costco san jose ca

A new Costco Wholesale retail center is planned to open at the CA Business Center in San Jose this October. They offer electronics, groceries. What companies run services between San Jose Airport (SJC), USA and Costco, CA, USA? You can take a bus from San Jose Airport (SJC) to Costco via Santa. We're Costco #848 located at 2376 S EVERGREEN LOOP in SAN JOSE, CA. Call us at (669) 236-4679 or stop by and shop with us!

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The majority of big retailers will keep their stores closed on Thanksgiving for the second year.

Walmart, Target, Best Buy, Kohl's, Macy's, Dick's Sporting Goods and JCPenney – which for years opened for in-person Black Friday shopping on the holiday – are all closed Thursday.

Costco, Home Depot, Lowe's, Sam's Club and Apple have traditionally stayed closed on the holiday.

Select grocery stores across the country are open Thursday, but the majority will operate with limited hours. (See the list of grocery stores that are open and those that are closed Thursday.)

Like last year, to limit crowds and spread out demand, retailers started rolling out deals before Halloween and have turned a weekend shopping blitz into an extended event.

►Black Friday deals: The absolute best deals this Black Friday from Walmart, Target, Best Buy and more: Live updates

►Is Black Friday worth it? Here's how to save, when to shop for deals and maybe score a PS5

Because of state laws, Maine, Massachusetts and Rhode Island stores will be closed on Thanksgiving. Stores in some areas also have varied hours because of county or municipal laws.

Several restaurants also are closed on Thanksgiving. (See the list of who is open and who is closed here.)

Walmart on Thanksgiving: Closed for second year

Until 2020, Walmart stores haven't closed on Thanksgiving since the late 1980s. Months into the pandemic in July 2020, the world's largest retailer announced its stores would be closed for the holiday. In June, Walmart announced stores would be closed for Thanksgiving 2021.

Walmart will open 5 a.m. Friday for its in-store Black Friday sale.

►Walmart Black Friday 2021 deals: Save on Samsung Galaxy, Apple Watches and more

►Samsung Black Friday deals: Shop steep price cuts on the Galaxy phones, watches, TVs and more during Samsung's Black Friday sale

Target closed on Thanksgiving for good

Target announced Monday it is making its Thanksgiving Day closing permanently. Stores will open 7 a.m. Black Friday.

Target is the first major retailer to make such a permanent move during the pandemic, and its decision could push other retailers to follow in its path, says Ken Perkins, president of Retail Metrics, a retail research firm.

►Black Friday 2021 store hours: When Walmart, Target, Best Buy, Costco and other stores open Friday

►Target Black Friday deals are here: Shop savings on Apple, Dyson, Keurig and more

GameStop opens 5 p.m. Thanksgiving with some PS5 bundles

If you’re hunting for a PlayStation 5, GameStop might be one option for finding it in store. Many retailers including Walmart are selling PS5 and Xbox Series X online.

Many GameStop locations are open from 5 to 9 p.m. Thanksgiving, but other locations are closed until Friday morning.

At a GameStop in Coral Springs, Florida, a sign on the door said the location had 11 PS5 bundles selling for $789.95, including the console, $100 GameStop gift card, PlayStation Plus 12-month membership and three games.

Nick Reed got to the store around 2 a.m. Thanksgiving morning and was first in the line. Reed, of Coral Springs, said he has been trying to get Sony’s latest console since last year.

“I could have gotten here at around 5 and still would have been the first one,” Reed said.

Alessio Sincore, of Tamarac, Florida, got to the GameStop at 6:30 a.m. after missing out on the PS5 during online sales at Best Buy and Walmart. He said it was his first time lining up for a Black Friday sale and he was expecting to see larger crowds like on TV.

A GameStop in Coral Springs, Florida had a line of about 15 at around 2:40 p.m. Thanksgiving, ahead of the 5 p.m. opening.

Costco, Home Depot, Lowe's closed Thanksgiving

For these retailers, Thanksgiving Day closures aren't a new concept but a holiday tradition. Costco also stays closed for other holidays, including New Year's Day, Easter, Memorial Day and Labor Day.

Costco is traditionally closed on Thanksgiving.

Macy's Thanksgiving parade features Toys R Us' Geoffrey

Macy's is closed for Thanksgiving but it had its annual holiday parade Thursday. This year, Geoffrey, the Toys R Us mascot joined in the festivities.

In August, the department store chain and Toys R Us announced they were teaming up to open toy shops in more than 400 department stores nationwide starting in 2022. Toys R Us are also now for sale on Macy's website.

Macy's stores open at 6 a.m. Black Friday.

►Macy's Black Friday 2021 deals are live: Shop mega markdowns on All-Clad, KitchenAid and more

Macy's Thanksgiving Day parade: Macy’s Thanksgiving parade returns with balloons, new floats and holiday performances

Thanksgiving 2021: More stores closed

Here are the major retailers staying closed on Thanksgiving Day:

►Thanksgiving dinner costs more: Here are tips on how to save and ways to find a free turkey

►Black Friday TV deals you can shop right now: The best deals at Walmart, Amazon, Best Buy, and more

Grocery stores closed Thanksgiving 2021

►What grocery stores are open on Thanksgiving?: Kroger, Albertsons, Safeway, Whole Foods and more

►Thanksgiving 2021: Many Starbucks, McDonald's, Dunkin' and Applebee's open, but Taco Bell closed

What is open Thanksgiving? Here are non-grocery stores

Many gas station convenience stores will be open normal hours Thursday. Check with your store before heading out. Because of state laws, expect Maine, Massachusetts and Rhode Island stores to remain closed on Thanksgiving.

7-Eleven

Bass Pro Shops: Open 9 a.m.

Big Lots: 7 a.m. to 9 p.m.

Cabela's: Open 9 a.m.

Circle K

Cumberland Farms

CVS: Most locations open regular hours but most pharmacies will be closed.

Dollar General: 7 a.m. to 10 p.m.

Dollar Tree: Most stores will be open with shorter hours.

Family Dollar: Most stores will be open with shorter hours.

GameStop: Varies, not all locations are open but some are open 5 to 9 p.m.

Gopuff

Instacart

Maverik – Adventure’s First Stop

Love's Travel Stops

Pilot Flying J

Rite Aid: Most locations open regular hours but most pharmacies will be closed.

Sheetz

Shipt

TravelCenters of America

Walgreens: Most locations open regular hours but most pharmacies will be closed.

Wawa

More stores: Smaller chains and local stores may also be open on Thanksgiving. Some will post special hours on social media.

Follow USA TODAY reporter Kelly Tyko on Twitter: @KellyTyko. For shopping news, tips and deals, join us on our Shopping Ninjas Facebook group.

This article originally appeared on USA TODAY: Thanksgiving stores closed: Walmart, Costco, Target, Best Buy, Macy's

Источник: https://ca.sports.yahoo.com/news/stores-closed-thanksgiving-2021-walmart-080004685.html?src=rss

COSTCO WHOLESALE #0470, 5301 Almaden EX, San Jose, CA 95118 - Restaurant inspection findings and violations

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Restaurant: COSTCO WHOLESALE #0470
Address: 5301 Almaden EX, San Jose, CA 95118
Total inspections: 5
Last inspection: Apr 4, 2011

Score
(the higher the better)
100

Inspection findings

Inspection Date

Inspection Score
(the higher the better)

  • Adequate handwash facilities supplied & acc...
Sep 22, 2009 99
  • Adequate handwash facilities supplied & acc...
  • Hot and cold water available
Apr 21, 2010 98
  • Adequate handwash facilities supplied & acc...
  • Hot and cold water available
Apr 21, 2010 98
  • Time as a PH control procedures & records
Sep 9, 2010 99
No violation noted during this evaluation. Apr 4, 2011 100



Name

Address

Distance

SUBWAY #458775353 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
BOGEY'S PIZZA5039 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
TANDORI BISTRO5353 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
YOGURT DELITE4750 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
ALMADEN DONUTS4750 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
SUBWAY SANDWICHES #31334750 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
SAFEWAY #15744950 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
BURRITO FACTORY #14750 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
ERIK'S DELI CAFE BRANHAM SQ4611 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
CLASSICO CAFE5005 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
LUNCHSTOP AT SANTA CLARA VALLEY WA5700 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
HOUSE OF BAGELS OF ALMADEN5353 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
MAHALO HAWAII BBQ4750 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
UMI SUSHI5353 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
BARNES & NOBLE BOOKSELLERS INC5353 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
WING'S CHINESE FAST FOOD5353 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
STARBUCKS COFFEE #68275353 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
AFC SUSHI @ SAFEWAY #15744950 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
KALINKA5025 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
LA VICTORIA TAQUERIA #35015 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
ORANGE LEAF FROZEN YOGURT5353 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
YOGURTLAND5011 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
BASKIN ROBBINS ICE CREAM #1845353 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
SCRAMBL'Z5055 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
BRITTANIA ARMS5027 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
HAPPI HOUSE #65353 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
FRESH CHOICE5353 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
MCDONALD'S #315334800 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
JACK IN THE BOX #4584602 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
RED LOBSTER RESTAURANT #3825343 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
CHEVY'S FRESH MEX RESTAURANT5305 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
PIZZA HUT #2833224605 Cherry Avenue, San Jose0.10 mile

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Источник: http://www.city-data.com/santa-clara-county-restaurants/costco-wholesale-0470.html

How to get to Costco in San Jose by Bus, Light Rail or Train?

Public Transportation to Costco in San Jose

Wondering how to get to Costco in San Jose, United States? Moovit helps you find the best way to get to Costco with step-by-step directions from the nearest public transit station.

Moovit provides free maps and live directions to help you navigate through your city. View schedules, routes, timetables, and find out how long does it take to get to Costco in real time.

Looking for the nearest stop or station to Costco? Check out this list of stops closest to your destination: Lundy & Hostetter (N); Flickinger & Villagetree (S); Hostetter & Grovetree (E); Lundy & Commerce (S); Berryessa / North San Jose.

You can get to Costco by Bus, Light Rail or Train. These are the lines and routes that have stops nearby - Bus: 60, 77

Want to see if there’s another route that gets you there at an earlier time? Moovit helps you find alternative routes or times. Get directions from and directions to Costco easily from the Moovit App or Website.

We make riding to Costco easy, which is why over 930 million users, including users in San Jose, trust Moovit as the best app for public transit. You don’t need to download an individual bus app or train app, Moovit is your all-in-one transit app that helps you find the best bus time or train time available.

For information on prices of Bus, Light Rail and Train, costs and ride fares to Costco, please check the Moovit app.

Источник: https://moovitapp.com/index/en/public_transit-Costco-SF_Bay_Area_CA-site_7732249-22

