16 April 20205.01,607
 Samoa[a]6 March 20182.11,578
 Saudi Arabia13 January 2015[66]29 June 201519 February 20162,544.627,603
 Serbia15 August 20185.01,607
 Singapore[a]24 October 2014[67]29 June 201510 September 2015250.04,657
 Spain11 April 2015[51]29 June 201519 December 20171,761.519,772
 Sri Lanka[a]24 October 201429 June 201522 June 2016269.04,847
 Sudan13 September 201859.01,797
 Sweden15 April 2015[52]29 June 201523 June 2016630.08,457
  Switzerland28 March 2015[68]29 June 201525 April 2016706.49,221
 Tajikistan13 January 2015[66]29 June 201516 January 201630.92,466
 Thailand24 October 2014[67]1 October 201520 June 20161,427.516,432
 Timor-Leste22 November 201716.01,717
 Tonga[a]5 January 20211.21,569
 Turkey10 April 2015[69]29 June 201515 January 20162,609.928,256
 United Arab Emirates5 April 2015[70]29 June 201515 January 20161,185.714,014
 United Kingdom28 March 2015[68]29 June 20153 December 20153,054.732,704
 Uruguay28 April 20205.01,607
 Uzbekistan[a]24 October 201429 June 201530 November 2016219.84,355
 Vanuatu[a]6 March 20180.51,562
 Vietnam[a]24 October 201429 June 201511 April 2016663.38,790
Unallocated Shares3,229.9
Grand Total87
46 Regional
41 non-Regional

Prospective Members

  Regional members

Dependent territories[edit]

The Articles of Agreement provide for non-sovereign entities to become members of the bank. In addition to the requirements for sovereign states, the membership of dependent territories must be supported by the state responsible for its external relations.


The Czech Republic,[71] Nigeria, Iraq,[72] Colombia,[73] Ukraine are considering joining the AIIB as members. Mexico, Japan and the United States have no immediate intention to participate. Taiwan's request to become a Prospective Founding Member was rejected by China as it does not consider the former to be a sovereign state.[74]


  • Taiwan applied for PFM to join the AIIB via Taiwan Affairs Office on 31 March, possibly under the name "Chinese Taipei",[75][76] but was rejected by the Multilateral Interim Secretariat of the AIIB on 13 April, without any reason stated. However, mainland China claims that there is the possibility for Taiwan to obtain membership at a later date.[74] Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying said that Taiwan should avoid creating a "two Chinas" or "one China, one Taiwan" situation.[77]ROC Finance MinisterChang Sheng-ford announced in April 2016 that Taiwan was not being treated with "dignity" or "respect" during the registration process and Taiwan eventually chose to leave the decision to join to the new president.[78]

United States United States – No commitment

  • The United States' officials have expressed concerns about whether the AIIB would have high standards of governance, and whether it would have environmental and social safeguards.[79] The United States is reported to have used diplomatic pressure to try and prevent key allies, such as Australia, from joining the bank,[80] and expressed disappointment when others, such as Britain, joined.[67][79] The US' opposition to the AIIB, as well as its attempt to dissuade allies from joining was seen as a manifestation of a multifaceted containment strategy.

Japan Japan – "Under Consideration" / No commitment

  • Masato Kitera, Tokyo's envoy in Beijing, stated previously that Japan might join the AIIB.[81] Japanese Finance Minister Tarō Asō previously indicated interest in joining the AIIB, but later switched his stance. Yoshihide Suga, Japan's Cabinet Secretary, told the public that Japan was still seeking China's full explanation of the AIIB as he stated, "As of today, Japan will not join AIIB and a clear explanation has not been received from China" and "Japan is dubious about whether (the AIIB) would be properly governed or whether it would damage other creditors". He also stated that Japan is no longer considering whether or not to join the bank. The Japanese Government Spokesman also announced that Japan would not join the AIIB. Japanese prime minister Shinzō Abe also added that Japan does not need to join the bank.[82] But two years later, in May 2017, Shinzō Abe said join the AIIB, created in part to fund the initiative, could be an option if governance questions were resolved.[83]Toshihiro Nikai, secretary-general of the ruling party Liberal Democratic Party, suggested join the AIIB.[84]

Shareholding structure[edit]