List of S&P 500 companies

SymbolSecuritySEC filingsGICS SectorGICS Sub-IndustryHeadquarters LocationDate first addedCIKFounded MMM3MreportsIndustrialsIndustrial ConglomeratesSaint Paul, Minnesota1976-08-0900000667401902 ABTAbbott LaboratoriesreportsHealth CareHealth Care EquipmentNorth Chicago, Illinois1964-03-3100000018001888 ABBVAbbViereportsHealth CarePharmaceuticalsNorth Chicago, Illinois2012-12-3100015511522013 (1888) ABMDAbiomedreportsHealth CareHealth Care EquipmentDanvers, Massachusetts2018-05-3100008150941981 ACNAccenturereportsInformation TechnologyIT Consulting & Other ServicesDublin, Ireland2011-07-0600014673731989 ATVIActivision BlizzardreportsCommunication ServicesInteractive Home EntertainmentSanta Monica, California2015-08-3100007188772008 ADBEAdobereportsInformation TechnologyApplication SoftwareSan Jose, California1997-05-0500007963431982 AMDAdvanced Micro DevicesreportsInformation TechnologySemiconductorsSanta Clara, California00000024881969 AAPAdvance Auto PartsreportsConsumer DiscretionaryAutomotive RetailRaleigh, North Carolina2015-07-0900011584491932 AESAES CorpreportsUtilitiesIndependent Power Producers & Energy TradersArlington, Virginia1998-10-0200008747611981 AFLAflacreportsFinancialsLife & Health InsuranceColumbus, Georgia1999-05-2800000049771955 AAgilent TechnologiesreportsHealth CareHealth Care EquipmentSanta Clara, California2000-06-0500010908721999 APDAir Products & ChemicalsreportsMaterialsIndustrial GasesAllentown, Pennsylvania1985-04-3000000029691940 AKAMAkamai TechnologiesreportsInformation TechnologyInternet Services & InfrastructureCambridge, Massachusetts2007-07-1200010862221998 ALKAlaska Air GroupreportsIndustrialsAirlinesSeattle, Washington2016-05-1300007664211985 ALBAlbemarle CorporationreportsMaterialsSpecialty ChemicalsCharlotte, North Carolina2016-07-0100009159131994 AREAlexandria Real Estate EquitiesreportsReal EstateOffice REITsPasadena, California2017-03-2000010354431994 ALGNAlign TechnologyreportsHealth CareHealth Care SuppliesSan Jose, California2017-06-1900010971491997 ALLEAllegionreportsIndustrialsBuilding ProductsNew York City, New York2013-12-0200015792411908 LNTAlliant EnergyreportsUtilitiesElectric UtilitiesMadison, Wisconsin2016-07-0100003525411917 ALLAllstate CorpreportsFinancialsProperty & Casualty InsuranceNorthfield Township, Illinois1995-07-1300008990511931 GOOGLAlphabet (Class A)reportsCommunication ServicesInteractive Media & ServicesMountain View, California2014-04-0300016520441998 GOOGAlphabet (Class C)reportsCommunication ServicesInteractive Media & ServicesMountain View, California2006-04-0300016520441998 MOAltria GroupreportsConsumer StaplesTobaccoRichmond, Virginia1957-03-0400007641801985 AMZNAmazonreportsConsumer DiscretionaryInternet & Direct Marketing RetailSeattle, Washington2005-11-1800010187241994 AMCRAmcorreportsMaterialsPaper PackagingZurich, Switzerland2019-06-0700017487902019 (1860) AEEAmeren CorpreportsUtilitiesMulti-UtilitiesSt. Louis, Missouri1991-09-1900010029101902 AALAmerican Airlines GroupreportsIndustrialsAirlinesFort Worth, Texas2015-03-2300000062011934 AEPAmerican Electric PowerreportsUtilitiesElectric UtilitiesColumbus, Ohio1957-03-0400000049041906 AXPAmerican ExpressreportsFinancialsConsumer FinanceNew York City, New York1976-06-3000000049621850 AIGAmerican International GroupreportsFinancialsProperty & Casualty InsuranceNew York City, New York1980-03-3100000052721919 AMTAmerican TowerreportsReal EstateSpecialized REITsBoston, Massachusetts2007-11-190001053507 1995 AWKAmerican Water WorksreportsUtilitiesWater UtilitiesCamden, New Jersey2016-03-040001410636 1886 AMPAmeriprise FinancialreportsFinancialsAsset Management & Custody BanksMinneapolis, Minnesota2005-10-030000820027 1894 ABCAmerisourceBergenreportsHealth CareHealth Care DistributorsChesterbrook, Pennsylvania2001-08-300001140859 1985 AMEAmetekreportsIndustrialsElectrical Components & EquipmentBerwyn, Pennsylvania2013-09-230001037868 1930 AMGNAmgenreportsHealth CareBiotechnologyThousand Oaks, California1992-01-020000318154 1980 APHAmphenolreportsInformation TechnologyElectronic ComponentsWallingford, Connecticut2008-09-3000008203131932 ADIAnalog DevicesreportsInformation TechnologySemiconductorsWilmington, Massachusetts1999-10-120000006281 1965 ANSSAnsysreportsInformation TechnologyApplication SoftwareCanonsburg, Pennsylvania2017-06-190001013462 1969 ANTMAnthemreportsHealth CareManaged Health CareIndianapolis, Indiana2002-07-250001156039 2014 (1946) AONAonreportsFinancialsInsurance BrokersLondon, UK1996-04-230000315293 1982 (1919) AOSA. O. SmithreportsIndustrialsBuilding ProductsMilwaukee, Wisconsin2017-07-260000091142 1916 APAAPA CorporationreportsEnergyOil & Gas Exploration & ProductionHouston, Texas1997-07-280000006769 1954 AAPLApplereportsInformation TechnologyTechnology Hardware, Storage & PeripheralsCupertino, California1982-11-300000320193 1977 AMATApplied MaterialsreportsInformation TechnologySemiconductor EquipmentSanta Clara, California1995-03-160000006951 1967 APTVAptivreportsConsumer DiscretionaryAuto Parts & EquipmentDublin, Ireland2012-12-240001521332 1994 ADMADMreportsConsumer StaplesAgricultural ProductsChicago, Illinois1981-07-290000007084 1902 ANETArista NetworksreportsInformation TechnologyCommunications EquipmentSanta Clara, California2018-08-2800015965322004 AJGArthur J. Gallagher & Co.reportsFinancialsInsurance BrokersRolling Meadows, Illinois2016-05-310000354190 1927 AIZAssurantreportsFinancialsMulti-line InsuranceNew York City, New York2007-04-100001267238 1892 TAT&TreportsCommunication ServicesIntegrated Telecommunication ServicesDallas, Texas1983-11-30 (1957-03-04)00007327171983 (1885) ATOAtmos EnergyreportsUtilitiesGas UtilitiesDallas, Texas2019-02-1500007318021906 ADSKAutodeskreportsInformation TechnologyApplication SoftwareSan Rafael, California1989-12-010000769397 1982 ADPAutomatic Data ProcessingreportsInformation TechnologyData Processing & Outsourced ServicesRoseland, New Jersey1981-03-310000008670 1949 AZOAutoZonereportsConsumer DiscretionarySpecialty StoresMemphis, Tennessee1997-01-020000866787 1979 AVBAvalonBay CommunitiesreportsReal EstateResidential REITsArlington, Virginia[3]2007-01-100000915912 1978 AVYAvery DennisonreportsMaterialsPaper PackagingGlendale, California1987-12-310000008818 1990 BKRBaker HughesreportsEnergyOil & Gas Equipment & ServicesHouston, Texas2017-07-0700017016052017 BLLBall CorpreportsMaterialsMetal & Glass ContainersBroomfield, Colorado1984-10-3100000093891880 BACBank of AmericareportsFinancialsDiversified BanksCharlotte, North Carolina1976-06-300000070858 1998 (1923 / 1874) BBWIBath & Body WorksreportsConsumer DiscretionarySpecialty StoresColumbus, Ohio1983-09-300000701985 1963 BAXBaxter InternationalreportsHealth CareHealth Care EquipmentDeerfield, Illinois1972-09-3000000104561931 BDXBecton DickinsonreportsHealth CareHealth Care EquipmentFranklin Lakes, New Jersey1972-09-3000000107951897 BRK.BBerkshire HathawayreportsFinancialsMulti-Sector HoldingsOmaha, Nebraska2010-02-160001067983 1839 BBYBest BuyreportsConsumer DiscretionaryComputer & Electronics RetailRichfield, Minnesota1999-06-290000764478 1966 BIOBio-Rad LaboratoriesreportsHealth CareLife Sciences Tools & ServicesHercules, California2020-06-220000012208 1952 TECHBio-TechnereportsHealth CareLife Sciences Tools & ServicesMinneapolis, Minnesota2021-08-300000842023 1976 BIIBBiogenreportsHealth CareBiotechnologyCambridge, Massachusetts2003-11-130000875045 1978 BLKBlackRockreportsFinancialsAsset Management & Custody BanksNew York City, New York2011-04-040001364742 1988 BKBNY MellonreportsFinancialsAsset Management & Custody BanksNew York City, New York1995-03-3100013907771784 BABoeingreportsIndustrialsAerospace & DefenseChicago, Illinois1957-03-0400000129271916 BKNGBooking HoldingsreportsConsumer DiscretionaryInternet & Direct Marketing RetailNorwalk, Connecticut2009-11-060001075531 1996 BWABorgWarnerreportsConsumer DiscretionaryAuto Parts & EquipmentAuburn Hills, Michigan2011-12-190000908255 1880 BXPBoston PropertiesreportsReal EstateOffice REITsBoston, Massachusetts2006-04-030001037540 1970 BSXBoston ScientificreportsHealth CareHealth Care EquipmentMarlborough, Massachusetts[4]1995-02-240000885725 1979 BMYBristol Myers SquibbreportsHealth CareHealth Care DistributorsNew York City, New York1957-03-0400000142721989 AVGOBroadcomreportsInformation TechnologySemiconductorsSan Jose, California2014-05-0800017301681961 BRBroadridge Financial SolutionsreportsInformation TechnologyData Processing & Outsourced ServicesLake Success, New York2018-06-1800013833121962 BROBrown & BrownreportsFinancialsInsurance BrokersDaytona Beach, Florida2021-09-2000000792821939 BF.BBrown–FormanreportsConsumer StaplesDistillers & VintnersLouisville, Kentucky1982-10-3100000146931870 CHRWC. H. RobinsonreportsIndustrialsAir Freight & LogisticsEden Prairie, Minnesota2007-03-0200010432771905 CDNSCadence Design SystemsreportsInformation TechnologyApplication SoftwareSan Jose, California2017-09-1800008136721988 CZRCaesars EntertainmentreportsConsumer DiscretionaryCasinos & GamingReno, Nevada2021-03-2200015908951973 CPBCampbell SoupreportsConsumer StaplesPackaged Foods & MeatsCamden, New Jersey1957-03-0400000167321869 COFCapital OnereportsFinancialsConsumer FinanceTysons Corner, Virginia1998-07-0100009276281994 CAHCardinal HealthreportsHealth CareHealth Care DistributorsDublin, Ohio1997-05-2700007213711971 KMXCarMaxreportsConsumer DiscretionarySpecialty StoresRichmond, Virginia2010-06-2800011700101993 CCLCarnival CorporationreportsConsumer DiscretionaryHotels, Resorts & Cruise LinesMiami, Florida1998-12-2200008150971972 CARRCarrier GlobalreportsIndustrialsBuilding ProductsPalm Beach Gardens, Florida2020-04-030001783180 2020 (1915) CTLTCatalentreportsHealth CarePharmaceuticalsSomerset, New Jersey2020-09-2100015967832007 CATCaterpillarreportsIndustrialsConstruction Machinery & Heavy TrucksDeerfield, Illinois1957-03-0400000182301925 CBOECboe Global MarketsreportsFinancialsFinancial Exchanges & DataChicago, Illinois2017-03-0100013743101973 CBRECBREreportsReal EstateReal Estate ServicesDallas, Texas2006-11-1000011381181906 CDWCDWreportsInformation TechnologyTechnology DistributorsLincolnshire, Illinois2019-09-2300014020571984 CECelanesereportsMaterialsSpecialty ChemicalsIrving, Texas2018-12-2400013068301918 CNCCentenereportsHealth CareManaged Health CareSt. Louis, Missouri2016-03-3000010717391984 CNPCenterPoint EnergyreportsUtilitiesMulti-UtilitiesHouston, Texas1985-07-3100011303101882 CDAYCeridianreportsInformation TechnologyApplication SoftwareMinneapolis, Minnesota2021-09-2000017250571992 CERNCernerreportsHealth CareHealth Care TechnologyNorth Kansas City, Missouri2010-04-3000008047531979 CFCF IndustriesreportsMaterialsFertilizers & Agricultural ChemicalsDeerfield, Illinois2008-08-2700013244041946 CRLCharles River LaboratoriesreportsHealth CareLife Sciences Tools & ServicesWilmington, Massachusetts2021-05-1400011006821947 SCHWCharles SchwabreportsFinancialsInvestment Banking & BrokerageWestlake, Texas1997-06-0200003167091971 CHTRCharter CommunicationsreportsCommunication ServicesCable & SatelliteStamford, Connecticut2016-09-0800010916671993 CVXChevronreportsEnergyIntegrated Oil & GasSan Ramon, California1957-03-0400000934101879 CMGChipotle Mexican GrillreportsConsumer DiscretionaryRestaurantsNewport Beach, California2011-04-2800010580901993 CBChubbreportsFinancialsProperty & Casualty InsuranceZurich, Switzerland2010-07-1500008961591985 CHDChurch & DwightreportsConsumer StaplesHousehold ProductsEwing, New Jersey2015-12-2900003139271847 CICignareportsHealth CareManaged Health CareBloomfield, Connecticut1976-06-300001739940 1982 CINFCincinnati FinancialreportsFinancialsProperty & Casualty InsuranceFairfield, Ohio1997-12-1800000202861950 CTASCintas CorporationreportsIndustrialsDiversified Support ServicesMason, Ohio2001-03-0100007232541929 CSCOCisco SystemsreportsInformation TechnologyCommunications EquipmentSan Jose, California1993-12-0100008588771984 CCitigroupreportsFinancialsDiversified BanksNew York City, New York1988-05-3100008310011998 CFGCitizens Financial GroupreportsFinancialsRegional BanksProvidence, Rhode Island2016-01-2900007599441828 CTXSCitrix SystemsreportsInformation TechnologyApplication SoftwareFort Lauderdale, Florida1999-12-0100008778901989 CLXCloroxreportsConsumer StaplesHousehold ProductsOakland, California1969-03-3100000210761913 CMECME GroupreportsFinancialsFinancial Exchanges & DataChicago, Illinois2006-08-1100011563751848 CMSCMS EnergyreportsUtilitiesMulti-UtilitiesJackson, Michigan1999-05-0300008111561886 KOCoca-ColareportsConsumer StaplesSoft DrinksAtlanta, Georgia1957-03-0400000213441886 CTSHCognizant Technology SolutionsreportsInformation TechnologyIT Consulting & Other ServicesTeaneck, New Jersey2006-11-1700010582901994 CLColgate-PalmolivereportsConsumer StaplesHousehold ProductsNew York City, New York1957-03-0400000216651806 CMCSAComcastreportsCommunication ServicesCable & SatellitePhiladelphia, Pennsylvania2002-11-1900011666911963 CMAComericareportsFinancialsDiversified BanksDallas, Texas1995-12-0100000284121849 CAGConagra BrandsreportsConsumer StaplesPackaged Foods & MeatsChicago, Illinois1983-08-310000023217 1919 COPConocoPhillipsreportsEnergyOil & Gas Exploration & ProductionHouston, Texas1957-03-0400011631652002 EDConsolidated EdisonreportsUtilitiesElectric UtilitiesNew York City, New York00010478621823 STZConstellation BrandsreportsConsumer StaplesDistillers & VintnersVictor, New York2005-07-0100000169181945 COOThe Cooper CompaniesreportsHealth CareHealth Care SuppliesSan Ramon, California2016-09-2300007114041958 CPRTCopartreportsIndustrialsDiversified Support ServicesDallas, Texas2018-07-0200009000751982 GLWCorningreportsInformation TechnologyElectronic ComponentsCorning, New York00000247411851 CTVACortevareportsMaterialsFertilizers & Agricultural ChemicalsWilmington, Delaware2019-06-0300017556722019 COSTCostcoreportsConsumer StaplesHypermarkets & Super CentersIssaquah, Washington1993-10-0100009098321976 CTRACoterrareportsEnergyOil & Gas Exploration & ProductionHouston, Texas2008-06-2300008584702021 (1989) CCICrown CastlereportsReal EstateSpecialized REITsHouston, Texas2012-03-1400010514701994 CSXCSXreportsIndustrialsRailroadsJacksonville, Florida1967-09-3000002779481980 CMICumminsreportsIndustrialsIndustrial MachineryColumbus, Indiana1965-03-3100000261721919 CVSCVS HealthreportsHealth CareHealth Care ServicesWoonsocket, Rhode Island1957-03-0400000648031996 DHID. R. HortonreportsConsumer DiscretionaryHomebuildingArlington, Texas2005-06-2200008821841978 DHRDanaherreportsHealth CareHealth Care EquipmentWashington, D.C.00003136161969 DRIDarden RestaurantsreportsConsumer DiscretionaryRestaurantsOrlando, Florida00009409441938 DVADaVitareportsHealth CareHealth Care FacilitiesDenver, Colorado2008-07-3100009270661979 DEDeere & Co.reportsIndustrialsAgricultural & Farm MachineryMoline, Illinois1957-03-0400003151891837 DALDelta Air LinesreportsIndustrialsAirlinesAtlanta, Georgia2013-09-1100000279041929 XRAYDentsply SironareportsHealth CareHealth Care SuppliesCharlotte, North Carolina2008-11-140000818479 2016 (1969) DVNDevon EnergyreportsEnergyOil & Gas Exploration & ProductionOklahoma City, Oklahoma2000-08-3000010900121971 DXCMDexComreportsHealth CareHealth Care EquipmentSan Diego, California2020-05-1200010935571999 FANGDiamondback EnergyreportsEnergyOil & Gas Exploration & ProductionMidland, Texas2018-12-0300015398382007 DLRDigital Realty TrustreportsReal EstateSpecialized REITsAustin, Texas2016-05-180001297996 2004 DFSDiscover Financial ServicesreportsFinancialsConsumer FinanceRiverwoods, Illinois2007-07-020001393612 1985 DISCADiscovery (Series A)reportsCommunication ServicesBroadcastingNew York City, New York2010-03-0100014371071985 DISCKDiscovery (Series C)reportsCommunication ServicesBroadcastingNew York City, New York2014-08-0700014371071985 DISHDish NetworkreportsCommunication ServicesCable & SatelliteMeridian, Colorado2017-03-1300010010821980 DGDollar GeneralreportsConsumer DiscretionaryGeneral Merchandise StoresGoodlettsville, Tennessee2012-12-0300000295341939 DLTRDollar TreereportsConsumer DiscretionaryGeneral Merchandise StoresChesapeake, Virginia2011-12-1900009357031986 DDominion EnergyreportsUtilitiesElectric UtilitiesRichmond, Virginia00007159571983 DPZDomino's PizzareportsConsumer DiscretionaryRestaurantsAnn Arbor, Michigan2020-05-1200012866811960 DOVDover CorporationreportsIndustrialsIndustrial MachineryDowners Grove, Illinois1985-10-3100000299051955 DOWDowreportsMaterialsCommodity ChemicalsMidland, Michigan2019-04-0100017517882019 DTEDTE EnergyreportsUtilitiesMulti-UtilitiesDetroit, Michigan1957-03-0400009363401995 DUKDuke EnergyreportsUtilitiesElectric UtilitiesCharlotte, North Carolina1976-06-300001326160 1904 DREDuke Realty CorpreportsReal EstateIndustrial REITsIndianapolis, Indiana2017-07-2600007832801972 DDDuPontreportsMaterialsSpecialty ChemicalsWilmington, Delaware2019-04-0200016667002017 DXCDXC TechnologyreportsInformation TechnologyIT Consulting & Other ServicesTysons Corner, Virginia2017-04-0400016885682017 EMNEastman ChemicalreportsMaterialsDiversified ChemicalsKingsport, Tennessee1994-01-0100009153891920 ETNEaton CorporationreportsIndustrialsElectrical Components & EquipmentDublin, Ireland00015511821911 EBAYeBayreportsConsumer DiscretionaryInternet & Direct Marketing RetailSan Jose, California2002-07-2200010650881995 ECLEcolabreportsMaterialsSpecialty ChemicalsSaint Paul, Minnesota1989-01-3100000314621923 EIXEdison InternationalreportsUtilitiesElectric UtilitiesRosemead, California1957-03-0400008270521886 EWEdwards LifesciencesreportsHealth CareHealth Care EquipmentIrvine, California2011-04-0100010998001958 EAElectronic ArtsreportsCommunication ServicesInteractive Home EntertainmentRedwood City, California2002-07-2200007125151982 EMREmerson ElectricreportsIndustrialsElectrical Components & EquipmentFerguson, Missouri1965-03-3100000326041890 ENPHEnphase EnergyreportsInformation TechnologyElectronic ComponentsFremont, California2021-01-0700014631012006 ETREntergyreportsUtilitiesElectric UtilitiesNew Orleans, Louisiana1957-03-0400000659841913 EOGEOG ResourcesreportsEnergyOil & Gas Exploration & ProductionHouston, Texas2000-11-0200008211891999 EFXEquifaxreportsIndustrialsResearch & Consulting ServicesAtlanta, Georgia1997-06-1900000331851899 EQIXEquinixreportsReal EstateSpecialized REITsRedwood City, California2015-03-2000011012391998 EQREquity ResidentialreportsReal EstateResidential REITsChicago, Illinois2001-12-0300009061071969 ESSEssex Property TrustreportsReal EstateResidential REITsSan Mateo, California2014-04-0200009205221971 ELEstée Lauder CompaniesreportsConsumer StaplesPersonal ProductsNew York City, New York2006-01-0500010012501946 ETSYEtsyreportsConsumer DiscretionaryInternet & Direct Marketing RetailNew York City, New York2020-09-2100013706372005 EVRGEvergyreportsUtilitiesElectric UtilitiesKansas City, Missouri2018-06-0500017112691909 ESEversource EnergyreportsUtilitiesMulti-UtilitiesHartford, Connecticut00000727411966 REEverest RereportsFinancialsReinsuranceHamilton, Bermuda2017-06-1900010950731973 EXCExelonreportsUtilitiesMulti-UtilitiesChicago, Illinois1957-03-0400011093572000 EXPEExpedia GroupreportsConsumer DiscretionaryInternet & Direct Marketing RetailSeattle, Washington2007-10-020001324424 1996 EXPDExpeditorsreportsIndustrialsAir Freight & LogisticsSeattle, Washington2007-10-1000007465151979 EXRExtra Space StoragereportsReal EstateSpecialized REITsSalt Lake City, Utah2016-01-1900012894901977 XOMExxonMobilreportsEnergyIntegrated Oil & GasIrving, Texas1957-03-0400000340881999 FFIVF5reportsInformation TechnologyCommunications EquipmentSeattle, Washington2010-12-2000010486951996 FASTFastenalreportsIndustrialsBuilding ProductsWinona, Minnesota2008-09-1500008155561967 FRTFederal Realty Investment TrustreportsReal EstateRetail REITsRockville, Maryland2016-02-0100000349031962 FDXFedExreportsIndustrialsAir Freight & LogisticsMemphis, Tennessee1980-12-310001048911 1971 FISFidelity National Information ServicesreportsInformation TechnologyData Processing & Outsourced ServicesJacksonville, Florida2006-11-1000011368931968 FITBFifth Third BancorpreportsFinancialsRegional BanksCincinnati, Ohio00000355271858 FEFirstEnergyreportsUtilitiesElectric UtilitiesAkron, Ohio00010312961997 FRCFirst Republic BankreportsFinancialsRegional BanksSan Francisco, California2019-01-0200011329791985 FISVFiservreportsInformation TechnologyData Processing & Outsourced ServicesBrookfield, Wisconsin2001-04-0200007983541984 FLTFleetcorreportsInformation TechnologyData Processing & Outsourced ServicesNorcross, Georgia2018-06-2000011754542000 FMCFMC CorporationreportsMaterialsFertilizers & Agricultural ChemicalsPhiladelphia, Pennsylvania2009-08-1900000377851883 FFordreportsConsumer DiscretionaryAutomobile ManufacturersDearborn, Michigan1957-03-0400000379961903 FTNTFortinetreportsInformation TechnologySystems SoftwareSunnyvale, California2018-10-1100012620392000 FTVFortivereportsIndustrialsIndustrial MachineryEverett, Washington2016-07-0100016591662016 FBHSFortune Brands Home & SecurityreportsIndustrialsBuilding ProductsDeerfield, Illinois2016-06-220001519751 2011 (1969) FOXAFox Corporation (Class A)reportsCommunication ServicesMovies & EntertainmentNew York City, New York2013-07-010001754301 2019 FOXFox Corporation (Class B)reportsCommunication ServicesMovies & EntertainmentNew York City, New York2015-09-180001754301 2019 BENFranklin ResourcesreportsFinancialsAsset Management & Custody BanksSan Mateo, California00000387771947 FCXFreeport-McMoRanreportsMaterialsCopperPhoenix, Arizona00008312591912 GPSGapreportsConsumer DiscretionaryApparel RetailSan Francisco, California1986-08-3100000399111969 GRMNGarminreportsConsumer DiscretionaryConsumer ElectronicsSchaffhausen, Switzerland2012-12-1200011217881989 ITGartnerreportsInformation TechnologyIT Consulting & Other ServicesStamford, Connecticut2017-04-0500007492511979 GNRCGenerac HoldingsreportsIndustrialsElectrical Components & EquipmentWaukesha, Wisconsin2021-03-2200014747351959 GDGeneral DynamicsreportsIndustrialsAerospace & DefenseFalls Church, Virginia1957-03-0400000405331899 GEGeneral ElectricreportsIndustrialsIndustrial ConglomeratesBoston, Massachusetts00000405451892 GISGeneral MillsreportsConsumer StaplesPackaged Foods & MeatsGolden Valley, Minnesota1969-03-3100000407041856 GMGeneral MotorsreportsConsumer DiscretionaryAutomobile ManufacturersDetroit, Michigan2013-06-060001467858 1908 GPCGenuine PartsreportsConsumer DiscretionarySpecialty StoresAtlanta, Georgia1973-12-3100000409871925 GILDGilead SciencesreportsHealth CareBiotechnologyFoster City, California2004-07-0100008820951987 GLGlobe LifereportsFinancialsLife & Health InsuranceMcKinney, Texas1989-04-3000003203351900 GPNGlobal PaymentsreportsInformation TechnologyData Processing & Outsourced ServicesAtlanta, Georgia2016-04-2500011233602000 GSGoldman SachsreportsFinancialsInvestment Banking & BrokerageNew York City, New York2002-07-2200008869821869 GWWW. W. GraingerreportsIndustrialsIndustrial MachineryLake Forest, Illinois1981-06-300000277135 1927 HALHalliburtonreportsEnergyOil & Gas Equipment & ServicesHouston, Texas1957-03-0400000450121919 HBIHanesbrandsreportsConsumer DiscretionaryApparel, Accessories & Luxury GoodsWinston-Salem, North Carolina2015-03-2000013598412000 HIGThe HartfordreportsFinancialsProperty & Casualty InsuranceHartford, Connecticut1957-03-040000874766 1810 HASHasbroreportsConsumer DiscretionaryLeisure ProductsPawtucket, Rhode Island1984-09-3000000460801923 HCAHCA HealthcarereportsHealth CareHealth Care FacilitiesNashville, Tennessee2015-01-2700008607301968 PEAKHealthpeak PropertiesreportsReal EstateHealth Care REITsLong Beach, California2008-03-3100007658801985 HSICHenry ScheinreportsHealth CareHealth Care DistributorsMelville, New York2015-03-1700010002281932 HSYThe Hershey CompanyreportsConsumer StaplesPackaged Foods & MeatsHershey, Pennsylvania1957-03-0400000471111894 HESHess CorporationreportsEnergyIntegrated Oil & GasNew York City, New York1984-05-3100000044471919 HPEHewlett Packard EnterprisereportsInformation TechnologyTechnology Hardware, Storage & PeripheralsHouston, Texas2015-11-0200016455902015 HLTHilton WorldwidereportsConsumer DiscretionaryHotels, Resorts & Cruise LinesTysons Corner, Virginia2017-06-1900015856891919 HOLXHologicreportsHealth CareHealth Care EquipmentMarlborough, Massachusetts2016-03-3000008597371985 HDHome DepotreportsConsumer DiscretionaryHome Improvement RetailAtlanta, Georgia1988-03-3100003549501978 HONHoneywellreportsIndustrialsIndustrial ConglomeratesCharlotte, North Carolina1964-03-3100007738401906 HRLHormelreportsConsumer StaplesPackaged Foods & MeatsAustin, Minnesota2009-03-0400000484651891 HSTHost Hotels & ResortsreportsReal EstateHotel & Resort REITsBethesda, Maryland2007-03-2000010707501993 HWMHowmet AerospacereportsIndustrialsAerospace & DefensePittsburgh, Pennsylvania1964-03-3100000042812016 HPQHPreportsInformation TechnologyTechnology Hardware, Storage & PeripheralsPalo Alto, California1974-12-3100000472171939 (2015) HUMHumanareportsHealth CareManaged Health CareLouisville, Kentucky00000490711961 HBANHuntington BancsharesreportsFinancialsRegional BanksColumbus, Ohio; Detroit, Michigan00000491961866 HIIHuntington Ingalls IndustriesreportsIndustrialsAerospace & DefenseNewport News, Virginia2018-01-030001501585 2011 IEXIDEX CorporationreportsIndustrialsIndustrial MachineryLake Forest, Illinois2019-08-0900008321011988 IDXXIdexx LaboratoriesreportsHealth CareHealth Care EquipmentWestbrook, Maine2017-01-0500008747161983 INFOIHS MarkitreportsIndustrialsResearch & Consulting ServicesLondon, England2017-06-020001598014 1959 ITWIllinois Tool WorksreportsIndustrialsIndustrial MachineryGlenview, Illinois1986-02-2800000498261912 ILMNIlluminareportsHealth CareLife Sciences Tools & ServicesSan Diego, California2015-11-1900011108031998 INCYIncytereportsHealth CareBiotechnologyWilmington, Delaware2017-02-2800008791691991 IRIngersoll RandreportsIndustrialsIndustrial MachineryMilwaukee, Wisconsin2020-03-0300016991501859 INTCIntelreportsInformation TechnologySemiconductorsSanta Clara, California1976-12-310000050863 1968 ICEIntercontinental ExchangereportsFinancialsFinancial Exchanges & DataAtlanta, Georgia2007-09-2600015719492000 IBMIBMreportsInformation TechnologyIT Consulting & Other ServicesArmonk, New York1957-03-0400000511431911 IPInternational PaperreportsMaterialsPaper PackagingMemphis, Tennessee1957-03-0400000514341898 IPGInterpublic GroupreportsCommunication ServicesAdvertisingNew York City, New York1992-10-0100000516441961 (1930) IFFInternational Flavors & FragrancesreportsMaterialsSpecialty ChemicalsNew York City, New York1976-03-310000051253 1958 (1889) INTUIntuitreportsInformation TechnologyApplication SoftwareMountain View, California2000-12-0500008968781983 ISRGIntuitive SurgicalreportsHealth CareHealth Care EquipmentSunnyvale, California2008-06-0200010352671995 IVZInvescoreportsFinancialsAsset Management & Custody BanksAtlanta, Georgia2008-08-2100009142081935 IPGPIPG PhotonicsreportsInformation TechnologyElectronic Manufacturing ServicesOxford, Massachusetts2018-03-0700011119281990 IQVIQVIAreportsHealth CareLife Sciences Tools & ServicesDurham, North Carolina2017-08-290001478242 1982 IRMIron MountainreportsReal EstateSpecialized REITsBoston, Massachusetts2009-01-0600010205691951 JKHYJack Henry & AssociatesreportsInformation TechnologyData Processing & Outsourced ServicesMonett, Missouri2018-11-1300007791521976 JJacobs Engineering GroupreportsIndustrialsConstruction & EngineeringDallas, Texas2007-10-2600000529881947 JBHTJ. B. HuntreportsIndustrialsTruckingLowell, Arkansas2015-07-0100007285351961 SJMJM SmuckerreportsConsumer StaplesPackaged Foods & MeatsOrrville, Ohio2008-11-0600000914191897 JNJJohnson & JohnsonreportsHealth CarePharmaceuticalsNew Brunswick, New Jersey1973-06-3000002004061886 JCIJohnson ControlsreportsIndustrialsBuilding ProductsCork, Ireland2010-08-2700008334441885 JPMJPMorgan ChasereportsFinancialsDiversified BanksNew York City, New York1975-06-300000019617 2000 (1799 / 1871) JNPRJuniper NetworksreportsInformation TechnologyCommunications EquipmentSunnyvale, California2006-06-0200010436041996 KSUKansas City SouthernreportsIndustrialsRailroadsKansas City, Missouri2013-05-2400000544801887 KKellogg'sreportsConsumer StaplesPackaged Foods & MeatsBattle Creek, Michigan1989-09-1100000550671906 KEYKeyCorpreportsFinancialsRegional BanksCleveland, Ohio1994-03-0100000915761825 KEYSKeysight TechnologiesreportsInformation TechnologyElectronic Equipment & InstrumentsSanta Rosa, California2018-11-0600016010462014 KMBKimberly-ClarkreportsConsumer StaplesHousehold ProductsIrving, Texas1957-03-0400000557851872 KIMKimco RealtyreportsReal EstateRetail REITsNew Hyde Park, New York2006-04-040000879101 1958 KMIKinder MorganreportsEnergyOil & Gas Storage & TransportationHouston, Texas2012-05-250001506307 1997 KLACKLA CorporationreportsInformation TechnologySemiconductor EquipmentMilpitas, California00003192011975/1977 (1997) KHCKraft HeinzreportsConsumer StaplesPackaged Foods & MeatsChicago, Illinois; Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania2015-07-0600016374592015 (1869) KRKrogerreportsConsumer StaplesFood RetailCincinnati, Ohio1957-03-0400000568731883 LHXL3Harris TechnologiesreportsIndustrialsAerospace & DefenseMelbourne, Florida2008-09-220000202058 2019 (1895) LHLabCorpreportsHealth CareHealth Care ServicesBurlington, North Carolina2004-11-0100009201481978 LRCXLam ResearchreportsInformation TechnologySemiconductor EquipmentFremont, California2012-06-2900007075491980 LWLamb WestonreportsConsumer StaplesPackaged Foods & MeatsEagle, Idaho2018-12-0300016792732016 (1950) LVSLas Vegas SandsreportsConsumer DiscretionaryCasinos & GamingLas Vegas, Nevada2019-10-0300013005141988 LEGLeggett & PlattreportsConsumer DiscretionaryHome FurnishingsCarthage, Missouri1999-10-1400000584921883 LDOSLeidosreportsIndustrialsDiversified Support ServicesReston, Virginia2019-08-0900013369201969 LENLennarreportsConsumer DiscretionaryHomebuildingMiami, Florida2005-10-040000920760 1954 LLYEli LillyreportsHealth CarePharmaceuticalsIndianapolis, Indiana1970-12-3100000594781876 LNCLincoln NationalreportsFinancialsMulti-line InsuranceRadnor, Pennsylvania1976-06-300000059558 1905 LINLindereportsMaterialsIndustrial GasesGuildford, England1992-07-0100017079251879 LYVLive Nation EntertainmentreportsCommunication ServicesMovies & EntertainmentBeverly Hills, California2019-12-2300013352582010 LKQLKQ CorporationreportsConsumer DiscretionaryDistributorsChicago, Illinois2016-05-2300010656961998 LMTLockheed MartinreportsIndustrialsAerospace & DefenseBethesda, Maryland1984-07-3100009364681995 LLoews CorporationreportsFinancialsMulti-line InsuranceNew York City, New York0000060086 1959 LOWLowe'sreportsConsumer DiscretionaryHome Improvement RetailMooresville, North Carolina1984-02-2900000606671904/1946/1959 LUMNLumen TechnologiesreportsCommunication ServicesAlternative CarriersMonroe, Louisiana1999-03-250000018926 1983 (1877) LYBLyondellBasellreportsMaterialsSpecialty ChemicalsRotterdam, Netherlands2012-09-050001489393 2007 MTBM&T BankreportsFinancialsRegional BanksBuffalo, New York2004-02-2300000362701856 MROMarathon OilreportsEnergyOil & Gas Exploration & ProductionHouston, Texas1991-05-0100001017781887 MPCMarathon PetroleumreportsEnergyOil & Gas Refining & MarketingFindlay, Ohio2011-07-010001510295 2009 (1887) MKTXMarketAxessreportsFinancialsFinancial Exchanges & DataNew York City, New York2019-07-010001278021 2000 MARMarriott InternationalreportsConsumer DiscretionaryHotels, Resorts & Cruise LinesBethesda, Maryland00010482861927 MMCMarsh & McLennanreportsFinancialsInsurance BrokersNew York City, New York1987-08-3100000627091905 MLMMartin Marietta MaterialsreportsMaterialsConstruction MaterialsRaleigh, North Carolina2014-07-0200009160761993 MASMascoreportsIndustrialsBuilding ProductsLivonia, Michigan1981-06-300000062996 1929 MAMastercardreportsInformation TechnologyData Processing & Outsourced ServicesHarrison, New York2008-07-1800011413911966 MTCHMatch GroupreportsCommunication ServicesInteractive Media & ServicesDallas, Texas2021-09-2000008911031986 MKCMcCormick & CompanyreportsConsumer StaplesPackaged Foods & MeatsHunt Valley, Maryland2003-03-2000000637541889 MCDMcDonald'sreportsConsumer DiscretionaryRestaurantsChicago, Illinois1970-06-3000000639081940 MCKMcKesson CorporationreportsHealth CareHealth Care DistributorsIrving, Texas00009276531833 MDTMedtronicreportsHealth CareHealth Care EquipmentDublin, Ireland1986-10-3100016131031949 MRKMerckreportsHealth CarePharmaceuticalsKenilworth, New Jersey1957-03-0400003101581891 FBMeta PlatformsreportsCommunication ServicesInteractive Media & ServicesMenlo Park, California2013-12-2300013268012004 METMetLifereportsFinancialsLife & Health InsuranceNew York City, New York00010992191868 MTDMettler ToledoreportsHealth CareLife Sciences Tools & ServicesColumbus, Ohio2016-09-0600010376461945 MGMMGM Resorts InternationalreportsConsumer DiscretionaryCasinos & GamingParadise, Nevada2017-07-2600007895701986 MCHPMicrochip TechnologyreportsInformation TechnologySemiconductorsChandler, Arizona2007-09-0700008270541989 MUMicron TechnologyreportsInformation TechnologySemiconductorsBoise, Idaho1994-09-2700007231251978 MSFTMicrosoftreportsInformation TechnologySystems SoftwareRedmond, Washington1994-06-0100007890191975 MAAMid-America ApartmentsreportsReal EstateResidential REITsMemphis, Tennessee2016-12-0200009125951977 MRNAModernareportsHealth CareBiotechnologyCambridge, Massachusetts2021-07-2100016828522010 MHKMohawk IndustriesreportsConsumer DiscretionaryHome FurnishingsCalhoun, Georgia2013-12-2300008519681878 TAPMolson CoorsreportsConsumer StaplesBrewersChicago, Illinois1976-06-300000024545 2005 (Molson 1786, Coors 1873) MDLZMondelez InternationalreportsConsumer StaplesPackaged Foods & MeatsChicago, Illinois2012-10-0200011039822012 MPWRMonolithic Power SystemsreportsInformation TechnologySemiconductorsKirkland, Washington2021-02-1200012804521997 MNSTMonster BeveragereportsConsumer StaplesSoft DrinksCorona, California2012-06-2800008657522012 (1935) MCOMoody'sreportsFinancialsFinancial Exchanges & DataNew York City, New York00010595561909 MSMorgan StanleyreportsFinancialsInvestment Banking & BrokerageNew York City, New York00008954211935 MOSThe Mosaic CompanyreportsMaterialsFertilizers & Agricultural ChemicalsTampa, Florida2011-09-260001285785 2004 (1865 / 1909) MSIMotorola SolutionsreportsInformation TechnologyCommunications EquipmentChicago, Illinois00000685051928 (2011) MSCIMSCIreportsFinancialsFinancial Exchanges & DataNew York City, New York2018-04-040001408198 1969 NDAQNasdaqreportsFinancialsFinancial Exchanges & DataNew York City, New York2008-10-220001120193 1971 NTAPNetAppreportsInformation TechnologyTechnology Hardware, Storage & PeripheralsSunnyvale, California1999-06-2500010020471992 NFLXNetflixreportsCommunication ServicesMovies & EntertainmentLos Gatos, California2010-12-2000010652801997 NWLNewell BrandsreportsConsumer DiscretionaryHousewares & SpecialtiesAtlanta, Georgia1989-04-3000008144531903 NEMNewmontreportsMaterialsGoldDenver, Colorado1969-06-3000011647271921 NWSANews Corp (Class A)reportsCommunication ServicesPublishingNew York City, New York2013-08-0100015647082013 (1980) NWSNews Corp (Class B)reportsCommunication ServicesPublishingNew York City, New York2015-09-1800015647082013 (1980) NEENextEra EnergyreportsUtilitiesMulti-UtilitiesJuno Beach, Florida1976-06-300000753308 1984 (1925) NLSNNielsen HoldingsreportsIndustrialsResearch & Consulting ServicesNew York City, New York2013-07-090001492633 1923 NKENikereportsConsumer DiscretionaryApparel, Accessories & Luxury GoodsWashington County, Oregon1988-11-3000003201871964 NINiSourcereportsUtilitiesMulti-UtilitiesMerrillville, Indiana00011117111912 NSCNorfolk SouthernreportsIndustrialsRailroadsNorfolk, Virginia1957-03-0400007021651881/1894 (1980) NTRSNorthern TrustreportsFinancialsAsset Management & Custody BanksChicago, Illinois00000731241889 NOCNorthrop GrummanreportsIndustrialsAerospace & DefenseWest Falls Church, Virginia1985-06-3000011334211994 (Northrop 1939, Grumman 1930) NLOKNortonLifeLockreportsInformation TechnologyApplication SoftwareTempe, Arizona2003-03-2500008493991982 NCLHNorwegian Cruise Line HoldingsreportsConsumer DiscretionaryHotels, Resorts & Cruise LinesMiami, Florida2017-10-1300015137612011 (1966) NRGNRG EnergyreportsUtilitiesIndependent Power Producers & Energy TradersHouston, Texas2010-01-2900010138711992 NUENucorreportsMaterialsSteelCharlotte, North Carolina1985-04-3000000733091940 NVDANvidiareportsInformation TechnologySemiconductorsSanta Clara, California2001-11-3000010458101993 NVRNVRreportsConsumer DiscretionaryHomebuildingReston, Virginia2019-09-2600009061631980 NXPINXPreportsInformation TechnologySemiconductorsEindhoven, Netherlands2021-03-2200014134471953 ORLYO'Reilly AutomotivereportsConsumer DiscretionarySpecialty StoresSpringfield, Missouri2009-03-2700008981731957 OXYOccidental PetroleumreportsEnergyOil & Gas Exploration & ProductionHouston, Texas1982-12-3100007974681920 ODFLOld Dominion Freight LinereportsIndustrialsTruckingThomasville, North Carolina2019-12-0900008789271934 OMCOmnicom GroupreportsCommunication ServicesAdvertisingNew York City, New York00000299891986 OKEOneokreportsEnergyOil & Gas Storage & TransportationTulsa, Oklahoma2010-03-1500010396841906 ORCLOraclereportsInformation TechnologyApplication SoftwareAustin, Texas1989-08-3100013414391977 OGNOrganon & Co.reportsHealth CarePharmaceuticalsJersey City, New Jersey2021-06-0300018218252021 OTISOtis WorldwidereportsIndustrialsIndustrial MachineryFarmington, Connecticut2020-04-030001781335 2020 (1853) PCARPaccarreportsIndustrialsConstruction Machinery & Heavy TrucksBellevue, Washington1980-12-310000075362 1905 PKGPackaging Corporation of AmericareportsMaterialsPaper PackagingLake Forest, Illinois2017-07-2600000756771959
Источник: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_S%26P_500_companies

Costa Rica

Country in Central America

For cities in other countries, see Costa Rica, Sinaloa and Costa Rica, Mato Grosso do Sul.

For other uses, see Costa Rica (disambiguation).

Coordinates: 10°N84°W / 10°N 84°W / 10; -84

Costa Rica (, ; Spanish: [ˈkosta ˈrika]; literally "Rich Coast"), officially the Republic of Costa Rica (Spanish: República de Costa Rica), is a country in Central America, bordered by Nicaragua to the north, the Caribbean Sea to the northeast, Panama to the southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, and Ecuador to the south of Cocos Island. It has a population of around five million[10][11] in a land area of 51,060 km2 (19,710 sq mi). An estimated 333,980 people live in the capital and largest city, San José, with around two million people in the surrounding metropolitan area.[12]

The sovereign state is a unitarypresidentialconstitutionalrepublic. It is known for its long-standing and stable democracy, and for its highly educated workforce.[13] The country spends roughly 6.9% of its budget (2016) on education, compared to a global average of 4.4%.[13] Its economy, once heavily dependent on agriculture, has diversified to include sectors such as finance, corporate services for foreign companies, pharmaceuticals, and ecotourism. Many foreign manufacturing and services companies operate in Costa Rica's Free Trade Zones (FTZ) where they benefit from investment and tax incentives.[14]

Costa Rica was sparsely inhabited by indigenous peoples before coming under Spanish rule in the 16th century. It remained a peripheral colony of the empire until independence as part of the First Mexican Empire, followed by membership in the Federal Republic of Central America, from which it formally declared independence in 1847. Following the brief Costa Rican Civil War in 1948, it permanently abolished its army in 1949, becoming one of only a few sovereign nations without a standing army.[15][16][17]

The country has consistently performed favorably in the Human Development Index (HDI), placing 62nd in the world as of 2020[update], and fifth in Latin America.[9] It has also been cited by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) as having attained much higher human development than other countries at the same income levels, with a better record on human development and inequality than the median of the region.[18] It also performs well in comparisons of the state of democracy, press freedom and subjective happiness. It has the 7th freest press according to the Press Freedom Index, it is the 37th most democratic country according to the Freedom in the World index and it is the 12th happiest country in the World Happiness Report.

History

Main article: History of Costa Rica

Pre-Columbian period

Main article: Pre-Columbian history of Costa Rica

Historians have classified the indigenous people of Costa Rica as belonging to the Intermediate Area, where the peripheries of the Mesoamerican and Andean native cultures overlapped. More recently, pre-Columbian Costa Rica has also been described as part of the Isthmo-Colombian Area.

Stone tools, the oldest evidence of human occupation in Costa Rica, are associated with the arrival of various groups of hunter-gatherers about 10,000 to 7,000 years BCE in the Turrialba Valley. The presence of Clovis culture type spearheads and arrows from South America opens the possibility that, in this area, two different cultures coexisted.[19]

Agriculture became evident in the populations that lived in Costa Rica about 5,000 years ago. They mainly grew tubers and roots. For the first and second millennia BCE there were already settled farming communities. These were small and scattered, although the timing of the transition from hunting and gathering to agriculture as the main livelihood in the territory is still unknown.[20]

The earliest use of pottery appears around 2,000 to 3,000 BCE. Shards of pots, cylindrical vases, platters, gourds and other forms of vases decorated with grooves, prints, and some modelled after animals have been found.[21]

The impact of indigenous peoples on modern Costa Rican culture has been relatively small compared to other nations, since the country lacked a strong native civilization to begin with. Most of the native population was absorbed into the Spanish-speaking colonial society through inter-marriage, except for some small remnants, the most significant of which are the Bribri and Boruca tribes who still inhabit the mountains of the Cordillera de Talamanca, in the southeastern part of Costa Rica, near the frontier with Panama.

Spanish colonization

The name la costa rica, meaning "rich coast" in the Spanish language, was in some accounts first applied by Christopher Columbus, who sailed to the eastern shores of Costa Rica during his final voyage in 1502,[22] and reported vast quantities of gold jewelry worn by natives.[23] The name may also have come from conquistador Gil González Dávila, who landed on the west coast in 1522, encountered natives, and obtained some of their gold, sometimes by violent theft and sometimes as gifts from local leaders.[24]

During most of the colonial period, Costa Rica was the southernmost province of the Captaincy General of Guatemala, nominally part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain. In practice, the captaincy general was a largely autonomous entity within the Spanish Empire. Costa Rica's distance from the capital of the captaincy in Guatemala, its legal prohibition under mercantilist Spanish law from trade with its southern neighbor Panama, then part of the Viceroyalty of New Granada (i.e. Colombia), and lack of resources such as gold and silver, made Costa Rica into a poor, isolated, and sparsely-inhabited region within the Spanish Empire.[25] Costa Rica was described as "the poorest and most miserable Spanish colony in all America" by a Spanish governor in 1719.[26]

Another important factor behind Costa Rica's poverty was the lack of a significant indigenous population available for encomienda (forced labor), which meant most of the Costa Rican settlers had to work on their own land, preventing the establishment of large haciendas (plantations). For all these reasons, Costa Rica was, by and large, unappreciated and overlooked by the Spanish Crown and left to develop on its own. The circumstances during this period are believed to have led to many of the idiosyncrasies for which Costa Rica has become known, while concomitantly setting the stage for Costa Rica's development as a more egalitarian society than the rest of its neighbors. Costa Rica became a "rural democracy" with no oppressed mestizo or indigenous class. It was not long before Spanish settlers turned to the hills, where they found rich volcanic soil and a milder climate than that of the lowlands.[27]

Independence

See also: Free State of Costa Rica and First Costa Rican Republic

Like the rest of Central America, Costa Rica never fought for independence from Spain. On 15 September 1821, after the final Spanish defeat in the Mexican War of Independence (1810–21), the authorities in Guatemala declared the independence of all of Central America. That date is still celebrated as Independence Day in Costa Rica[28] even though, technically, under the Spanish Constitution of 1812 that had been readopted in 1820, Nicaragua and Costa Rica had become an autonomous province with its capital in León.

Upon independence, Costa Rican authorities faced the issue of officially deciding the future of the country. Two bands formed, the Imperialists, defended by Cartago and Heredia cities which were in favor of joining the Mexican Empire, and the Republicans, represented by the cities of San José and Alajuela who defended full independence. Because of the lack of agreement on these two possible outcomes, the first civil war of Costa Rica occurred. The Battle of Ochomogo took place on the Hill of Ochomogo, located in the Central Valley in 1823. The conflict was won by the Republicans and, as a consequence, the city of Cartago lost its status as the capital, which moved to San José.[29][30][31]

In 1838, long after the Federal Republic of Central America ceased to function in practice, Costa Rica formally withdrew and proclaimed itself sovereign. The considerable distance and poor communication routes between Guatemala City and the Central Plateau, where most of the Costa Rican population lived then and still lives now, meant the local population had little allegiance to the federal government in Guatemala. From colonial times to now, Costa Rica's reluctance to become economically tied with the rest of Central America has been a major obstacle to efforts for greater regional integration.[32]

Until 1849, when it became part of Panama, Chiriquí was part of Costa Rica. Costa Rican pride was assuaged for the loss of this eastern (or southern) territory with the acquisition of Guanacaste, in the north.

Economic growth in the 19th century

See also: Liberal State

Coffee was first planted in Costa Rica in 1808,[33] and by the 1820s, it surpassed tobacco, sugar, and cacao as a primary export. Coffee production remained Costa Rica's principal source of wealth well into the 20th century, creating a wealthy class of growers, the so-called Coffee Barons.[34] The revenue helped to modernize the country.[35][36]

Most of the coffee exported was grown around the main centers of population in the Central Plateau and then transported by oxcart to the Pacific port of Puntarenas after the main road was built in 1846.[36] By the mid-1850s the main market for coffee was Britain.[37] It soon became a high priority to develop an effective transportation route from the Central Plateau to the Atlantic Ocean. For this purpose, in the 1870s, the Costa Rican government contracted with U.S. businessman Minor C. Keith to build a railroad from San José to the Caribbean port of Limón. Despite enormous difficulties with construction, disease, and financing, the railroad was completed in 1890.[38]

Most Afro-Costa Ricans descend from Jamaican immigrants who worked in the construction of that railway and now make up about 3% of Costa Rica's population.[39] U.S. convicts, Italians and Chinese immigrants also participated in the construction project. In exchange for completing the railroad, the Costa Rican government granted Keith large tracts of land and a lease on the train route, which he used to produce bananas and export them to the United States. As a result, bananas came to rival coffee as the principal Costa Rican export, while foreign-owned corporations (including the United Fruit Company later) began to hold a major role in the national economy and eventually became a symbol of the exploitative export economy.[40] The major labor dispute between the peasants and the United Fruit Company (The Great Banana Strike) was a major event in the country's history and was an important step that would eventually lead to the formation of effective trade unions in Costa Rica, as the company was required to sign a collective agreement with its workers in 1938.[41][42]

20th century

See also: Reform State

Historically, Costa Rica has generally enjoyed greater peace and more consistent political stability than many of its fellow Latin American nations. Since the late 19th century, however, Costa Rica has experienced two significant periods of violence. In 1917–19, General Federico Tinoco Granados ruled as a military dictator until he was overthrown and forced into exile. The unpopularity of Tinoco's regime led, after he was overthrown, to a considerable decline in the size, wealth, and political influence of the Costa Rican military. In 1948, José Figueres Ferrer led an armed uprising in the wake of a disputed presidential election between Rafael Ángel Calderón Guardia (who had been president between 1940 and 1944) and Otilio Ulate Blanco.[43] With more than 2,000 dead, the resulting 44-day Costa Rican Civil War was the bloodiest event in Costa Rica during the 20th century.

The victorious rebels formed a government junta that abolished the military altogether, and oversaw the drafting of a new constitution by a democratically elected assembly.[44] Having enacted these reforms, the junta transferred power to Ulate on 8 November 1949. After the coup d'état, Figueres became a national hero, winning the country's first democratic election under the new constitution in 1953. Since then, Costa Rica has held 14 presidential elections, the latest in 2018. With uninterrupted democracy dating back to at least 1948, the country is the region's most stable.[45][46]

Geography

Main article: Geography of Costa Rica

Costa Rica map of Köppen climate classification

Costa Rica borders the Caribbean Sea to the east, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Costa Rica also borders Nicaragua to the north and Panama to the south.

The highest point in the country is Cerro Chirripó, at 3,819 metres (12,530 ft). The highest volcano in the country is the Irazú Volcano (3,431 m or 11,257 ft) and the largest lake is Lake Arenal. There are 14 known volcanoes in Costa Rica, and six of them have been active in the last 75 years.[47]

Climate

Costa Rica experiences a tropical climate year round. There are two seasons. The "summer" or dry season is December to April, and "winter" or rainy season is May to November.

Flora and fauna

There is a rich variety of plants and Costa Rican wildlife.