The Authorized Capital Stock of the bank is $100 billion (US dollars), divided into 1 million shares of $100,000 each. Twenty percent are paid-in shares (and thus have to be transferred to the bank), and 80% are callable shares.[2] The allocated shares are based on the size of each member country's economy (calculated using GDP Nominal (60%) and GDP PPP (40%)) and whether they are an Asian or Non-Asian Member. The total number of shares will determine the fraction of authorized capital in the bank.[5][85][86][87] Of the prospective founding members, three states decided not to subscribe to all allocated shares: Malaysia, Portugal, and Singapore,[88] resulting in 98% of available shares being subscribed.[2]

Three categories of votes exist: basic votes, share votes and Founding Member votes. The basic votes are equal for all members and constitute 12% of the total votes, while the share votes are equal to the number of shares. Each Founding Member furthermore gets 600 votes. An overview of the shares, assuming when all 57 Prospective Founding Members have become Founding Members is shown below (values in bold do not depend on the number of members):[89]

Vote Type% of Total VotesTotal VotesVote per MemberChina
(Largest PFM)
(Smallest PFM)
Basic votes12138,5102,4302,4302,430
Share votes85981,514Varies297,80472
Founding Member votes334,200600600600
Total1001,154,224varies300,834 (26.1%)3,102 (0.3%)


Name plaque of AIIB at its global headquarters in Beijing

The bank's governance structure is composed of the Board of Governors[90] as the top-level and highest decision-making body.[91] It is composed of 1 governor for each member state of the bank and in principle meets once a year.[91] The board of directors, composed of 12 governors, each representing one or more member is responsible for daily operations and tasks delegated to it by the board of governors. Nine of those members are from within the Asia-Pacific region and three representing members outside the region.[91]

Of the non-regional directors, 1 constituency is made up of EU member states having the Euro as their currency, and 1 from other European countries.[92]

New members are considered for admission only once a year. An overview of the constituencies is shown below:[93]


The former President of the World Bank, Jim Yong Kim, has said that the need for infrastructure in developing countries is great so that the activities of new organizations would be welcome.[94]

Geopolitical implication in Asia-Pacific and beyond[edit]

There is no consensus in the United States about the role of the AIIB. G. John Ikenberry (Princeton University) sees the AIIB as part of "China's emerging institutional statecraft,"[95] but argues that it is not clear whether the institution will tie China more deeply into the existing order or become a vehicle to challenge the order. Phillip Lipscy (Stanford University) argues that the United States and Japan should support the AIIB to encourage China's peaceful global leadership and discourage China from pursuing coercive or military options.[96] On the other hand, Paola Subacchi (Chatham House) argues that the AIIB represents a threat to US-dominated global governance.[97]

Think-tanks such as Chatham House, the China Studies Centre at the University of Sydney and the World Pensions Council (WPC) have argued that the successful establishment of a new supranational financial powerhouse headquartered in PRC would be facilitated by the large number of participating developed economies.[98][99] These experts observe that the establishment of the Beijing-based AIIB does not necessitate rivalry, when economic cooperation is possible,[98] and that the decision by the UK to participate advances its own interests even if some of its allies are opposed.[99]

Environmental record[edit]

As the bank is still in its early years, it has no environmental record. Several organisations[which?] have however expressed their concerns over environmental policy of the proposed bank because of the high stake of China in the bank's business. Although the proposed bank declared "AIIB will learn from the best practice in the world and adopt international standards of environmental protection," Oxford scholar of economics and energy policy Yuge Ma has argued that this may be complicated in developing Asian countries.[100]

Comparison with ADB and IBRD[edit]

Date as of31 December 2016[103]31 December 2017[104]31 December 201730 June 2018
(Regional, Non-regional, Prospective)34, 16, 740, 20, 2448, 19, 0
Credit ratingUnratedAAAAAAAAA
Total assets17,79518,973182,381403,056

Lending results[


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Nov 21, 2021

Fanned Cash One Hundred Dollar Bill Invest Retire Save Count Money Getty

The Smartest Buffett Stocks to Buy With $250 Right Now

Riding Buffett's coattails to riches has long been a winning strategy.