One national park, the Corcovado National Park, is internationally renowned among ecologists for its biodiversity (including big cats and tapirs) and is where visitors can expect to see an abundance of wildlife.[48][49] Corcovado is the one park in Costa Rica where all four Costa Rican monkey species can be found.[50] These include the white-headed capuchin, the mantled howler, the endangered Geoffroy's spider monkey,[50][51] and the Central American squirrel monkey, found only on the Pacific coast of Costa Rica and a small part of Panama, and considered endangered until 2008, when its status was upgraded to vulnerable. Deforestation, illegal pet-trading, and hunting are the main reasons for its threatened status.[52] Costa Rica is the first tropical country to have stopped and reversed deforestation; it has successfully restored its forestry and developed an ecosystem service to teach biologists and ecologists about its environmental protection measures.[53] The country had a 2018 Forest Landscape Integrity Index mean score of 4.65/10, ranking it 118th globally out of 172 countries.[54]

Economy

Ambox current red Americas.svg

This section needs to be updated. Please help update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information.(September 2019)

An Intelmicroprocessor facility in Costa Rica that was, at one time, responsible for 20% of Costa Rican exports and 5% of the country's GDP.
A proportional representation of Costa Rica, 2019

Main article: Economy of Costa Rica

The country has been considered economically stable with moderate inflation, estimated at 2.6% in 2017,[55] and moderately high growth in GDP, which increased from US$41.3 billion in 2011 to US$52.6 billion in 2015.[56] The estimated GDP for 2018 is US$59.0 billion and the estimated GDP per capita (purchasing power parity) is Intl$17,559.1.[55] The growing debt and budget deficit are the country's primary concerns.[57] A 2017 study by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development warned that reducing the foreign debt must be a very high priority for the government. Other fiscal reforms were also recommended to moderate the budget deficit.[58]

Many foreign companies (manufacturing and services) operate in Costa Rica's Free Trade Zones (FTZ) where they benefit from investment and tax incentives.[14] Well over half of that type of investment has come from the U.S.[59] According to the government, the zones supported over 82,000 direct jobs and 43,000 indirect jobs in 2015.[60] Companies with facilities in the America Free Zone in Heredia, for example, include Intel, Dell, HP, Bayer, Bosch, DHL, IBM and Okay Industries.[61][62]

Of the GDP, 5.5% is generated by agriculture, 18.6% by industry and 75.9% by services. (2016)[55] Agriculture employs 12.9% of the labor force, industry 18.57%, services 69.02% (2016)[63] For the region, its unemployment level is moderately high (8.2% in 2016, according to the IMF).[55] Although 20.5% of the population lives below the poverty line (2017),[64] Costa Rica has one of the highest standards of living in Central America.[65]

High quality health care is provided by the government at low cost to the users.[66] Housing is also very affordable. Costa Rica is recognized in Latin America for the quality of its educational system. Because of its educational system, Costa Rica has one of the highest literacy rates in Latin America, 97%.[67] General Basic Education is mandatory and provided without cost to the user.[68] A US government report confirms that the country has "historically placed a high priority on education and the creation of a skilled work force" but notes that the high school drop-out rate is increasing. As well, Costa Rica would benefit from more courses in languages such as English, Portuguese, Mandarin and French and also in Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM).[67]

Trade and foreign investment

Countries (in blue) which have signed Free Trade Agreements with Costa Rica

Costa Rica has free trade agreements with many countries, including the US. There are no significant trade barriers that would affect imports and the country has been lowering its tariffs in accordance with other Central American countries.[69] The country's Free Trade Zones provide incentives for manufacturing and service industries to operate in Costa Rica. In 2015, the zones supported over 82 thousand direct jobs and 43 thousand indirect jobs in 2015 and average wages in the FTZ were 1.8 times greater than the average for private enterprise work in the rest of the country.[60] In 2016, Amazon.com for example, had some 3,500 employees in Costa Rica and planned to increase that by 1,500 in 2017, making it an important employer.[13]

The central location provides access to American markets and direct ocean access to Europe and Asia. The most important exports in 2015 (in order of dollar value) were medical instruments, bananas, tropical fruits, integrated circuits and orthopedic appliances.[70] Total imports in that year were US$15 billion. The most significant products imported in 2015 (in order of dollar value) were refined petroleum, automobiles, packaged medications, broadcasting equipment and computers. The total exports were US$12.6 billion for a trade deficit of US$2.39 billion in 2015.[70]

Pharmaceuticals, financial outsourcing, software development, and ecotourism have become the prime industries in Costa Rica's economy. High levels of education among its residents make the country an attractive investing location. Since 1999, tourism earns more foreign exchange than the combined exports of the country's three main cash crops: bananas and pineapples especially,[71] but also other crops, including coffee.[72]Coffee production played a key role in Costa Rica's history and in 2006, was the third cash crop export.[72] As a small country, Costa Rica now provides under 1% of the world's coffee production.[36] In 2015, the value of coffee exports was US$305.9 million, a small part of the total agricultural exports of US$2.7 billion.[71] Coffee production increased by 13.7% percent in 2015–16, declined by 17.5% in 2016–17, but was expected to increase by about 15% in the subsequent year.[73]

Costa Rica has developed a system of payments for environmental services.[74] Similarly, Costa Rica has a tax on water pollution to penalize businesses and homeowners that dump sewage, agricultural chemicals, and other pollutants into waterways.[75] In May 2007, the Costa Rican government announced its intentions to become 100% carbon neutral by 2021.[76] By 2015, 93 percent of the country's electricity came from renewable sources.[77] In 2019, the country produced 99.62% of its electricity from renewable sources and ran completely on renewable sources for 300 continuous days.[78]

In 1996, the Forest Law was enacted to provide direct financial incentives to landowners for the provision of environmental services.[74] This helped reorient the forestry sector away from commercial timber production and the resulting deforestation, and helped create awareness of the services it provides for the economy and society (i.e., carbon fixation, hydrological services such as producing fresh drinking water, biodiversity protection, and provision of scenic beauty).[74]

A 2016 report by the U.S. government report identifies other challenges facing Costa Rica as it works to expand its economy by working with companies from the US (and probably from other countries).[67] The major concerns identified were as follows:

  • The ports, roads, railways and water delivery systems would benefit from major upgrading, a concern voiced by other reports too.[79] Attempts by China to invest in upgrading such aspects were "stalled by bureaucratic and legal concerns".
  • The bureaucracy is "often slow and cumbersome".

Tourism

Main article: Tourism in Costa Rica

See also: List of airports in Costa Rica

Costa Rica is the most-visited nation in the Central American region,[80] with 2.9 million foreign visitors in 2016, up 10% from 2015.[81] In 2015, the tourism sector was responsible for 5.8% of the country's GDP, or $3.4 billion.[82] In 2016, the highest number of tourists came from the United States, with 1,000,000 visitors, followed by Europe with 434,884 arrivals.[83] According to Costa Rica Vacations, once tourists arrive in the country, 22% go to Tamarindo, 18% go to Arenal, 17% pass through Liberia (where the Daniel Oduber Quirós International Airport is located), 16% go to San José, the country's capital (passing through Juan Santamaría International Airport), while 18% choose Manuel Antonio and 7% Monteverde.[84]

By 2004, tourism was generating more revenue and foreign exchange than bananas and coffee combined.[72][85] In 2016, the World Travel & Tourism Council's estimates indicated a direct contribution to the GDP of 5.1% and 110,000 direct jobs in Costa Rica; the total number of jobs indirectly supported by tourism was 271,000.[86]

A pioneer of ecotourism, Costa Rica draws many tourists to its extensive series of national parks and other protected areas.[87] The trail Camino de Costa Rica supports this by allowing travelers to walk across the country from the Atlantic to the Pacific coast. In the 2011 Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Index, Costa Rica ranked 44th in the world and second among Latin American countries after Mexico in 2011.[88] By the time of the 2017 report, the country had reached 38th place, slightly behind Panama.[89] The Ethical Traveler group's ten countries on their 2017 list of The World's Ten Best Ethical Destinations includes Costa Rica. The country scored highest in environmental protection among the winners.[90] Costa Rica began reversing deforestation in the 1990s, and they are moving towards using only renewable energy.[91]

Government and politics

Main article: Politics of Costa Rica

Administrative divisions

Main article: Administrative divisions of Costa Rica

Costa Rica is composed of seven provinces, which in turn are divided into 82 cantons (Spanish: cantón, plural cantones), each of which is directed by a mayor. Mayors are chosen democratically every four years by each canton. There are no provincial legislatures. The cantons are further divided into 488 districts (distritos).

Foreign relations

Main article: Foreign relations of Costa Rica

Costa Rica is an active member of the United Nations and the Organization of American States. The Inter-American Court of Human Rights and the United Nations University of Peace are based in Costa Rica. It is also a member of many other international organizations related to human rights and democracy, such as the Community of Democracies. A main foreign policy objective of Costa Rica is to foster human rights and sustainable development as a way to secure stability and growth.[92]

The extent of Costa Rica's western EEZin the Pacific

Costa Rica is a member of the International Criminal Court, without a Bilateral Immunity Agreement of protection for the United States military (as covered under Article 98). Costa Rica is an observer of the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie.

On 10 September 1961, some months after Fidel Castro declared Cuba a socialist state, Costa Rican President Mario Echandi ended diplomatic relations with Cuba through Executive Decree Number 2. This freeze lasted 47 years until President Óscar Arias Sánchez re-established normal relations on 18 March 2009, saying, "If we have been able to turn the page with regimes as profoundly different to our reality as occurred with the USSR or, more recently, with the Republic of China, how would we not do it with a country that is geographically and culturally much nearer to Costa Rica?" Arias announced that both countries would exchange ambassadors.[93]

Costa Rica has a long-term disagreement with Nicaragua over the San Juan River, which defines the border between the two countries, and Costa Rica's rights of navigation on the river.[94] In 2010, there was also a dispute around Isla Calero, and the impact of Nicaraguan dredging of the river in that area.[95]

On 14 July 2009, the International Court of Justice in the Hague upheld Costa Rica's navigation rights for commercial purposes to subsistence fishing on their side of the river. An 1858 treaty extended navigation rights to Costa Rica, but Nicaragua denied passenger travel and fishing were part of the deal; the court ruled Costa Ricans on the river were not required to have Nicaraguan tourist cards or visas as Nicaragua argued, but, in a nod to the Nicaraguans, ruled that Costa Rican boats and passengers must stop at the first and last Nicaraguan port along their route. They must also have an identity document or passport. Nicaragua can also impose timetables on Costa Rican traffic. Nicaragua may require Costa Rican boats to display the flag of Nicaragua, but may not charge them for departure clearance from its ports. These were all specific items of contention brought to the court in the 2005 filing.[96]

On 1 June 2007, Costa Rica broke diplomatic ties with Taiwan, switching recognition to the People's Republic of China. Costa Rica was the first of the Central American nations to do so. President Óscar Arias Sánchez admitted the action was a response to economic exigency.[97] In response, the PRC built a new, $100 million, state-of-the-art footballstadium in Parque la Sabana, in the province of San José. Approximately 600 Chinese engineers and laborers took part in this project, and it was inaugurated in March 2011, with a match between the national teams of Costa Rica and China.

Costa Rica finished a term on the United Nations Security Council, having been elected for a nonrenewable, two-year term in the 2007 election. Its term expired on 31 December 2009; this was Costa Rica's third time on the Security Council. Elayne Whyte Gómez is the Permanent Representative of Costa Rica to the UN Office at Geneva (2017) and President of the United Nations Conference to Negotiate a Legally Binding Instrument to Prohibit Nuclear Weapons.[98]

Pacifism

On 1 December 1948, Costa Rica abolished its military force.[45] In 1949, the abolition of the military was introduced in Article 12 of the Costa Rican Constitution. The budget previously dedicated to the military is now dedicated to providing health care services and education.[44][99] According to DW, "Costa Rica is known for its stable democracy, progressive social policies, such as free, compulsory public education, high social well-being, and emphasis on environmental protection."[46] For law enforcement, Costa Rica has the Public Force of Costa Rica police agency.

In 2017, Costa Rica signed the UN treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons.[100][101]

Environmentalism

In 2021 Costa Rica with Denmark launched the "Beyond Oil and Gas alliance" for stopping use fossil fuels.[102]

Demographics

Main article: Demographics of Costa Rica

Costa Rican Censuses  
YearPopulation
1864120,499
1883182,07351.1
1892243,20533.6
1927471,52493.9
1950800,87569.8
19631,336,27466.9
19731,871,78040.1
19842,416,80929.1
20003,810,17957.7
20114,301,71212.9

The 2011 census counted a population of 4.3 million people[103] distributed among the following groups: 83.6% whites or mestizos, 6.7% mulattoes, 2.4% Native American, 1.1% black or Afro-Caribbean; the census showed 1.1% as Other, 2.9% (141,304 people) as None, and 2.2% (107,196 people) as unspecified.[1] By 2016, the UN estimation for the population was around 5 million.[10][11]

Costa Rica population pyramid 2021

In 2011, there were over 104,000 Native American or indigenous inhabitants, representing 2.4% of the population. Most of them live in secluded reservations, distributed among eight ethnic groups: Quitirrisí (in the Central Valley), Matambú or Chorotega (Guanacaste), Maleku (northern Alajuela), Bribri (southern Atlantic), Cabécar (Cordillera de Talamanca), Guaymí (southern Costa Rica, along the Panamá border), Boruca (southern Costa Rica) and Térraba [es] (southern Costa Rica).

The population includes European Costa Ricans (of European ancestry), primarily of Spanish descent,[2] with significant numbers of Italian, German, English, Dutch, French, Irish, Portuguese, and Polish families, as well a sizable Jewish community. The majority of the Afro-Costa Ricans are Creole English-speaking descendants of 19th century black Jamaican immigrant workers.[104][105]

The 2011 census classified 83.6% of the population as white or Mestizo; the latter are persons of combined European and Amerindian descent. The Mulatto segment (mix of white and black) represented 6.7% and indigenous people made up 2.4% of the population.[2] Native and European mixed blood populations are far less than in other Latin American countries. Exceptions are Guanacaste, where almost half the population is visibly mestizo, a legacy of the more pervasive unions between Spanish colonists and Chorotega Amerindians through several generations, and Limón, where the vast majority of the Afro-Costa Rican community lives.

Costa Rica hosts many refugees, mainly from Colombia and Nicaragua. As a result of that and illegal immigration, an estimated 10–15% (400,000–600,000) of the Costa Rican population is made up of Nicaraguans.[106][107] Some Nicaraguans migrate for seasonal work opportunities and then return to their country. Costa Rica took in many refugees from a range of other Latin American countries fleeing civil wars and dictatorships during the 1970s and 1980s, notably from Chile and Argentina, as well as people from El Salvador who fled from guerrillas and government death squads.[108]

Costa Rican school children

According to the World Bank, in 2010 about 489,200 immigrants lived in the country, many from Nicaragua, Panama, El Salvador, Honduras, Guatemala, and Belize, while 125,306 Costa Ricans live abroad in the United States, Panama, Nicaragua, Spain, Mexico, Canada, Germany, Venezuela, Dominican Republic, and Ecuador.[109] The number of migrants declined in later years but in 2015, there were some 420,000 immigrants in Costa Rica[110] and the number of asylum seekers (mostly from Honduras, El Salvador, Guatemala and Nicaragua) rose to more than 110,000, a fivefold increase from 2012.[111] In 2016, the country was called a "magnet" for migrants from South and Central America and other countries who were hoping to reach the U.S.[112][113]

Largest cities

Further information: Cantons of Costa Rica

Religion

Religion in Costa Rica (CIEP 2018)[4]

  Catholicism (52%)

  Protestantism (25%)

  Agnostic/Atheist/None (17%)

  Other religions (3%)

  No answer (3%)

Main article: Religion in Costa Rica

Basílica de Nuestra Señora de los Ángeles (Basilica of Our Lady of the Angels), during 2007 pilgrimage

Most Costa Ricans identify with a Christian religion, with Catholicism being the one with the largest number of members and also the official state religion according to the 1949 Constitution, which at the same time guarantees freedom of religion. Costa Rica is the only modern state in the Americas which currently has Catholicism as its state religion; other such countries are microstates in Europe: Liechtenstein, Monaco, the Vatican City and Malta.

The Latinobarómetro survey of 2017 found that 57% of the population identify themselves as Roman Catholics, 25% are EvangelicalProtestants, 15% report that they do not have a religion, and 2% declare that they belong to another religion.[114] This survey indicated a decline in the share of Catholics and rise in the share of Protestants and irreligious.[114] A University of Costa Rica survey of 2018 show similar rates; 52% Catholics, 22% Protestants, 17% irreligious and 3% other.[4] The rate of secularism is high by Latin American standards.

Due to small, but continuous, immigration from Asia and the Middle East, other religions have grown, the most popular being Buddhism, with about 100,000 practitioners (over 2% of the population).[115] Most Buddhists are members of the Han Chinese community of about 40,000 with some new local converts. There is also a small Muslim community of about 500 families, or 0.001% of the population.[116]

The Sinagoga Shaarei Zion synagogue[117] is near La Sabana Metropolitan Park in San José. Several homes in the neighborhood east of the park display the Star of David and other Jewish symbols.[118]

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints claims more than 35,000 members, and has a temple in San José that served as a regional worship center for Costa Rica.[119] However, they represent less than 1% of the population.[120][121]

Languages

Main article: Languages of Costa Rica

The primary language spoken in Costa Rica is Spanish, which features characteristics distinct to the country, a form of Central American Spanish. Costa Rica is a linguistically diverse country and home to at least five living local indigenous languages spoken by the descendants of pre-Columbian peoples: Maléku, Cabécar, Bribri, Guaymí, and Buglere.

Of native languages still spoken, primarily in indigenous reservations, the most numerically important are the Bribri, Maléku, Cabécar and Ngäbere languages; some of these have several thousand speakers in Costa Rica while others have a few hundred. Some languages, such as Teribe and Boruca, have fewer than a thousand speakers. The Buglere language and the closely related Guaymí are spoken by some in southeast Puntarenas.[122]

A Creole-English language, Jamaican patois (also known as Mekatelyu), is an English-based Creole language spoken by the Afro-Carib immigrants who have settled primarily in Limón Province along the Caribbean coast.[122]

About 10.7% of Costa Rica's adult population (18 or older) also speaks English, 0.7% French, and 0.3% speaks Portuguese or German as a second language.[123]

Culture

Main article: Culture of Costa Rica

Costa Rica was the point where the Mesoamerican and South American native cultures met. The northwest of the country, the Nicoya peninsula, was the southernmost point of Nahuatl cultural influence when the Spanish conquerors (conquistadores) came in the 16th century. The central and southern portions of the country had Chibcha influences. The Atlantic coast, meanwhile, was populated with African workers during the 17th and 18th centuries.

As a result of the immigration of Spaniards, their 16th-century Spanish culture and its evolution marked everyday life and culture until today, with Spanish language and the Catholic religion as primary influences.

The Department of Culture, Youth, and Sports is in charge of the promotion and coordination of cultural life. The work of the department is divided into Direction of Culture, Visual Arts, Scenic Arts, Music, Patrimony and the System of Libraries. Permanent programs, such as the National Symphony Orchestra of Costa Rica and the Youth Symphony Orchestra, are conjunctions of two areas of work: Culture and Youth.[citation needed]

Dance-oriented genres, such as soca, salsa, bachata, merengue, cumbia and Costa Rican swing are enjoyed increasingly by older rather than younger people. The guitar is popular, especially as an accompaniment to folk dances; however, the marimba was made the national instrument.

In November 2017, National Geographic magazine named Costa Rica as the happiest country in the world,[124] and the country routinely ranks high in various happiness metrics.[125] The article included this summary: "Costa Ricans enjoy the pleasure of living daily life to the fullest in a place that mitigates stress and maximizes joy".[126] It is not surprising then that one of the most recognizable phrases among "Ticos" is "Pura Vida", pure life in a literal translation. It reflects the inhabitant's philosophy of life,[127] denoting a simple life, free of stress, a positive, relaxed feeling.[128] The expression is used in various contexts in conversation.[129] Often, people walking down the streets, or buying food at shops say hello by saying Pura Vida. It can be phrased as a question or as an acknowledgement of one's presence. A recommended response to "How are you?" would be "Pura Vida."[130] In that usage, it might be translated as "awesome", indicating that all is very well.[129] When used as a question, the connotation would be "everything is going well?" or "how are you?".[127]

Costa Rica rates 12th on the 2017 Happy Planet Index in the World Happiness Report by the UN[131] but the country is said to be the happiest in Latin America. Reasons include the high level of social services, the caring nature of its inhabitants, long life expectancy and relatively low corruption.[132][133]

Cuisine

Further information: Costa Rican cuisine

Costa Rican cuisine is a blend of Native American, Spanish, African and many other cuisine origins. Dishes such as the very traditional tamale and many others made of corn are the most representative of its indigenous inhabitants, and similar to other neighboring Mesoamerican countries. Spaniards brought many new ingredients to the country from other lands, especially spices and domestic animals. And later in the 19th century, the African flavor lent its presence with influence from other Caribbean mixed flavors. This is how Costa Rican cuisine today is very varied, with every new ethnic group who had recently become part of the country's population influencing the country's cuisine.[134][unreliable source?]

Sports

Main articles: Costa Rica at the Olympics and Association football in Costa Rica

Costa Rica entered the Summer Olympics for the first time in 1936 with the fencer Bernardo de la Guardia and the Winter Olympics for the first time in 1980 with the skier Arturo Kinch. All four of Costa Rica's Olympic medals were won by the sisters Silvia and Claudia Poll in swimming, with Claudia winning the only gold medal in 1996.

Football is the most popular sport in Costa Rica. The national team has played in five FIFA World Cup tournaments and reached the quarter-finals for the first time in 2014.[135][136] Its best performance in the regional CONCACAF Gold Cup was runner-up in 2002. Paulo Wanchope, a forward who played for three clubs in England's Premier League in the late 1990s and early 2000s, is credited with enhancing foreign recognition of Costa Rican football.[137] Costa Rica, along with Panama, was granted the hosting rights of 2020 FIFA U-20 Women's World Cup, which was postponed until 2021, due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[138][139] On 17 November 2020, FIFA announced that the event would be held in Costa Rica in 2022.[140]

Basketball is also a popular sport in Costa Rica even though the country's national team has not yet qualified for a major international tournament such as the FIBA AmeriCup or the FIBA World Cup.[141]

Costa Rica featured a women's national team in beach volleyball that competed at the 2018–2020 NORCECA Beach Volleyball Continental Cup.[142]

Education

Main article: Education in Costa Rica

The literacy rate in Costa Rica is approximately 97 percent and English is widely spoken primarily due to Costa Rica's tourism industry.[67] When the army was abolished in 1949, it was said that the "army would be replaced with an army of teachers".[143] Universal public education is guaranteed in the constitution; primary education is obligatory, and both preschool and secondary school are free. Students who finish 11th grade receive a Costa Rican Bachillerato Diploma accredited by the Costa Rican Ministry of Education.

There are both state and private universities. The state-funded University of Costa Rica has been awarded the title "Meritorious Institution of Costa Rican Education and Culture" and hosts around 25.000 students who study at numerous campuses established around the country.

A 2016 report by the U.S. government report identifies the current challenges facing the education system, including the high dropout rate among secondary school students. The country needs even more workers who are fluent in English and languages such as Portuguese, Mandarin and French. It would also benefit from more graduates in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) programs, according to the report.[67] Costa Rica was ranked 56th in the Global Innovation Index in 2020, down from 55th in 2019.[144][145][146][147]

Health

Main article: Health care in Costa Rica

According to the UNDP, in 2010 the life expectancy at birth for Costa Ricans was 79.3 years.[148] The Nicoya Peninsula is considered one of the Blue Zones in the world, where people commonly live active lives past the age of 100 years.[149][150] The New Economics Foundation (NEF) ranked Costa Rica first in its 2009 Happy Planet Index, and once again in 2012. The index measures the health and happiness they produce per unit of environmental input.[151][152] According to NEF, Costa Rica's lead is due to its very high life expectancy which is second highest in the Americas, and higher than the United States. The country also experienced well-being higher than many richer nations and a per capita ecological footprint one-third the size of the United States.[153]

In 2002, there were 0.58 new general practitioner (medical) consultations and 0.33 new specialist consultations per capita, and a hospital admission rate of 8.1%. Preventive health care is also successful. In 2002, 96% of Costa Rican women used some form of contraception, and antenatal care services were provided to 87% of all pregnant women. All children under one have access to well-baby clinics, and the immunization coverage rate in 2002 was above 91% for all antigens.[citation needed] Costa Rica has a very low malaria incidence of 48 per 100,000 in 2000 and no reported cases of measles in 2002. The perinatal mortality rate dropped from 12.0 per 1000 in 1972 to 5.4 per 1000 in 2001.[154]

Costa Rica has been cited as Central America's great health success story.[155] Its healthcare system is ranked higher than that of the United States, despite having a fraction of its GDP.[156] Prior to 1940, government hospitals and charities provided most health care. But since the 1941 creation of the Social Insurance Administration (Caja Costarricense de Seguro Social – CCSS), Costa Rica has provided universal health care to its wage-earning residents, with coverage extended to dependants over time. In 1973, the CCSS took over administration of all 29 of the country's public hospitals and all health care, also launching a Rural Health Program (Programa de Salud Rural) for primary care to rural areas, later extended to primary care services nationwide. In 1993, laws were passed to enable elected health boards that represented health consumers, social insurance representatives, employers, and social organizations. By the year 2000, social health insurance coverage was available to 82% of the Costa Rican population. Each health committee manages an area equivalent to one of the 83 administrative cantons of Costa Rica. There is limited use of private, for-profit services (around 14.4% of the national total health expenditure). About 7% of GDP is allocated to the health sector, and over 70% is government funded.

Primary health care facilities in Costa Rica include health clinics, with a general practitioner, nurse, clerk, pharmacist and a primary health technician. In 2008, there were five specialty national hospitals, three general national hospitals, seven regional hospitals, 13 peripheral hospitals, and 10 major clinics serving as referral centers for primary care clinics, which also deliver biopsychosocial services, family and community medical services and promotion and prevention programs. Patients can choose private health care to avoid waiting lists.[citation needed]

Costa Rica is among the Latin America countries that have become popular destinations for medical tourism.[157][158] In 2006, Costa Rica received 150,000 foreigners that came for medical treatment.[157][158][159] Costa Rica is particularly attractive to Americans due to geographic proximity, high quality of medical services, and lower medical costs.[158]

Since 2012, smoking in Costa Rica is subject to some of the most restrictive regulations in the world.

See also

References

  1. ^ ab"Live Costa Rica Population Clock 2017 – Population of Costa Rica Today". www.livepopulation.com.
  2. ^ abcdCentral Intelligence Agency (2011). "Costa Rica". The World Factbook. Langley, Virginia: Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 4 October 2011.
  3. ^"International Religious Freedom Report for 2017". www.state.gov. 2018. Retrieved 29 December 2018.
  4. ^ abcMurillo, Alvaro (7 July 2021). "Encuesta CIEP-UCR evidencia a una Costa Rica estatista y menos religiosa". Semanario Universidad. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  5. ^"Surface water and surface water change". Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). Retrieved 11 October 2020.
  6. ^"Costa Rica Population Growth Rate 1950-2021". www.macrotrends.net.
  7. ^ abcd"Costa Rica". International Monetary Fund. October 2019. Retrieved 15 October 2019.
  8. ^"Income inequality". data.oecd.org. OECD. Retrieved 25 July 2021.
  9. ^ ab"Human Development Report 2019". United Nations Development Programme. 10 December 2019. Archived from the original(PDF) on 23 May 2020. Retrieved 10 December 2019.
  10. ^ ab""World Population prospects – Population division"". population.un.org. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  11. ^ ab""Overall total population" – World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision"(xslx). population.un.org (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  12. ^"Capital Facts for San José, Costa Rica". 18 October 2017. Archived from the original on 13 April 2020. Retrieved 6 August 2017.[full citation needed]
  13. ^ abc"Amazon invests in Costa Rica as tiny nation carves out profitable niche in world economy". 11 March 2017.
  14. ^ ab"The Investment Promotion Agency of Costa Rica". www.cinde.org.
  15. ^El Espíritu del 48. "Abolición del Ejército" (in Spanish). Retrieved 9 March 2008.
  16. ^"Costa Rica". World Desk Reference. Archived from the original on 11 February 2008. Retrieved 9 June 2009.
  17. ^"Costa Rica". Uppsala University. Retrieved 9 June 2009.
  18. ^UNDP Human Development Report 2010. Table 1: Human development index 2010 and its components(PDF). pp. 5, 49, 144. Archived from the original(PDF) on 8 November 2010. Retrieved 6 November 2010.
  19. ^Botey Sobrado 2002, pp. 30–31 harvnb error: no target: CITEREFBotey_Sobrado2002 (help)
  20. ^Botey Sobrado 2002, p. 32 harvnb error: no target: CITEREFBotey_Sobrado2002 (help)
  21. ^Botey Sobrado 2002, pp. 32–33 harvnb error: no target: CITEREFBotey_Sobrado2002 (help)
  22. ^"About Costa Rica". Embassy of Costa Rica in Washington DC. Retrieved 18 September 2012.
  23. ^"History of Costa Rica". Lonely Planet. Retrieved 18 September 2012.
  24. ^Rojas, Eugenia Ibarra (2001). Fronteras etnicas en la conquista de Nicaragua y Nicoya: entre la solidaridad y el conflicto 800 d.C.-1544. Universidad de Costa Rica. ISBN .
  25. ^Claudia Quirós. La Era de la Encomienda. Historia de Costa Rica. Editorial de la Universidad de Costa Rica. 1990.
  26. ^Shafer, D. Michael (1994). Winners and losers: how sectors shape the developmental prospects of states. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press. ISBN .
  27. ^"Costa Rica – Cartago". Costarica.com. 22 May 2009. Retrieved 26 June 2010.
  28. ^"Aniversario de la Independencia Nacional". Ministerio de Educación Pública (in Spanish). Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  29. ^Cartilla Histórica de Costa Rica. EUNED. 2005. ISBN .
  30. ^Alarmvogel (1966). Apuntes para la historia de la ciudad de Alajuela. San José, Costa Rica: Impr. Nacional. OCLC 14462048.
  31. ^Obregón Loría, Rafael. "Hechos Militares y Políticos de Nuestra Historia Patria". Museo Histórico Cultural Juan Santamaría, Costa Rica, 1981.
  32. ^"Central America". www.cotf.edu. Archived from the original on 2 August 2017. Retrieved 12 August 2017.
  33. ^"Costa Rica's Coffee Tradition – Costa Rica Star News". 21 October 2016.
  34. ^"Coffee of Costa Rica – el café". www.travelcostarica.nu. Archived from the original on 13 August 2017. Retrieved 12 August 2017.
  35. ^"History of Coffee in Costa Rica". Embajada de Costa Rica en Singapur.
  36. ^ abcImports, Cafe. "Cafe Imports – Costa Rica". www.cafeimports.com.
  37. ^"Costa Rica Coffee – Past & Present Coffee Cultivations". www.anywhere.com.
  38. ^"Coffee Production and Processing on a Large Costa Rican Finca". Bib. Orton IICA / CATIE – via Google Books.
  39. ^"Blacks of Costa Rica". World Culture Encyclopedia. Retrieved 23 November 2007.
  40. ^Rankin, Monica A. (29 December 2017). The History of Costa Rica. ABC-CLIO. ISBN  – via Google Books.
  41. ^Bucheli, Marcelo (1 February 2005). Bananas and Business: The United Fruit Company in Colombia, 1899–2000. NYU Press. ISBN  – via Google Books.
  42. ^Shafer, D. Michael (29 December 1994). Winners and Losers: How Sectors Shape the Developmental Prospects of States. Cornell University Press. p. 213. ISBN  – via Internet Archive.
Источник: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Costa_Rica
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To Reach The Park

From I-580 or I-80 (the Eastshore Freeway) in Richmond, take Central Avenue west to Isabel Street or Rydin Road, turn right to get to Point Isabel parking lots, adjacent to Costco and the U.S. Postal Service Bulk Mail Center.

» Public transit information

Trail Map

Click the map image below to see an enlarged version.

 

Point Isabel Regional Shoreline Trail Map

Источник: https://www.ebparks.org/parks/pt_isabel/default.htm

By Kristen Pizzo, San Jose Spotlight

October 21, 2021

Costco wants to grow its San Jose footprint—this time in the Westgate West shopping center off Prospect Road. But the proposal isn't sitting well with local residents.

"Nobody likes seeing empty buildings for long periods of time, so it is important to fill it in with viable businesses or dense housing. But let's get creative," said Gail Wesling, a resident of the Prides Crossing neighborhood. "Don't put in a big box store bringing in hoards of vehicles so close to residential. Let's make our community more humane."

The West San Jose 160,000-square-foot proposed warehouse would take over the Goodwill store, Ethan Allen Furniture Company, Smart & Final and former Orchard Supply Hardware building, along with several other vacant spaces in the mall.

Westgate West is located down the street from Prospect High School. The Almaden, Sunnyvale, Santa Clara and Great Oaks Costco locations are all within 15-20 minute drives from the shopping center.

San Jose Vice Mayor Chappie Jones, whose district includes the project, notified residents about the proposed tenant in his monthly newsletter last Friday. The company is expected to submit its proposal in early November, according to the newsletter.

The newsletter was posted on Nextdoor and received more than 400 comments, some expressing excitement about having a nearby Costco, but many others lamenting about further traffic congestion at the Prospect, Saratoga and Hamilton avenue intersections.

Jones told San José Spotlight he hasn't seen the complete proposal, but confirmed it contains plans for a rooftop parking lot.

"The community will have multiple opportunities to weigh in and express opinions and concerns, and we will take all that into consideration and make a judgment on whether to support or not support the project," he said.

So far, Jones said he's received only a handful of emails about the proposal, and one was in support of Costco.

Dawn Siemer, a resident of the Country Lane neighborhood, sent one of those emails.

"I wrote a really detailed email to the District 1 email address. I can be an angry NIMBY," she told San José Spotlight. "Seriously, as someone who bought my grandparents' house, I have a longtime connection to the neighborhood and I'd hate our quirky little strip mall to be crushed by Costco."

On Nextdoor, many residents commented that they didn't like the idea of losing the current businesses in the shopping center, such as Goodwill.

Jones pointed out that the displaced businesses may have the opportunity to relocate to the retail space at El Paseo and 1777 Saratoga Avenue.

Overall, he's optimistic about the proposal.

"With a project like this, the first reaction is to oppose it. But we need to see the value Costco provides to the community in terms of convenience, tax revenue, strengthening our retail base… We have to weigh all of these different factors when making a decision," Jones said.

Kay S. of the Starbird neighborhood said she is worried about the traffic, but likes the convenience of having a Costco in her area.

"I think Costco is a good company," she wrote on Nextdoor. "They treat their employees well and have great customer service and products I use."

Contact Kristen Pizzo at pizzokristen@gmail.com.


San José Spotlight is the city's first nonprofit news organization dedicated to independent political and business reporting. Please support our public service journalism by clicking here.

Источник: https://patch.com/california/campbell/proposed-costco-fires-some-san-jose-residents

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Costa Rica

Country in Central America

For cities in other countries, see Costa Rica, Sinaloa and Costa Rica, Mato Grosso do Sul.

For other uses, see Costa Rica (disambiguation).

Coordinates: 10°N84°W / 10°N 84°W / 10; -84

Costa Rica (, ; Spanish: [ˈkosta ˈrika]; literally "Rich Coast"), officially the Republic of Costa Rica (Spanish: República de Costa Rica), is a country in Central America, bordered by Nicaragua to the north, the Caribbean Sea to the northeast, Panama to the southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, and Ecuador to the south of Cocos Island. It has a population of around five million[10][11] in a land area of 51,060 km2 (19,710 sq mi). An estimated 333,980 people live in the capital and largest city, San José, with around two million people in the surrounding metropolitan area.[12]

The sovereign state is a unitarypresidentialconstitutionalrepublic. It is known for its long-standing and stable democracy, and for its highly educated workforce.[13] The country spends roughly 6.9% of its budget (2016) on education, compared to a global average of 4.4%.[13] Its economy, once heavily dependent on agriculture, has diversified to include sectors such as finance, corporate services for foreign companies, pharmaceuticals, and ecotourism. Many foreign manufacturing and services companies operate in Costa Rica's Free Trade Zones (FTZ) where they benefit from investment and tax incentives.[14]

Costa Rica was sparsely inhabited by indigenous peoples before coming under Spanish rule in the 16th century. It remained a peripheral colony of the empire until independence as part of the First Mexican Empire, followed by membership in the Federal Republic of Central America, from which it formally declared independence in 1847. Following the brief Costa Rican Civil War in 1948, it permanently abolished its army in 1949, becoming one of only a few sovereign nations without a standing army.[15][16][17]

The country has consistently performed favorably in the Human Development Index (HDI), placing 62nd in the world as of 2020[update], and fifth in Latin America.[9] It has also been cited by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) as having attained much higher human development than other countries at the same income levels, with a better record on human development and inequality than the median of the region.[18] It also performs well in comparisons of the state of democracy, press freedom and subjective happiness. It has the 7th freest press according to the Press Freedom Index, it is the 37th most democratic country according to the Freedom in the World index and it is the 12th happiest country in the World Happiness Report.

History

Main article: History of Costa Rica

Pre-Columbian period

Main article: Pre-Columbian history of Costa Rica

Historians have classified the indigenous people of Costa Rica as belonging to the Intermediate Area, where the peripheries of the Mesoamerican and Andean native cultures overlapped. More recently, pre-Columbian Costa Rica has also been described as part of the Isthmo-Colombian Area.

Stone tools, the oldest evidence of human occupation in Costa Rica, are associated with the arrival of various groups of hunter-gatherers about 10,000 to 7,000 years BCE in the Turrialba Valley. The presence of Clovis culture type erezlife north central college and arrows from South America opens the possibility that, in this area, two different cultures coexisted.[19]

Agriculture became evident in the populations that lived in Costa Rica about 5,000 years ago. They mainly grew tubers and roots. For the first and second millennia BCE there were already settled farming communities. These were small and scattered, although the timing of the transition from hunting and gathering to agriculture as the main livelihood in the territory is still unknown.[20]

The earliest use of pottery appears around 2,000 to 3,000 BCE. Shards of pots, cylindrical vases, platters, gourds and other forms of vases decorated with grooves, prints, and some modelled after animals have been found.[21]

The impact of indigenous peoples on modern Costa Rican culture has been relatively small compared to other nations, since the country lacked a strong native civilization to begin with. Most of the native population was absorbed into the Spanish-speaking colonial society through inter-marriage, except for some small remnants, the most significant of which are the Bribri and Boruca tribes who still inhabit the mountains of the Cordillera de Talamanca, in the southeastern part of Costa Rica, near the frontier with Panama.

Spanish colonization

The name la costa rica, meaning "rich coast" in the Spanish language, was in some accounts first applied by Christopher Columbus, who sailed to the eastern shores of Costa Rica during his final voyage in 1502,[22] and reported vast quantities of gold jewelry worn by natives.[23] The name may also have come from conquistador Gil González Dávila, who landed on the west coast in 1522, encountered natives, and obtained some of their gold, sometimes by violent theft and sometimes as gifts from local leaders.[24]

During most of the colonial period, Costa Rica was the southernmost province of the Captaincy General of Guatemala, nominally part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain. In practice, costco san jose ca captaincy general was a largely autonomous entity within the Spanish Empire. Costa Rica's distance from the capital of the captaincy in Guatemala, its legal prohibition under mercantilist Spanish law from trade with its southern neighbor Panama, then part of the Viceroyalty of New Granada (i.e. Colombia), and lack of resources such as gold and silver, made Costa Rica into a poor, isolated, and sparsely-inhabited region within the Spanish Empire.[25] Costa Rica was described as "the poorest and most miserable Spanish colony in all America" by a Spanish governor in 1719.[26]

Another important factor behind Costa Rica's poverty was the lack of a significant indigenous population available for encomienda (forced labor), which meant most of the Costa Rican settlers had to work on their own land, preventing the establishment of large haciendas (plantations). For all these reasons, Costa Rica was, by and large, unappreciated and overlooked by the Spanish Crown and left to develop on its own. The circumstances during this period are believed to have led to many of the idiosyncrasies for which Costa Rica has become known, while concomitantly setting the stage for Costa Rica's development as a more egalitarian society than the rest of its neighbors. Costa Rica became a "rural democracy" with no oppressed mestizo or indigenous class. It was not long before Spanish settlers turned to the hills, where they found rich volcanic soil and a milder climate than that of the lowlands.[27]

Independence

See bank of gueydan louisiana Free State of Costa Rica and First Costa Rican Republic

Like the rest of Central America, Costa Rica never fought for independence from Spain. On 15 September 1821, after the final Spanish defeat in the Mexican War of Independence (1810–21), the authorities in Guatemala declared the independence of all of Central America. That date is still celebrated as Independence Day in Costa Rica[28] even though, technically, under the Spanish Constitution of 1812 that had been readopted in 1820, Nicaragua and Costa Rica had become an autonomous province with its capital in León.

Upon independence, Costa Rican authorities faced the issue of officially deciding the future of the country. Two bands formed, the Imperialists, defended by Cartago and Heredia cities which were in favor of joining the Mexican Empire, and the Republicans, represented by the cities of San José and Alajuela who defended full independence. Because of the lack of agreement on these two possible outcomes, the first civil war of Costa Rica occurred. The Battle of Ochomogo took place cowan realtors lima ohio real estate office the Hill of Ochomogo, located in the Central Valley in 1823. The conflict was won by the Republicans and, as a consequence, the city of Cartago lost its status as the capital, which moved to San José.[29][30][31]

In 1838, long after the Federal Republic of Central America ceased to function in practice, Costa Rica formally withdrew and proclaimed itself sovereign. The considerable distance and poor communication routes between Guatemala City and the Central Plateau, where most of the Costa Rican population lived then and still lives now, meant the local population had little allegiance to the federal government in Guatemala. From colonial times to now, Costa Rica's reluctance to become economically tied with the rest of Central America has been a major obstacle to efforts for greater regional integration.[32]

Until 1849, when it became part of Panama, Chiriquí was part of Costa Rica. Costa Rican pride was assuaged for the loss of this eastern (or southern) territory with the acquisition of Guanacaste, in the north.

Economic growth in the 19th century

See also: Liberal State

Coffee was first planted in Costa Rica in 1808,[33] and by the 1820s, it surpassed tobacco, sugar, and cacao as a primary export. Coffee production remained Costa Rica's principal source of wealth well into the 20th century, creating a wealthy class of growers, the so-called Coffee Barons.[34] The revenue helped to modernize the country.[35][36]

Most of the coffee exported was grown around the main centers of population in the Central Plateau and then transported by oxcart to the Pacific port of Puntarenas after the main road was built in 1846.[36] By the mid-1850s the main market for coffee was Britain.[37] It soon became a high priority to develop an effective transportation route from the Central Plateau to the Atlantic Ocean. For this purpose, in the 1870s, the Costa Rican government contracted with U.S. businessman Minor C. Keith to build a railroad from San José to the Caribbean port of Limón. Despite enormous difficulties with construction, disease, and financing, the railroad was completed in 1890.[38]

Most Afro-Costa Ricans descend from Jamaican immigrants who worked in the construction of that railway and now make up about 3% of Costa Rica's population.[39] U.S. convicts, Italians and Chinese immigrants also participated in the construction project. In exchange for completing the railroad, the Costa Rican government granted Keith large tracts of land and a lease on the train route, which he used to produce bananas and export them to the United States. As a result, bananas came to rival coffee as the principal Costa Rican export, while foreign-owned corporations (including the United Fruit Company later) began to hold a major role in the national economy and eventually became a symbol of the exploitative export economy.[40] The major labor dispute between the peasants and the United Fruit Company (The Great Banana Strike) was a major event in the country's history and was an important step that would eventually lead to the formation of effective trade unions in Costa Rica, as the company was required to sign a collective agreement with its workers in 1938.[41][42]

20th century

See also: Reform State

Historically, Costa Rica has generally enjoyed greater peace and more consistent political stability than many of its fellow Latin American nations. Since the late 19th century, however, Costa Rica has experienced two significant periods of violence. In 1917–19, General Federico Tinoco Granados ruled as a military dictator until he was overthrown and forced into exile. The unpopularity of Tinoco's regime led, after he was overthrown, to a considerable decline in the size, wealth, and political influence of the Costa Rican military. In 1948, José Figueres Ferrer led an armed uprising in the wake of a disputed presidential election between Rafael Ángel Calderón Guardia (who had been president between 1940 and 1944) and Otilio Ulate Blanco.[43] With more than 2,000 dead, the resulting 44-day Costa Rican Civil War was the bloodiest event in Costa Rica during the 20th century.

The victorious rebels formed a government junta that abolished the military altogether, and oversaw the drafting of a new constitution by a democratically elected assembly.[44] Having enacted these reforms, the junta transferred power to Ulate on 8 November 1949. After the coup d'état, Figueres became a national hero, winning the country's first democratic election under the new constitution in 1953. Since then, Costa Rica has held 14 presidential elections, the latest in 2018. With uninterrupted democracy dating back to at least 1948, the country is the region's most stable.[45][46]

Geography

Main article: Geography of Costa Rica

Costa Rica map of Köppen climate classification

Costa Rica borders the Caribbean Sea to the east, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Costa Rica also borders Nicaragua to the north and Panama to the south.

The highest point in the country is Cerro Chirripó, at 3,819 metres (12,530 ft). The highest volcano in the country is the Irazú Volcano (3,431 m or 11,257 ft) and the largest lake is Lake Arenal. There are 14 known volcanoes in Costa Rica, and six of them have been active in the last 75 years.[47]

Climate

Costa Rica experiences a tropical climate year round. There are two seasons. The "summer" or dry season is December to April, and "winter" or rainy season is May to November.