Sean Williams

3 Affordable Bank Stocks With Solid Dividends

For conservative investors, these bank stocks are good names to buy in the current environment

By Larry Ramer, InvestorPlace Contributor Mar 2, 2021, 3:01 pm EST

bank stocks - 3 Affordable Bank Stocks With Solid Dividends

It could hardly be a better time to buy bank stocks. Interest rates are climbing, enabling banks to earn much more money from their loans and credit cards. Meanwhile, the economy is improving by leaps and bounds.

The latter trend should continue as tens of millions of more Americans are vaccinated  against the novel coronavirus. The vaccinations, in turn, should boost the energy, tourism, and transportation sectors, allowing banks to make many more highly secure, profitable loans.

For conservative investors seeking relatively high dividend payments, affordable bank stocks that can climb significantly, and secure names, I best regional bank stocks 2020 that large regional banks are the best bet. In addition to meeting all of those criteria, they can also easily become takeover targets.

Moreover, all three of the names that I’m recommending were identified in January by Goldman Sachs as being among the best regional bank stocks.

Here are three bank stocks to buy:

  • Citizens Financial (NYSE:CFG)
  • Regions Financial (NYSE:RF)
  • KeyCorp (NYSE:KEY)

Bank Stocks to Buy: Citizens Financial (CFG)

Source: Shutterstock

Goldman analyst Ryan Nash expects Citizens Financial’s 2021 earnings per share to double versus last pnc mailing address to $4.15. Based on his estimate, the bank is trading at a forward price-earnings ratio of about 10x.

In today’s high-valuation stock market, that’s a refreshingly low valuation.

What’s more, Citizens has an operating margin of 25% over the last year, and its total debt plunged to $8.6 billion as of December 2020 from $14 billion at the end of 2019.

Impressively, despite a difficult comparison due to the pandemic, the bank’s revenue increased 4% year-over-year in Q4, and the company expects its loan growth to come in at a healthy 5% to 9% this year.

Given the recent increase in interest rates, the bank’s forecast for a  net interest income decline in 2021 looks very conservative. CFG stock has a very attractive dividend yield of 3.6%.

Regions Financial (RF)

RF stock Regions Financial Corporation

Source: Jonathan Weiss /

Another affordable large regional bank stock, Regions is trading at a forward P/E of just 11. Despite the pandemic, its top line rose to $6.24 billion from $5.84 billion in 2019.

Regions’ total debt plummeted to $3.57 billion at the end of 2020 from $9.93 billion on the final day of 2019. Its debt is miniscule compared with the value of its total assets, which stood at $147.4 billion as of the end of last year.

Goldman’s Nash expects Regions’ results to be boosted by strong reserve releases this year, and the bank’s dividend yield is 3%.

On Feb. 1, Terry McEvoy, an analyst at Stephens, upgraded RF stock to overweight, praising what the analyst  sees as its “ability to deploy excess liquidity, disciplined expense management, and its hedging strategy to protect net interest income.”  As a result of these points, McEvoy expects the company’s 2022 net revenue, excluding provisions, to come in above analysts’ average outlook.

For Q4, the bank’s EPS came in at 62 cents versus the average outlook of 42 cents, as its net interest income impressively climbed over 10% on a year-over-year basis.

KeyCorp (KEY)

KEY stock KeyBank sign and logo in Pittsburgh

Source: JHVEPhoto /

In Q4, KeyCorp’s top and bottom lines came in meaningfully above analysts’ average estimates, as its revenue soared nearly 13%. Showing its strong underwriting capabilities, its provision for credit losses came in at just $20 million, versus the mean estimate of $149 million.

According to Seeking Alpha, KeyCorp has a “strong capital position,” and the bank authorized “up to $900 million” of share repurchases.

Research firms Jefferies chase app logo Evercore were upbeat on KeyCorp’s 2021 guidance, while Goldman’s Nash believes that it is poised to deliver strong, positive operating leverage this year.

KEY stock trades at a forward price-earnings ratio of 11.5 and has a very attractive forward dividend yield of 3.6%.

On the date of publication, Larry Ramer did not have (either directly or indirectly) any positions in the securities mentioned in this article. 

Larry Ramer has conducted research and written articles on U.S. stocks for 14 years. He has been employed by The Fly and Israel’s largest business newspaper, Globes. Larry began writing columns for InvestorPlace in 2015.  Among his highly successful, contrarian picks have been GE, solar stocks, and Snap. You can reach him on StockTwits at @larryramer.

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Nov 9, 2021