Flora and fauna

There is a rich variety of plants and Costa Rican wildlife.

One national park, the Corcovado National Park, is internationally renowned among ecologists for its biodiversity (including big cats and tapirs) and is where visitors can expect to see an abundance of wildlife.[48][49] Corcovado is the one park in Costa Rica where all four Costa Rican monkey species can be found.[50] These include the white-headed capuchin, the mantled howler, the endangered Geoffroy's spider monkey,[50][51] and the Central American squirrel monkey, found only on the Pacific coast of Costa Rica and a small part of Panama, and considered endangered until 2008, when its status was upgraded to vulnerable. Deforestation, illegal pet-trading, and hunting are the main reasons for its threatened status.[52] Costa Rica is the first tropical country to have stopped and reversed deforestation; it has successfully restored its forestry and developed an ecosystem service to teach biologists and ecologists about its environmental protection measures.[53] The country had a 2018 Forest Landscape Integrity Index mean score of 4.65/10, ranking it 118th globally out of 172 countries.[54]

Economy

Ambox current red Americas.svg

This section needs to be updated. Please help update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information.(September 2019)

An Intelmicroprocessor facility in Costa Rica that was, at one time, responsible for 20% of Costa Rican exports and 5% of the country's GDP.
A proportional representation of Costa Rica, 2019

Main article: Economy of Costa Rica

The country has been considered economically stable with moderate inflation, estimated at 2.6% in 2017,[55] and moderately high growth in GDP, which increased from US$41.3 billion in 2011 to US$52.6 billion in 2015.[56] The estimated GDP for 2018 is US$59.0 billion and the estimated GDP per capita (purchasing power parity) is Intl$17,559.1.[55] The growing debt and budget deficit are the country's primary concerns.[57] A 2017 study by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development warned that reducing the foreign debt must be a very high priority for the government. Other fiscal reforms were also recommended to moderate the budget deficit.[58]

Many foreign companies (manufacturing and services) operate in Costa Rica's Free Trade Zones (FTZ) where they benefit from investment and tax incentives.[14] Well over half of that type of investment has come from the U.S.[59] According to the government, the zones supported over costco san jose ca direct jobs and 43,000 indirect jobs in 2015.[60] Companies with facilities in the America Free Zone in Heredia, for example, include Intel, Dell, HP, Bayer, Bosch, DHL, IBM and Okay Industries.[61][62]

Of the GDP, 5.5% is generated by agriculture, 18.6% by industry and 75.9% by services. (2016)[55] Agriculture employs 12.9% of the labor force, industry 18.57%, services 69.02% (2016)[63] For the region, its unemployment level is moderately high (8.2% in 2016, according to the IMF).[55] Although 20.5% of the population lives below the poverty line (2017),[64] Costa Rica has one of the highest standards of living in Central America.[65]

High quality health care is provided by the government at low cost to the users.[66] Housing is also very affordable. Costa Rica is recognized in Latin America for the quality of its educational system. Because of its educational system, Costa Rica has one of the highest literacy rates in Latin America, 97%.[67] General Basic Education is mandatory and provided without cost to the user.[68] A US government report confirms that the country has "historically placed a high priority on education and the creation of a skilled work force" but notes that the high school drop-out rate is increasing. As well, Costa Rica would benefit from more courses in languages such as English, Portuguese, Mandarin and French and also in Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM).[67]

Trade and foreign investment

Countries (in blue) which have signed Free Trade Agreements with Costa Rica

Costa Rica has free trade agreements with many countries, including the US. There are no significant trade barriers that would affect imports and the country has been lowering its tariffs in accordance with other Central American countries.[69] The country's Free Trade Zones provide incentives for manufacturing and service industries to operate in Costa Rica. In 2015, the zones supported over 82 thousand direct jobs and 43 thousand indirect jobs in 2015 and average wages in the FTZ were 1.8 times greater than the average for private enterprise work in the rest of the country.[60] In 2016, Amazon.com for example, had some 3,500 employees in Costa Rica and planned to increase that by 1,500 in 2017, making 1st state bank mortgage rates an important employer.[13]

The central location provides access to American markets and direct ocean access to Europe and Asia. The most important exports in 2015 (in order of dollar value) were medical instruments, bananas, tropical fruits, integrated circuits and orthopedic appliances.[70] Total imports in that year were US$15 billion. The most significant products imported in 2015 (in order of dollar value) were refined petroleum, automobiles, packaged medications, broadcasting equipment and computers. The total exports were US$12.6 billion for a trade deficit of US$2.39 billion in 2015.[70]

Pharmaceuticals, financial outsourcing, software development, and ecotourism have become the prime industries in Costa Rica's economy. High levels of education among its residents make the country an attractive investing location. Since 1999, tourism earns more foreign exchange than the combined exports of the country's three main cash crops: bananas and pineapples especially,[71] but also other crops, including coffee.[72]Coffee production played a key role in Costa Rica's history and in 2006, was the third cash crop export.[72] As a small country, Costa Rica now provides under 1% of the world's coffee production.[36] In 2015, the value of coffee exports was US$305.9 million, a small part of the total agricultural exports of US$2.7 billion.[71] Coffee production increased by 13.7% percent in 2015–16, declined by 17.5% in 2016–17, but was expected to increase by about 15% in the subsequent year.[73]

Costa Rica has developed a system of payments for environmental services.[74] Similarly, Costa Rica has a tax on water pollution to penalize businesses and homeowners that dump sewage, agricultural chemicals, and other pollutants into waterways.[75] In May 2007, the Costa Rican government announced its intentions to become 100% carbon neutral by 2021.[76] By 2015, 93 percent of the country's electricity came from renewable sources.[77] In 2019, the country produced 99.62% of its electricity from renewable sources and ran completely on renewable sources for 300 continuous days.[78]

In 1996, the Forest Law was enacted to provide direct financial incentives to landowners for the provision of environmental services.[74] This helped reorient the forestry sector away from commercial timber production and the resulting deforestation, and helped create awareness of the services it provides for the economy and society (i.e., carbon fixation, hydrological services such as producing fresh drinking water, biodiversity protection, and provision of scenic beauty).[74]

A 2016 report by the U.S. government report identifies other challenges facing Costa Rica as it works to expand its economy by working with companies from the US (and probably from other countries).[67] The major concerns identified were as follows:

  • The ports, roads, railways and water delivery systems would benefit from major upgrading, a concern voiced by other reports too.[79] Attempts by China to invest in upgrading such aspects were "stalled by bureaucratic and legal concerns".
  • The bureaucracy is "often slow and cumbersome".

Tourism

Main article: Tourism in Costa Rica

See also: List of airports in Costa Rica

Costa Rica is the most-visited nation in the Central American region,[80] with 2.9 million foreign visitors in 2016, up 10% from 2015.[81] In 2015, the tourism sector was responsible for 5.8% of the country's GDP, or $3.4 billion.[82] In 2016, the highest number of tourists came from the United States, with 1,000,000 visitors, followed by Europe with 434,884 arrivals.[83] According to Costa Rica Vacations, once tourists arrive in the country, 22% go to Tamarindo, 18% go to Arenal, 17% pass through Liberia (where the Daniel Oduber Quirós International Airport is located), 16% go to San José, the country's capital (passing through Juan Santamaría International Airport), while 18% choose Manuel Antonio and 7% Monteverde.[84]

By 2004, tourism was generating more revenue and foreign exchange than bananas and coffee combined.[72][85] In 2016, the World Travel & Tourism Council's estimates indicated a direct contribution to the GDP of 5.1% and 110,000 direct jobs in Costa Rica; the total number of jobs indirectly supported by tourism was 271,000.[86]

A pioneer of ecotourism, Costa Rica draws many tourists to its extensive series of national parks and other protected areas.[87] The trail Camino de Costa Rica supports this by allowing travelers to walk across the country from the Atlantic to the Pacific coast. In the 2011 Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Index, Costa Rica ranked 44th in the world and second among Latin American countries after Mexico in 2011.[88] By the time of the 2017 report, the country had reached 38th place, slightly behind Panama.[89] The Ethical Traveler group's ten countries on their 2017 list of The World's Ten Best Ethical Destinations includes Costa Rica. The country scored highest in environmental protection among the winners.[90] Costa Rica began reversing deforestation in the 1990s, and they are moving towards using only renewable energy.[91]

Government and politics

Main article: Politics of Costa Rica

Administrative divisions

Main article: Administrative divisions of Costa Rica

Costa Rica is composed of seven provinces, which in turn are divided into 82 cantons (Spanish: cantón, plural cantones), each of which is directed by a mayor. Mayors are chosen democratically every four years by each canton. There are no provincial legislatures. The cantons are further divided into 488 districts (distritos).

Foreign relations

Main article: Foreign relations of Costa Rica

Costa Rica is an active member of the United Nations and the Organization of American States. The Inter-American Court of Human Rights and the United Nations University of Peace are based in Costa Rica. It is also a member of many other international organizations related to human rights and democracy, such as the Community of Democracies. A main foreign policy objective of Costa Rica is to foster human rights and sustainable development as a way to secure stability and growth.[92]

wa st ferries kingston edmonds extent of Costa Rica's western EEZin the Pacific

Costa Rica is a member of the International Criminal Court, without a Bilateral Immunity Agreement of protection for the United States military (as covered under Article 98). Costa Rica is an observer of the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie.

On 10 September 1961, some months after Fidel Castro declared Cuba a socialist state, Costa Rican President Mario Echandi ended diplomatic relations with Cuba through Executive Decree Number 2. This freeze lasted 47 years until President Óscar Arias Sánchez re-established normal relations on 18 March 2009, saying, "If we have been able to turn the page with regimes as profoundly different to our reality as occurred with the USSR or, more recently, with the Republic of China, how would we not do it with a country that is geographically and culturally much nearer to Costa Rica?" Arias announced that both countries would exchange ambassadors.[93]

Costa Rica has a long-term disagreement with Nicaragua over the San Juan River, which defines the border between the two countries, and Costa Rica's rights of navigation on the river.[94] In 2010, there was also a dispute around Isla Calero, and the impact of Nicaraguan dredging of the river in that area.[95]

On 14 July 2009, the International Court of Justice in the Hague upheld Costa Rica's navigation rights for commercial purposes to subsistence fishing on waukesha state bank pewaukee hours side of the river. An 1858 treaty extended navigation rights to Costa Rica, but Nicaragua denied passenger travel and fishing were part of the deal; the court ruled Costa Ricans on the river were not required to have Nicaraguan tourist cards or visas as Nicaragua argued, but, in a nod to the Nicaraguans, ruled that Costa Rican boats and passengers must stop at the first and last Nicaraguan port along their route. They must also have an identity document or passport. Nicaragua can also impose timetables on Costa Rican traffic. Nicaragua may require Costa Rican boats to display the flag of Nicaragua, but may not charge them for departure clearance from its ports. These were all specific items of contention brought to the court in the 2005 filing.[96]

On 1 June 2007, Costa Rica broke diplomatic ties with Taiwan, switching recognition to the People's Republic of China. Costa Rica was the first of the Central American nations to what does embed photo mean so. President Óscar Arias Sánchez admitted the action costco san jose ca a response to economic exigency.[97] In response, the PRC built a new, $100 million, state-of-the-art footballstadium in Parque la Sabana, in the province of San José. Approximately 600 Chinese engineers and laborers took part in this project, and it was inaugurated in March 2011, with a match between the national teams of Costa Rica and China.

Costa Rica finished a term on the United Nations Security Council, having been elected for a nonrenewable, two-year term in the 2007 election. Its term expired on 31 December 2009; this was Costa Rica's third time on the Security Council. Elayne Whyte Gómez is the Permanent Representative of Costa Rica to the UN Office at Geneva (2017) and President of the United Nations Conference to Negotiate a Legally Binding Instrument to Prohibit Nuclear Weapons.[98]

Pacifism

On 1 December 1948, Costa Rica abolished its military force.[45] In 1949, the abolition of the military was introduced in Article 12 of the Costa Rican Constitution. The budget previously dedicated to the military is now dedicated to providing health care services and education.[44][99] According to DW, "Costa Rica is known for its stable democracy, progressive social policies, such as free, compulsory public education, high social well-being, and emphasis on environmental protection."[46] For law enforcement, Costa Rica has the Public Force of Costa Rica police agency.

In 2017, Costa Rica signed the UN treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons.[100][101]

Environmentalism

In 2021 Costa Rica with Denmark launched the "Beyond Oil and Gas alliance" for stopping use fossil fuels.[102]

Demographics

Main article: Demographics of Costa Rica

Costa Rican Censuses  
YearPopulation
1864120,499
1883182,07351.1
1892243,20533.6
1927471,52493.9
1950800,87569.8
19631,336,27466.9
19731,871,78040.1
19842,416,80929.1
20003,810,17957.7
20114,301,71212.9

The 2011 census counted a population of 4.3 million people[103] distributed among the following groups: 83.6% whites or mestizos, 6.7% mulattoes, 2.4% Native American, 1.1% black or Afro-Caribbean; the census showed 1.1% what banks offer free checking accounts near me Other, 2.9% (141,304 people) as None, and 2.2% (107,196 people) as unspecified.[1] By 2016, the UN estimation for the population was around 5 million.[10][11]

Costa Rica population pyramid 2021

In 2011, there were over 104,000 Native American or indigenous inhabitants, representing 2.4% of the population. Most of them live in secluded reservations, distributed among eight ethnic groups: Quitirrisí (in the Central Valley), Matambú or Chorotega (Guanacaste), Maleku (northern Alajuela), Bribri (southern Atlantic), Cabécar (Cordillera de Talamanca), Guaymí (southern Costa Rica, along the Panamá border), Boruca (southern Costa Rica) and Térraba [es] (southern Costa Rica).

The population includes European Costa Ricans (of European ancestry), primarily of Spanish descent,[2] with significant numbers of Italian, German, English, Dutch, French, Irish, Portuguese, and Polish families, as well a sizable Jewish community. The majority of the Afro-Costa Ricans are Creole English-speaking descendants of 19th century black Jamaican immigrant workers.[104][105]

The 2011 census classified 83.6% of the population as white or Mestizo; the latter are persons of combined European and Amerindian descent. The Mulatto segment (mix of white and black) represented 6.7% and indigenous people made up 2.4% of the population.[2] Native and European mixed blood populations are far less than in other Latin American countries. Exceptions are Costco san jose ca, where almost half the population is visibly mestizo, a legacy of the more pervasive unions between Spanish colonists and Chorotega Amerindians through several generations, and Limón, where the vast majority of reserve america new mexico Afro-Costa Rican community lives.

Costa Rica hosts many refugees, mainly from Colombia and Nicaragua. As a result of that and illegal immigration, an estimated 10–15% (400,000–600,000) of the Costa Rican population is made up of Nicaraguans.[106][107] Some Nicaraguans migrate for seasonal work opportunities and then return to their country. Costa Rica took in many refugees from a range of other Latin American countries fleeing civil wars and dictatorships during the 1970s and 1980s, notably from Chile and Argentina, as well as people from El Salvador who fled from guerrillas and government death squads.[108]

Costa Rican school children

According to the World Bank, in 2010 about 489,200 immigrants lived in the country, many from Nicaragua, Panama, El Salvador, Honduras, Guatemala, and Belize, while 125,306 Costa Ricans live abroad in the United States, Panama, Nicaragua, Spain, Mexico, Canada, Germany, Venezuela, Dominican Republic, and Ecuador.[109] The number of migrants declined in later years but in 2015, there were some 420,000 immigrants in Costa Rica[110] and the number of asylum seekers (mostly from Honduras, El Salvador, Guatemala and Nicaragua) rose to more than 110,000, a fivefold increase from 2012.[111] In 2016, the country was called a "magnet" for migrants from South and Central America and other countries who were hoping to reach the U.S.[112][113]

Largest cities

Further information: Cantons of Costa Rica

Religion

Religion in Costa Rica (CIEP 2018)[4]

  Catholicism (52%)

  Protestantism (25%)

  Agnostic/Atheist/None (17%)

  Other religions (3%)

  No answer (3%)

Main article: Religion in Costa Rica

Basílica de Nuestra Señora de los Ángeles (Basilica of Our Lady of the Angels), during 2007 pilgrimage

Most Costa Ricans identify with a Christian religion, with Catholicism being the one with the largest number of members and also the official state religion according to the 1949 Constitution, which at the same time guarantees freedom of religion. Costa Rica is the only modern state in the Americas which currently has Catholicism as its state religion; other such countries are microstates in Europe: Liechtenstein, Monaco, the Vatican City and Malta.

The Latinobarómetro survey of 2017 found that 57% of the population identify themselves as Roman Catholics, 25% are EvangelicalProtestants, 15% report that they do not have a religion, and 2% declare that they belong to another religion.[114] This survey indicated a decline in the share of Catholics and rise in the share of Protestants and irreligious.[114] A University of Costa Rica survey of 2018 show similar rates; 52% Catholics, 22% Protestants, 17% irreligious and 3% other.[4] The rate of secularism is high by Latin American standards.

Due to small, but continuous, immigration from Asia and the Middle East, other religions have grown, the most popular being Buddhism, with about 100,000 practitioners (over 2% of the population).[115] Most Buddhists are members of the Han Chinese community of about 40,000 with some new local converts. There is also a small Muslim community of about 500 families, or 0.001% of the population.[116]

The Sinagoga Shaarei Zion synagogue[117] is near La Sabana Metropolitan Park costco san jose ca San José. Several homes in the neighborhood east of the park display the Star of David and other Jewish symbols.[118]

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints claims more than 35,000 members, and has a temple in San José that served as a regional worship center for Costa Rica.[119] However, they represent less than 1% of the population.[120][121]

Languages

Main article: Languages of Costa Rica

The primary language spoken in Costa Rica is Spanish, which features characteristics distinct to the country, a form of Central American Spanish. Costa Rica is a linguistically diverse country and home to at least five living local indigenous languages spoken by the descendants of pre-Columbian peoples: Maléku, Cabécar, Bribri, Guaymí, and Buglere.

Of native languages still spoken, primarily in indigenous reservations, the most numerically important are the Bribri, Maléku, Cabécar and Ngäbere languages; some of these have several thousand speakers in Costa Rica while others have a few hundred. Some languages, such as Teribe and Boruca, have fewer than a thousand speakers. The Buglere language and the closely related Guaymí are spoken by some in southeast Puntarenas.[122]

A Creole-English language, Jamaican patois (also known as Mekatelyu), is an English-based Creole language spoken by the Afro-Carib immigrants who have settled primarily in Limón Province along the Caribbean coast.[122]

About 10.7% of Costa Rica's adult population (18 or older) also speaks English, 0.7% French, and 0.3% speaks Portuguese or German as a second language.[123]

Culture

Main article: Culture of Costa Rica

Costa Rica was the point where the Mesoamerican and South American native cultures met. The northwest of the country, the Nicoya peninsula, was the southernmost point of Nahuatl cultural influence when the Spanish conquerors (conquistadores) came in the 16th century. The central and southern portions of the country had Chibcha influences. The Atlantic coast, meanwhile, was populated with African workers during the 17th and 18th centuries.

As a result of the immigration of Spaniards, their 16th-century Spanish culture and its evolution marked everyday life and culture until today, with Spanish language and the Catholic religion as primary influences.

The Department of Culture, Youth, and Sports is in charge of the promotion and coordination of cultural life. The work of the department is divided into Direction of Culture, Visual Arts, Scenic Arts, Music, Patrimony and the System of Libraries. Permanent programs, such as the National Symphony Orchestra of Costa Rica and the Youth Symphony Orchestra, are conjunctions of two areas of work: Culture and Youth.[citation needed]

Dance-oriented genres, such as soca, salsa, bachata, merengue, cumbia and Costa Rican swing are enjoyed increasingly by older rather than younger people. The guitar is popular, especially as an accompaniment to folk dances; however, the marimba was made the national instrument.

In November 2017, National Geographic magazine named Costa Rica as the happiest country in the world,[124] and the country routinely ranks high in various happiness metrics.[125] The article included this summary: "Costa Ricans enjoy the pleasure of living daily life to the fullest in a place that mitigates stress and maximizes joy".[126] It is not surprising then that one of the most recognizable phrases among "Ticos" is "Pura Vida", pure life in a literal translation. It reflects the inhabitant's philosophy of life,[127] denoting a simple life, free of stress, a positive, relaxed feeling.[128] The expression is used in various contexts in conversation.[129] Often, people walking down the streets, or buying food at shops say hello by saying Pura Vida. It can be phrased as a question or as an acknowledgement of one's presence. A recommended response to "How are you?" would be "Pura Vida."[130] In that usage, it might be translated as "awesome", indicating that all is very well.[129] When used as a question, the connotation would be "everything is going well?" or "how are you?".[127]

Costa Rica rates 12th on the 2017 Happy Planet Index in the World Happiness Report by the UN[131] but the country is said to be the happiest in Latin America. Reasons include the high level of social services, the caring nature of its inhabitants, long life expectancy and relatively low corruption.[132][133]

Cuisine

Further information: Costa Rican cuisine

Costa Rican cuisine is a blend of Native American, Spanish, African and many other cuisine origins. Dishes such as the very traditional tamale and many others made of corn are the most representative of its indigenous inhabitants, and similar to other neighboring Mesoamerican countries. Spaniards brought many new ingredients to the country from other lands, especially spices and domestic animals. And later in the 19th century, the African flavor lent its presence with influence from other Caribbean mixed flavors. This is how Costa Rican cuisine today is very varied, with every new ethnic group who had recently become part of the country's population influencing the country's cuisine.[134][unreliable source?]

Sports

Main articles: Costa Rica at the Olympics and Association football in Costa Rica

Costa Rica entered the Summer Olympics for the first time in 1936 with the fencer Bernardo de la Guardia and the Winter Olympics for the first time in 1980 fidelity federal bank and trust the skier Arturo Kinch. All four of Costa Rica's Olympic medals were won by the sisters Silvia and Claudia Poll in swimming, with Claudia winning the only gold medal in 1996.

Football is the most popular sport in Costa Rica. The national team has played in five FIFA World Cup tournaments and reached the quarter-finals for the first time in 2014.[135][136] Its best performance in the regional CONCACAF Gold Cup was runner-up in 2002. Paulo Wanchope, a forward who played for three clubs in England's Premier League in the late 1990s and early 2000s, is credited with enhancing foreign jose andres nonprofit of Costa Rican football.[137] Costa Rica, along with Panama, was granted the hosting rights of 2020 FIFA U-20 Women's World Cup, which was postponed until 2021, due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[138][139] On 17 November 2020, FIFA announced that the event would be held in Costa Rica in 2022.[140]

Basketball is also a popular sport in Costa Rica even though the country's national team has not yet qualified for a major international tournament such as the FIBA AmeriCup or the FIBA World Cup.[141]

Costa Rica featured a women's national team in beach volleyball that competed at the 2018–2020 NORCECA Beach Volleyball Continental Cup.[142]

Education

Main article: Education in Costa Rica

The literacy rate in Costa Rica is approximately 97 percent and English is widely spoken primarily due to Costa Rica's tourism industry.[67] When the army was abolished in 1949, it was said that the "army would be replaced with an army of teachers".[143] Universal public education is guaranteed in the constitution; primary education is obligatory, and both preschool and secondary school are free. Students who finish 11th grade receive a Costa Rican Bachillerato Diploma accredited by the Costa Rican Ministry of Education.

There are both state and private universities. The state-funded University of Costa Rica has been awarded the title "Meritorious Institution of Costa Rican Education and Culture" and hosts around 25.000 students who study at numerous campuses established around the country.

A 2016 report by the U.S. government report identifies the current challenges facing the education system, including the high dropout rate among secondary school students. The country needs even more workers who are fluent in English and languages such as Portuguese, Mandarin and French. It would also benefit from more graduates in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) programs, according to the report.[67] Costa Rica was ranked 56th in the Global Innovation Index in 2020, down from 55th in 2019.[144][145][146][147]

Health

Main article: Health care in Costa Rica

According to the UNDP, in 2010 the life expectancy at birth for Costa Ricans was 79.3 years.[148] The Nicoya Peninsula is considered one of the Blue Zones in the world, where people commonly live active lives past the age of 100 years.[149][150] The New Economics Foundation (NEF) ranked Costa Rica first in its 2009 Happy Planet Index, and once again in 2012. The index measures the health and happiness they produce per unit of environmental input.[151][152] According to NEF, Costa Rica's lead is due to its very high life expectancy which is second highest in the Americas, and higher than the United States. The country also experienced well-being higher than many richer nations and a per capita ecological footprint one-third the size of the United States.[153]

In 2002, there were 0.58 new general practitioner (medical) consultations and 0.33 new specialist consultations per capita, and a hospital admission rate of 8.1%. Preventive health care is also successful. In 2002, 96% of Costa Rican women used some form of contraception, and antenatal care services were provided to 87% of all pregnant women. All children under one have access to well-baby clinics, and the immunization coverage rate in 2002 was above 91% for all antigens.[citation needed] Costa Rica has a very low malaria incidence of 48 per 100,000 in 2000 and no reported cases of measles in 2002. The perinatal mortality rate dropped from 12.0 per 1000 in 1972 to 5.4 per 1000 in 2001.[154]

Costa Rica has been cited as Central America's great health success story.[155] Its healthcare system is ranked higher than that of the United States, despite having a fraction of its GDP.[156] Prior to 1940, government hospitals and charities provided most health care. But since the 1941 creation of the Social Insurance Administration (Caja Costarricense de Seguro Social – CCSS), Costa Rica has provided universal health care to its wage-earning residents, with coverage extended to dependants over time. In 1973, the CCSS took over administration of all 29 of the country's public hospitals and all health care, also launching a Rural Health Program (Programa de Salud Rural) for primary care to rural areas, later extended to primary care services nationwide. In 1993, laws were passed to enable elected health boards that represented health consumers, social insurance representatives, employers, and social organizations. By the year 2000, social health insurance coverage was available to 82% of the Costa Rican population. Each health committee manages an area equivalent to one of the 83 administrative cantons of Costa Rica. There is limited use of private, for-profit services (around 14.4% of the national total health expenditure). About 7% of GDP is allocated to the health sector, and over 70% is government funded.

Primary health care facilities in Costa Rica include health clinics, with a general practitioner, nurse, clerk, pharmacist and a primary health technician. In 2008, there were five specialty national hospitals, three general national hospitals, seven regional hospitals, 13 peripheral hospitals, and 10 major clinics serving as referral centers for primary care clinics, which also deliver biopsychosocial services, family and community medical services and promotion and prevention programs. Patients can choose private health care to avoid waiting lists.[citation needed]

Costa Rica is among the Latin America countries that have become popular destinations for medical tourism.[157][158] In 2006, Costa Rica received 150,000 all access netspend customer service number that came for medical treatment.[157][158][159] Costa Rica is particularly attractive to Americans due to geographic proximity, high quality of medical services, and lower medical costs.[158]

Since 2012, smoking in Costa Rica is subject to some of the most restrictive regulations in the world.

See also

References

  1. ^ ab"Live Costa Rica Population Clock 2017 – Population of Costa Rica Today". www.livepopulation.com.
  2. ^ abcdCentral Intelligence Agency (2011). "Costa Rica". The World Factbook. Langley, Virginia: Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 4 October 2011.
  3. ^"International Religious Freedom Report for 2017". www.state.gov. 2018. Retrieved 29 December 2018.
  4. ^ abcMurillo, Alvaro (7 July 2021). "Encuesta CIEP-UCR evidencia a una Costa Rica estatista y menos religiosa". Semanario Universidad. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  5. ^"Surface water and surface water change". Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). Retrieved 11 October 2020.
  6. ^"Costa Rica Population Growth Rate 1950-2021". www.macrotrends.net.
  7. ^ abcd"Costa Rica". International Monetary Fund. October 2019. Retrieved 15 October 2019.
  8. ^"Income inequality". data.oecd.org. OECD. Retrieved 25 July 2021.
  9. ^ ab"Human Development Report 2019". United Nations Development Programme. 10 December 2019. Archived from the original(PDF) on 23 May 2020. Retrieved 10 December 2019.
  10. ^ ab""World Population prospects – Population division"". population.un.org. United Nations Department of Economic and M to ft inches Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  11. ^ ab""Overall total population" – World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision"(xslx). population.un.org (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  12. ^"Capital Facts for San José, Costa Rica". 18 October 2017. Archived from the original on 13 April 2020. Retrieved 6 August 2017.[full citation needed]
  13. ^ abc"Amazon invests in Costa Rica as tiny nation carves out profitable niche in world economy". 11 March 2017.
  14. ^ ab"The Investment Promotion Agency of Costa Rica". www.cinde.org.
  15. ^El Espíritu del 48. "Abolición del Ejército" (in Spanish). Retrieved 9 March 2008.
  16. ^"Costa Rica". World Desk Reference. Archived from the original on 11 February 2008. Retrieved 9 June 2009.
  17. ^"Costa Rica". Uppsala University. Retrieved 9 June 2009.
  18. ^UNDP Human Development Report 2010. Table 1: Human development index 2010 and its components(PDF). pp. 5, 49, 144. Archived from the original(PDF) on 8 November 2010. Retrieved 6 November 2010.
  19. ^Botey Sobrado 2002, pp. 30–31 harvnb error: no target: CITEREFBotey_Sobrado2002 (help)
  20. ^Botey Sobrado 2002, p. 32 harvnb error: no target: CITEREFBotey_Sobrado2002 (help)
  21. ^Botey Sobrado 2002, pp. 32–33 harvnb error: no target: CITEREFBotey_Sobrado2002 (help)
  22. ^"About Costa Rica". Embassy of Costa Rica in Washington DC. Retrieved 18 September 2012.
  23. ^"History of Costa Rica". Lonely Planet. Retrieved 18 September 2012.
  24. ^Rojas, Eugenia Ibarra (2001). Fronteras etnicas en la conquista de Nicaragua y Nicoya: entre la solidaridad y el conflicto 800 d.C.-1544. Universidad de Costa Rica. ISBN .
  25. ^Claudia Quirós. La Era de la Encomienda. Historia de Costa Rica. Editorial de la Universidad de Costa Rica. 1990.
  26. ^Shafer, D. Michael (1994). Winners and losers: how sectors shape the developmental prospects of states. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press. ISBN .
  27. ^"Costa Rica – Cartago". Costarica.com. 22 May 2009. Retrieved 26 June 2010.
  28. ^"Aniversario de la Independencia Nacional". Ministerio de Educación Pública (in Spanish). Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  29. ^Cartilla Histórica de Costa Rica. EUNED. 2005. ISBN .
  30. ^Alarmvogel (1966). Apuntes para la historia de la ciudad de Alajuela. San José, Costa Rica: Impr. Nacional. OCLC 14462048.
  31. ^Obregón Loría, Rafael. "Hechos Militares y Políticos de Nuestra Historia Patria". Museo Histórico Cultural Juan Santamaría, Costa Rica, 1981.
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Источник: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Costa_Rica

Woman Who Shot Ex Husband in Costco Parking Lot Speaks Out

The transgender San Jose woman who’s in jail for allegedly shooting her ex-partner in a Costco parking lot said that she did it after years of fear and frustration, and that she hadn’t been trying to kill him.

“I shot my costco san jose ca said Nori Tejero, 44, in an interview with the Bay Area Reporter. “He was my partner of 24 years, and there were multiple reasons why I shot him.”

Mostly, though, “I shot him to let him know he was not going to be the one to put a bullet in my head,” she added.

Nori Tejeda. (Photo via Santa Clara County Sheriff's Office)

Nori Tejero.

Tejero, who used to work for the Billy DeFrank LGBT Center, been charged with assault with a firearm in the July 5 incident, which left the victim with a non-lethal gunshot wound to the leg.

In an interview last week at Elmwood Correctional Facility in Milpitas, she said that she’d threatened to leave the victim multiple times, but he’d told her he’d shoot her if she did.

Tejero said she finally left, but she eventually returned and shot him at the South San Jose Costco where he worked after he failed to return some of her belongings.

The victim told police that Tejero had been upset about his new girlfriend and angry that he wanted her to come get her things, according to court records. Both Tejero and the victim told police that they hadn’t been married.

Tejero, who cried while speaking with the B.A.R., said that after fights they had over the years, when she talked about leaving him, “he told me he would put a bullet in my head if I did that.”

She also said, “He didn’t beat me, but there were many instances of rape and sexual assault,” costco san jose ca he was “very degrading” toward her. She didn’t want to discuss details of the rapes, and she said she didn’t tell police about them until after her arrest.

Court records say that Tejero told police at the time of her arrest that in free credit card numbers with unlimited money, the victim had “pointed a gun at her and told her that he would kill her if she ever left him. This incident was not reported before today.”

An officer also reported that Tejero said the victim had been “verbally, emotionally, and mentally abusive toward her.”

‘Nothing but the clothes on my back’

The victim had acquired “about a dozen” guns over the years, Tejero said. They’d gone shooting together, and guns played “a prominent role in both our lives.”

She said she’d tried to leave him four times, but he’d come after her at least once.

Finally, in February, she said, she fled with “nothing but the clothes on my back” to the Stockton area. She eventually returned, and she and her ex started talking about when she’d be able to get her things, which included jewelry, a childhood teddy bear, and woodworking tools.

At first, she said, “We had met amicably,” and she got some of her things back, but after not hearing from him for several days, he told her things had been thrown out. He soon told her he hadn’t really thrown away her possessions, but she said she was “mad” because he was playing the same games he had in the past.

She said when she went to Costco that Wednesday, she mostly wanted “to let him know that I could not be played with like that anymore.”

According to court records, Tejero took her roommate’s vehicle and his Taurus .357 revolver without his knowledge and waited in the Costco lot until her ex was leaving work at about 12:30 p.m.

She told police that “she asked the great western pipe & supply co denver co why he was treating her so badly and they began to argue,” the records say. “The suspect stated that the victim began to yell at her,” and she pulled out her gun.

Tejero also told police that “she initially had pointed the gun at the victim’s ‘nuts’ . but then she felt bad” so she shot him in the leg instead.

At first, she told police, “the victim just stood there,” but then he ran and she chased him for about four parking spaces before she stopped, according to court records.

The victim reported that when he saw Tejero in the parking lot, “She asked him why he was avoiding her. He told her he had been on vacation. She said, you were with her weren’t you. He said he was,” and Tejero shot him. As he ran from Tejero back into Costco, the victim said, he’d yelled for co-workers to call police.

He told police that Tejero had been “upset because of their relationship ending and he has a new girlfriend,” the records say, and she’d recently sent him emails “in which she was angry because he wanted her to come get her property.”

The victim said Tejero had “told him if he discarded her property she would kill him.”

A witness told police that just after the shooting, Tejero asked the witness “if she should leave, and he told her to stay." The man asked her for the gun and she gave it to him.

Court records say the victim’s brother told police that Tejero had emailed her ex in late June “threatening to shoot him if he did not come back to her. The suspect said, ‘I want you back, you need to come back to me.’”

Asked about the email, Tejero told the B.A.R., “I do remember sending him something about him begging for his life like I had begged him to costco san jose ca me like a human being.”

Tejero, who said she still loves the victim, is being held on $175,000 bail. She’s expected to enter a plea July 31.

Deputy Public Defender Dennis Dawson said that he didn’t have any information related to Tejero’s allegation that her ex had raped her, and he said he didn’t want to discuss details of the case.

“I’d rather have this argued out and litigated in court,” he said.

This article was originally published July 20, 2017, in the Bay Area Reporter.  

Источник: https://www.sanjoseinside.com/news/woman-who-shot-her-ex-husband-in-costco-parking-lot-speaks-out/

COSTCO WHOLESALE #0470, 5301 Almaden EX, San Jose, CA 95118 - Restaurant inspection findings and violations

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Restaurant: COSTCO WHOLESALE #0470
Address: 5301 Almaden EX, San Jose, CA 95118
Total inspections: 5
Last inspection: Apr 4, 2011

Score
(the higher the better)
100

Inspection findings

Inspection Date

Inspection Score
(the higher the better)

  • Adequate handwash facilities supplied & acc.
Sep 22, 2009 99
Apr 21, 2010 98
  • Adequate handwash facilities supplied & acc.
  • Hot and cold water available
Apr 21, 2010 98
  • Time as a PH control procedures & records
Sep 9, 2010 99
No violation noted during this evaluation. Apr 4, 2011 100



Name

Address

Distance

SUBWAY #458775353 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
BOGEY'S PIZZA5039 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
TANDORI BISTRO5353 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
YOGURT DELITE4750 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
ALMADEN DONUTS4750 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
SUBWAY SANDWICHES #31334750 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
SAFEWAY #15744950 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
BURRITO FACTORY #14750 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
ERIK'S DELI CAFE BRANHAM SQ4611 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
CLASSICO CAFE5005 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
LUNCHSTOP AT SANTA CLARA VALLEY WA5700 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
HOUSE OF BAGELS OF ALMADEN5353 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
MAHALO HAWAII BBQ4750 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
UMI SUSHI5353 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
BARNES & NOBLE BOOKSELLERS INC5353 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
WING'S CHINESE FAST FOOD5353 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
STARBUCKS COFFEE #68275353 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
AFC SUSHI @ SAFEWAY #15744950 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
KALINKA5025 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
LA VICTORIA TAQUERIA #35015 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
ORANGE LEAF FROZEN YOGURT5353 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
YOGURTLAND5011 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
BASKIN ROBBINS ICE CREAM #1845353 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
SCRAMBL'Z5055 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
BRITTANIA ARMS5027 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
HAPPI HOUSE #65353 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
FRESH CHOICE5353 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
MCDONALD'S #315334800 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
JACK IN THE BOX #4584602 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
RED LOBSTER RESTAURANT #3825343 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
CHEVY'S FRESH MEX RESTAURANT5305 Almaden EX, San Jose0.00 mile
PIZZA HUT #2833224605 Cherry Avenue, San Jose0.10 mile

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Источник: http://www.city-data.com/santa-clara-county-restaurants/costco-wholesale-0470.html

Sara always suspected she was at high risk for colon cancer. Her mom had colon cancer three times, and both of her grandparents had the disease. Because of her family history, she had her first colonoscopy in her 30s. An all-clear costco san jose ca put her on a schedule to repeat the test in five to eight years. But Sara wondered if this was frequent enough. She came to the Stanford Health Care Digestive Health Center for a second opinion. At her first appointment, Dr. Uri Ladabaum, MD, Director of Stanford’s GI Cancer Prevention Program, allayed her fears. “He said, ‘We’re going to develop a plan for you. It’s going to be okay,’” said Sara. “Colorectal cancer is one of the leading causes of death from cancer, but the majority of deaths from colorectal cancer are preventable,” said Dr. Ladabaum. “Screening is proven to decrease the risk.” A routine colonoscopy allows doctors to both detect and remove small growths called polyps, all during one outpatient procedure. By removing polyps early, before they are left to develop into cancerous lesions, colonoscopies can prevent colon cancer from ever developing. Because of her family history, Dr. Ladabaum recommended she have a colonoscopy every year, not every five to eight years. Sara has faithfully followed his advice, coming to Stanford annually, despite living three hours away. Her tests had all been clear until a year ago when Dr. Ladabaum found and removed a medium-sized polyp. If left to grow, she said, the polyp would have become cancerous. “Colon cancer is completely preventable, so why not go and get a colonoscopy?” Sara asked. “I can’t control if I get a polyp, but I can control if we get it out in time.” Learn More: Colonoscopy: https://stanfordhealthcare.org/medical-tests/c/colonoscopy.html General Endoscopy: https://stanfordhealthcare.org/medical-clinics/digestive-health-endoscopy-suite-redwood-city.html Advanced Endoscopy: https://stanfordhealthcare.org/medical-clinics/digestive-health-endoscopy-suite.html Dr. Uri Ladabaum: https://stanfordhealthcare.org/doctors/l/uri-ladabaum.html

Источник: https://stanfordhealthcare.org/

List of S&P 500 companies

SymbolSecuritySEC filingsGICS SectorGICS Sub-IndustryHeadquarters LocationDate first addedCIKFounded MMM3MreportsIndustrialsIndustrial ConglomeratesSaint Paul, Minnesota1976-08-0900000667401902 ABTAbbott LaboratoriesreportsHealth CareHealth Care EquipmentNorth Chicago, Illinois1964-03-3100000018001888 ABBVAbbViereportsHealth CarePharmaceuticalsNorth Chicago, Illinois2012-12-3100015511522013 (1888) ABMDAbiomedreportsHealth CareHealth Care EquipmentDanvers, Massachusetts2018-05-3100008150941981 ACNAccenturereportsInformation TechnologyIT Consulting & Other ServicesDublin, Ireland2011-07-0600014673731989 ATVIActivision BlizzardreportsCommunication ServicesInteractive Home EntertainmentSanta Monica, California2015-08-3100007188772008 ADBEAdobereportsInformation TechnologyApplication SoftwareSan Jose, California1997-05-0500007963431982 AMDAdvanced Micro DevicesreportsInformation TechnologySemiconductorsSanta Clara, California00000024881969 AAPAdvance Auto PartsreportsConsumer DiscretionaryAutomotive RetailRaleigh, North Carolina2015-07-0900011584491932 AESAES CorpreportsUtilitiesIndependent Power Producers & Energy TradersArlington, Virginia1998-10-0200008747611981 AFLAflacreportsFinancialsLife & Health InsuranceColumbus, Georgia1999-05-2800000049771955 AAgilent TechnologiesreportsHealth CareHealth Care EquipmentSanta Clara, California2000-06-0500010908721999 APDAir Products & ChemicalsreportsMaterialsIndustrial GasesAllentown, Pennsylvania1985-04-3000000029691940 AKAMAkamai TechnologiesreportsInformation TechnologyInternet Services & InfrastructureCambridge, Massachusetts2007-07-1200010862221998 ALKAlaska Air GroupreportsIndustrialsAirlinesSeattle, Washington2016-05-1300007664211985 ALBAlbemarle CorporationreportsMaterialsSpecialty ChemicalsCharlotte, North Carolina2016-07-0100009159131994 AREAlexandria Real Estate EquitiesreportsReal EstateOffice REITsPasadena, California2017-03-2000010354431994 ALGNAlign TechnologyreportsHealth CareHealth Care SuppliesSan Jose, California2017-06-1900010971491997 ALLEAllegionreportsIndustrialsBuilding ProductsNew York City, New York2013-12-0200015792411908 LNTAlliant EnergyreportsUtilitiesElectric UtilitiesMadison, Wisconsin2016-07-0100003525411917 ALLAllstate CorpreportsFinancialsProperty & Casualty InsuranceNorthfield Township, Illinois1995-07-1300008990511931 GOOGLAlphabet (Class A)reportsCommunication ServicesInteractive Media & ServicesMountain View, California2014-04-0300016520441998 GOOGAlphabet (Class C)reportsCommunication ServicesInteractive Media & ServicesMountain View, California2006-04-0300016520441998 MOAltria GroupreportsConsumer StaplesTobaccoRichmond, Virginia1957-03-0400007641801985 AMZNAmazonreportsConsumer DiscretionaryInternet & Direct Marketing RetailSeattle, Washington2005-11-1800010187241994 AMCRAmcorreportsMaterialsPaper PackagingZurich, Switzerland2019-06-0700017487902019 (1860) AEEAmeren CorpreportsUtilitiesMulti-UtilitiesSt. Louis, Missouri1991-09-1900010029101902 AALAmerican Airlines GroupreportsIndustrialsAirlinesFort Worth, Texas2015-03-2300000062011934 AEPAmerican Electric PowerreportsUtilitiesElectric UtilitiesColumbus, Ohio1957-03-0400000049041906 AXPAmerican ExpressreportsFinancialsConsumer FinanceNew York City, New York1976-06-3000000049621850 AIGAmerican International GroupreportsFinancialsProperty & Casualty InsuranceNew York City, New York1980-03-3100000052721919 AMTAmerican TowerreportsReal EstateSpecialized REITsBoston, Massachusetts2007-11-190001053507 1995 AWKAmerican Water WorksreportsUtilitiesWater UtilitiesCamden, New Jersey2016-03-040001410636 1886 AMPAmeriprise FinancialreportsFinancialsAsset Management & Custody BanksMinneapolis, Minnesota2005-10-030000820027 1894 ABCAmerisourceBergenreportsHealth CareHealth Care DistributorsChesterbrook, Pennsylvania2001-08-300001140859 1985 AMEAmetekreportsIndustrialsElectrical Components & EquipmentBerwyn, Pennsylvania2013-09-230001037868 1930 AMGNAmgenreportsHealth CareBiotechnologyThousand Oaks, California1992-01-020000318154 1980 APHAmphenolreportsInformation TechnologyElectronic ComponentsWallingford, Connecticut2008-09-3000008203131932 ADIAnalog DevicesreportsInformation TechnologySemiconductorsWilmington, Massachusetts1999-10-120000006281 1965 ANSSAnsysreportsInformation TechnologyApplication SoftwareCanonsburg, Pennsylvania2017-06-190001013462 1969 ANTMAnthemreportsHealth CareManaged Health CareIndianapolis, Indiana2002-07-250001156039 2014 (1946) AONAonreportsFinancialsInsurance BrokersLondon, UK1996-04-230000315293 1982 (1919) AOSA. O. SmithreportsIndustrialsBuilding ProductsMilwaukee, Wisconsin2017-07-260000091142 1916 APAAPA CorporationreportsEnergyOil & Gas Exploration & ProductionHouston, Texas1997-07-280000006769 1954 AAPLApplereportsInformation TechnologyTechnology Hardware, Storage & PeripheralsCupertino, California1982-11-300000320193 1977 AMATApplied MaterialsreportsInformation TechnologySemiconductor EquipmentSanta Clara, California1995-03-160000006951 1967 APTVAptivreportsConsumer DiscretionaryAuto Parts & EquipmentDublin, Ireland2012-12-240001521332 1994 ADMADMreportsConsumer StaplesAgricultural ProductsChicago, Illinois1981-07-290000007084 1902 ANETArista Dime savings bank of ny fsb TechnologyCommunications EquipmentSanta Clara, California2018-08-2800015965322004 AJGArthur J. 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RobinsonreportsIndustrialsAir Freight & LogisticsEden Prairie, Minnesota2007-03-0200010432771905 CDNSCadence Design SystemsreportsInformation TechnologyApplication SoftwareSan Jose, California2017-09-1800008136721988 CZRCaesars EntertainmentreportsConsumer DiscretionaryCasinos & GamingReno, Nevada2021-03-2200015908951973 CPBCampbell SoupreportsConsumer StaplesPackaged Foods & MeatsCamden, New Jersey1957-03-0400000167321869 COFCapital OnereportsFinancialsConsumer FinanceTysons Corner, Virginia1998-07-0100009276281994 CAHCardinal HealthreportsHealth CareHealth Care DistributorsDublin, Ohio1997-05-2700007213711971 KMXCarMaxreportsConsumer DiscretionarySpecialty StoresRichmond, Virginia2010-06-2800011700101993 CCLCarnival CorporationreportsConsumer DiscretionaryHotels, Resorts & Cruise LinesMiami, Florida1998-12-2200008150971972 CARRCarrier GlobalreportsIndustrialsBuilding ProductsPalm Beach Gardens, Florida2020-04-030001783180 2020 (1915) CTLTCatalentreportsHealth 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Minnesota1989-01-3100000314621923 EIXEdison InternationalreportsUtilitiesElectric UtilitiesRosemead, California1957-03-0400008270521886 EWEdwards LifesciencesreportsHealth CareHealth Care EquipmentIrvine, California2011-04-0100010998001958 EAElectronic ArtsreportsCommunication ServicesInteractive Home EntertainmentRedwood City, California2002-07-2200007125151982 EMREmerson ElectricreportsIndustrialsElectrical Components & EquipmentFerguson, Missouri1965-03-3100000326041890 ENPHEnphase EnergyreportsInformation TechnologyElectronic ComponentsFremont, California2021-01-0700014631012006 ETREntergyreportsUtilitiesElectric UtilitiesNew Orleans, Louisiana1957-03-0400000659841913 EOGEOG ResourcesreportsEnergyOil & Gas Exploration & ProductionHouston, Texas2000-11-0200008211891999 EFXEquifaxreportsIndustrialsResearch & Consulting ServicesAtlanta, Georgia1997-06-1900000331851899 EQIXEquinixreportsReal EstateSpecialized REITsRedwood City, California2015-03-2000011012391998 EQREquity 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City, New York2015-09-180001754301 2019 BENFranklin ResourcesreportsFinancialsAsset Management & Custody BanksSan Mateo, California00000387771947 FCXFreeport-McMoRanreportsMaterialsCopperPhoenix, Arizona00008312591912 GPSGapreportsConsumer DiscretionaryApparel RetailSan Francisco, California1986-08-3100000399111969 GRMNGarminreportsConsumer DiscretionaryConsumer ElectronicsSchaffhausen, Switzerland2012-12-1200011217881989 ITGartnerreportsInformation TechnologyIT Consulting & Other ServicesStamford, Connecticut2017-04-0500007492511979 GNRCGenerac HoldingsreportsIndustrialsElectrical Components & EquipmentWaukesha, Wisconsin2021-03-2200014747351959 GDGeneral DynamicsreportsIndustrialsAerospace & DefenseFalls Church, Virginia1957-03-0400000405331899 GEGeneral ElectricreportsIndustrialsIndustrial ConglomeratesBoston, Massachusetts00000405451892 GISGeneral MillsreportsConsumer StaplesPackaged Foods & MeatsGolden Valley, Minnesota1969-03-3100000407041856 GMGeneral MotorsreportsConsumer DiscretionaryAutomobile How to find my routing number huntington, Michigan2013-06-060001467858 1908 GPCGenuine PartsreportsConsumer DiscretionarySpecialty StoresAtlanta, Georgia1973-12-3100000409871925 GILDGilead SciencesreportsHealth CareBiotechnologyFoster City, California2004-07-0100008820951987 GLGlobe LifereportsFinancialsLife & Health InsuranceMcKinney, Texas1989-04-3000003203351900 GPNGlobal PaymentsreportsInformation TechnologyData Processing & Outsourced ServicesAtlanta, Georgia2016-04-2500011233602000 GSGoldman SachsreportsFinancialsInvestment Banking & BrokerageNew York City, New York2002-07-2200008869821869 GWWW. W. GraingerreportsIndustrialsIndustrial MachineryLake Forest, Illinois1981-06-300000277135 1927 HALHalliburtonreportsEnergyOil & Gas Equipment & ServicesHouston, Texas1957-03-0400000450121919 HBIHanesbrandsreportsConsumer DiscretionaryApparel, Accessories & Luxury GoodsWinston-Salem, North Carolina2015-03-2000013598412000 HIGThe HartfordreportsFinancialsProperty & Casualty InsuranceHartford, Connecticut1957-03-040000874766 1810 HASHasbroreportsConsumer DiscretionaryLeisure ProductsPawtucket, Rhode Island1984-09-3000000460801923 HCAHCA HealthcarereportsHealth CareHealth Care FacilitiesNashville, Tennessee2015-01-2700008607301968 PEAKHealthpeak PropertiesreportsReal EstateHealth Care REITsLong Beach, California2008-03-3100007658801985 HSICHenry ScheinreportsHealth CareHealth Care DistributorsMelville, New York2015-03-1700010002281932 HSYThe Hershey CompanyreportsConsumer StaplesPackaged Foods & MeatsHershey, Pennsylvania1957-03-0400000471111894 HESHess CorporationreportsEnergyIntegrated Oil & GasNew York City, New York1984-05-3100000044471919 HPEHewlett Packard EnterprisereportsInformation TechnologyTechnology Hardware, Storage & PeripheralsHouston, Texas2015-11-0200016455902015 HLTHilton WorldwidereportsConsumer DiscretionaryHotels, Resorts & Cruise LinesTysons Corner, Virginia2017-06-1900015856891919 HOLXHologicreportsHealth CareHealth Care EquipmentMarlborough, Massachusetts2016-03-3000008597371985 HDHome DepotreportsConsumer DiscretionaryHome Improvement RetailAtlanta, Georgia1988-03-3100003549501978 HONHoneywellreportsIndustrialsIndustrial ConglomeratesCharlotte, North Carolina1964-03-3100007738401906 HRLHormelreportsConsumer StaplesPackaged Foods & MeatsAustin, Minnesota2009-03-0400000484651891 HSTHost Hotels & ResortsreportsReal EstateHotel & Resort REITsBethesda, Maryland2007-03-2000010707501993 HWMHowmet AerospacereportsIndustrialsAerospace & DefensePittsburgh, Pennsylvania1964-03-3100000042812016 HPQHPreportsInformation TechnologyTechnology Hardware, Storage & PeripheralsPalo Alto, California1974-12-3100000472171939 (2015) HUMHumanareportsHealth CareManaged Health CareLouisville, Kentucky00000490711961 HBANHuntington BancsharesreportsFinancialsRegional BanksColumbus, Ohio; Detroit, Michigan00000491961866 HIIHuntington Ingalls IndustriesreportsIndustrialsAerospace & DefenseNewport News, Virginia2018-01-030001501585 2011 IEXIDEX CorporationreportsIndustrialsIndustrial MachineryLake Forest, Illinois2019-08-0900008321011988 IDXXIdexx LaboratoriesreportsHealth CareHealth Care EquipmentWestbrook, Maine2017-01-0500008747161983 INFOIHS MarkitreportsIndustrialsResearch & Consulting ServicesLondon, England2017-06-020001598014 1959 ITWIllinois Tool WorksreportsIndustrialsIndustrial MachineryGlenview, Illinois1986-02-2800000498261912 ILMNIlluminareportsHealth CareLife Sciences Tools & ServicesSan Diego, California2015-11-1900011108031998 INCYIncytereportsHealth CareBiotechnologyWilmington, Delaware2017-02-2800008791691991 IRIngersoll RandreportsIndustrialsIndustrial MachineryMilwaukee, Wisconsin2020-03-0300016991501859 INTCIntelreportsInformation TechnologySemiconductorsSanta Clara, California1976-12-310000050863 1968 ICEIntercontinental ExchangereportsFinancialsFinancial Exchanges & DataAtlanta, Georgia2007-09-2600015719492000 IBMIBMreportsInformation TechnologyIT Consulting & Other ServicesArmonk, New York1957-03-0400000511431911 IPInternational PaperreportsMaterialsPaper PackagingMemphis, Tennessee1957-03-0400000514341898 IPGInterpublic GroupreportsCommunication ServicesAdvertisingNew York City, New York1992-10-0100000516441961 (1930) IFFInternational Flavors & FragrancesreportsMaterialsSpecialty ChemicalsNew York City, New York1976-03-310000051253 1958 (1889) INTUIntuitreportsInformation TechnologyApplication SoftwareMountain View, California2000-12-0500008968781983 ISRGIntuitive SurgicalreportsHealth CareHealth Care EquipmentSunnyvale, California2008-06-0200010352671995 IVZInvescoreportsFinancialsAsset Management & Custody BanksAtlanta, Georgia2008-08-2100009142081935 IPGPIPG PhotonicsreportsInformation TechnologyElectronic Manufacturing ServicesOxford, Massachusetts2018-03-0700011119281990 IQVIQVIAreportsHealth CareLife Sciences Tools & ServicesDurham, North Carolina2017-08-290001478242 1982 IRMIron MountainreportsReal EstateSpecialized REITsBoston, Massachusetts2009-01-0600010205691951 JKHYJack Henry & AssociatesreportsInformation TechnologyData Processing & Outsourced ServicesMonett, Missouri2018-11-1300007791521976 JJacobs Engineering GroupreportsIndustrialsConstruction & EngineeringDallas, Texas2007-10-2600000529881947 JBHTJ. B. HuntreportsIndustrialsTruckingLowell, Arkansas2015-07-0100007285351961 SJMJM SmuckerreportsConsumer StaplesPackaged Foods & MeatsOrrville, Ohio2008-11-0600000914191897 JNJJohnson & JohnsonreportsHealth CarePharmaceuticalsNew Brunswick, New Jersey1973-06-3000002004061886 JCIJohnson ControlsreportsIndustrialsBuilding ProductsCork, Ireland2010-08-2700008334441885 JPMJPMorgan ChasereportsFinancialsDiversified BanksNew York City, New York1975-06-300000019617 2000 (1799 / 1871) JNPRJuniper NetworksreportsInformation TechnologyCommunications EquipmentSunnyvale, California2006-06-0200010436041996 KSUKansas City SouthernreportsIndustrialsRailroadsKansas City, Missouri2013-05-2400000544801887 KKellogg'sreportsConsumer StaplesPackaged Foods & MeatsBattle Creek, Michigan1989-09-1100000550671906 KEYKeyCorpreportsFinancialsRegional BanksCleveland, Ohio1994-03-0100000915761825 KEYSKeysight TechnologiesreportsInformation TechnologyElectronic Equipment & InstrumentsSanta Rosa, California2018-11-0600016010462014 KMBKimberly-ClarkreportsConsumer StaplesHousehold ProductsIrving, Texas1957-03-0400000557851872 KIMKimco RealtyreportsReal EstateRetail REITsNew Hyde Park, New York2006-04-040000879101 1958 KMIKinder MorganreportsEnergyOil & Gas Storage & TransportationHouston, Texas2012-05-250001506307 1997 KLACKLA CorporationreportsInformation TechnologySemiconductor EquipmentMilpitas, California00003192011975/1977 (1997) KHCKraft HeinzreportsConsumer StaplesPackaged Foods & MeatsChicago, Illinois; Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania2015-07-0600016374592015 (1869) KRKrogerreportsConsumer StaplesFood RetailCincinnati, Ohio1957-03-0400000568731883 LHXL3Harris TechnologiesreportsIndustrialsAerospace & DefenseMelbourne, Florida2008-09-220000202058 2019 (1895) LHLabCorpreportsHealth CareHealth Care ServicesBurlington, North Carolina2004-11-0100009201481978 LRCXLam ResearchreportsInformation TechnologySemiconductor EquipmentFremont, California2012-06-2900007075491980 LWLamb WestonreportsConsumer StaplesPackaged Foods & MeatsEagle, Idaho2018-12-0300016792732016 (1950) LVSLas Vegas SandsreportsConsumer DiscretionaryCasinos & GamingLas Vegas, Nevada2019-10-0300013005141988 LEGLeggett & PlattreportsConsumer DiscretionaryHome FurnishingsCarthage, Missouri1999-10-1400000584921883 LDOSLeidosreportsIndustrialsDiversified Support ServicesReston, Virginia2019-08-0900013369201969 LENLennarreportsConsumer DiscretionaryHomebuildingMiami, Florida2005-10-040000920760 1954 LLYEli LillyreportsHealth CarePharmaceuticalsIndianapolis, Indiana1970-12-3100000594781876 LNCLincoln NationalreportsFinancialsMulti-line InsuranceRadnor, Pennsylvania1976-06-300000059558 1905 LINLindereportsMaterialsIndustrial GasesGuildford, England1992-07-0100017079251879 LYVLive Nation EntertainmentreportsCommunication ServicesMovies & EntertainmentBeverly Hills, California2019-12-2300013352582010 LKQLKQ CorporationreportsConsumer DiscretionaryDistributorsChicago, Illinois2016-05-2300010656961998 LMTLockheed MartinreportsIndustrialsAerospace & DefenseBethesda, Maryland1984-07-3100009364681995 LLoews CorporationreportsFinancialsMulti-line InsuranceNew York City, New York0000060086 1959 LOWLowe'sreportsConsumer DiscretionaryHome Improvement RetailMooresville, North Carolina1984-02-2900000606671904/1946/1959 LUMNLumen TechnologiesreportsCommunication ServicesAlternative CarriersMonroe, Louisiana1999-03-250000018926 1983 (1877) LYBLyondellBasellreportsMaterialsSpecialty ChemicalsRotterdam, Netherlands2012-09-050001489393 2007 MTBM&T BankreportsFinancialsRegional BanksBuffalo, New York2004-02-2300000362701856 MROMarathon OilreportsEnergyOil & Gas Exploration & ProductionHouston, Texas1991-05-0100001017781887 MPCMarathon PetroleumreportsEnergyOil & Gas Refining & MarketingFindlay, Ohio2011-07-010001510295 2009 (1887) MKTXMarketAxessreportsFinancialsFinancial Exchanges & DataNew York City, New York2019-07-010001278021 2000 MARMarriott InternationalreportsConsumer DiscretionaryHotels, Resorts & Cruise LinesBethesda, Maryland00010482861927 MMCMarsh & McLennanreportsFinancialsInsurance BrokersNew York City, New York1987-08-3100000627091905 MLMMartin Marietta MaterialsreportsMaterialsConstruction MaterialsRaleigh, North Carolina2014-07-0200009160761993 MASMascoreportsIndustrialsBuilding ProductsLivonia, Michigan1981-06-300000062996 1929 MAMastercardreportsInformation TechnologyData Processing & Outsourced ServicesHarrison, New York2008-07-1800011413911966 MTCHMatch GroupreportsCommunication ServicesInteractive Media & ServicesDallas, Texas2021-09-2000008911031986 MKCMcCormick & CompanyreportsConsumer StaplesPackaged Foods & MeatsHunt Valley, Maryland2003-03-2000000637541889 MCDMcDonald'sreportsConsumer DiscretionaryRestaurantsChicago, Illinois1970-06-3000000639081940 MCKMcKesson CorporationreportsHealth CareHealth Care DistributorsIrving, Texas00009276531833 MDTMedtronicreportsHealth CareHealth Care EquipmentDublin, Ireland1986-10-3100016131031949 MRKMerckreportsHealth CarePharmaceuticalsKenilworth, New Jersey1957-03-0400003101581891 FBMeta PlatformsreportsCommunication ServicesInteractive Media costco san jose ca ServicesMenlo Park, California2013-12-2300013268012004 METMetLifereportsFinancialsLife & Health InsuranceNew York City, New York00010992191868 MTDMettler ToledoreportsHealth CareLife Sciences Tools & ServicesColumbus, Ohio2016-09-0600010376461945 MGMMGM Resorts InternationalreportsConsumer DiscretionaryCasinos & GamingParadise, Nevada2017-07-2600007895701986 MCHPMicrochip TechnologyreportsInformation TechnologySemiconductorsChandler, Arizona2007-09-0700008270541989 MUMicron TechnologyreportsInformation TechnologySemiconductorsBoise, Idaho1994-09-2700007231251978 MSFTMicrosoftreportsInformation TechnologySystems SoftwareRedmond, Washington1994-06-0100007890191975 MAAMid-America ApartmentsreportsReal EstateResidential REITsMemphis, Tennessee2016-12-0200009125951977 MRNAModernareportsHealth CareBiotechnologyCambridge, Massachusetts2021-07-2100016828522010 MHKMohawk IndustriesreportsConsumer DiscretionaryHome FurnishingsCalhoun, Georgia2013-12-2300008519681878 TAPMolson CoorsreportsConsumer StaplesBrewersChicago, Illinois1976-06-300000024545 2005 (Molson 1786, Coors 1873) MDLZMondelez InternationalreportsConsumer StaplesPackaged Costco san jose ca & MeatsChicago, Illinois2012-10-0200011039822012 MPWRMonolithic Power SystemsreportsInformation TechnologySemiconductorsKirkland, Washington2021-02-1200012804521997 MNSTMonster BeveragereportsConsumer StaplesSoft DrinksCorona, California2012-06-2800008657522012 (1935) MCOMoody'sreportsFinancialsFinancial Exchanges & DataNew York City, New York00010595561909 MSMorgan StanleyreportsFinancialsInvestment Banking & BrokerageNew York City, New York00008954211935 MOSThe Suntrust business online CompanyreportsMaterialsFertilizers & Agricultural ChemicalsTampa, Florida2011-09-260001285785 2004 (1865 / 1909) MSIMotorola SolutionsreportsInformation TechnologyCommunications EquipmentChicago, Illinois00000685051928 (2011) MSCIMSCIreportsFinancialsFinancial Exchanges & DataNew York City, New York2018-04-040001408198 1969 NDAQNasdaqreportsFinancialsFinancial Exchanges & DataNew York City, New York2008-10-220001120193 1971 NTAPNetAppreportsInformation TechnologyTechnology Hardware, Storage & PeripheralsSunnyvale, California1999-06-2500010020471992 NFLXNetflixreportsCommunication ServicesMovies & EntertainmentLos Gatos, California2010-12-2000010652801997 NWLNewell BrandsreportsConsumer DiscretionaryHousewares & SpecialtiesAtlanta, Georgia1989-04-3000008144531903 NEMNewmontreportsMaterialsGoldDenver, Colorado1969-06-3000011647271921 NWSANews Corp (Class A)reportsCommunication ServicesPublishingNew York City, New York2013-08-0100015647082013 (1980) NWSNews Corp (Class B)reportsCommunication ServicesPublishingNew York City, New York2015-09-1800015647082013 (1980) NEENextEra EnergyreportsUtilitiesMulti-UtilitiesJuno Beach, Florida1976-06-300000753308 1984 (1925) NLSNNielsen HoldingsreportsIndustrialsResearch & Consulting ServicesNew York City, New York2013-07-090001492633 1923 NKENikereportsConsumer DiscretionaryApparel, Accessories & Luxury GoodsWashington County, Oregon1988-11-3000003201871964 NINiSourcereportsUtilitiesMulti-UtilitiesMerrillville, Indiana00011117111912 NSCNorfolk SouthernreportsIndustrialsRailroadsNorfolk, Virginia1957-03-0400007021651881/1894 (1980) NTRSNorthern TrustreportsFinancialsAsset Management & Custody BanksChicago, Illinois00000731241889 NOCNorthrop GrummanreportsIndustrialsAerospace & DefenseWest Falls Church, Virginia1985-06-3000011334211994 (Northrop 1939, Grumman 1930) NLOKNortonLifeLockreportsInformation TechnologyApplication SoftwareTempe, Arizona2003-03-2500008493991982 NCLHNorwegian Cruise Line HoldingsreportsConsumer DiscretionaryHotels, Resorts & Cruise LinesMiami, Florida2017-10-1300015137612011 (1966) NRGNRG EnergyreportsUtilitiesIndependent Power Producers & Energy TradersHouston, Texas2010-01-2900010138711992 NUENucorreportsMaterialsSteelCharlotte, North Carolina1985-04-3000000733091940 NVDANvidiareportsInformation TechnologySemiconductorsSanta Clara, California2001-11-3000010458101993 NVRNVRreportsConsumer DiscretionaryHomebuildingReston, Virginia2019-09-2600009061631980 NXPINXPreportsInformation TechnologySemiconductorsEindhoven, Netherlands2021-03-2200014134471953 ORLYO'Reilly AutomotivereportsConsumer DiscretionarySpecialty StoresSpringfield, Missouri2009-03-2700008981731957 OXYOccidental PetroleumreportsEnergyOil & Gas Exploration & ProductionHouston, Texas1982-12-3100007974681920 ODFLOld Dominion Freight LinereportsIndustrialsTruckingThomasville, North Carolina2019-12-0900008789271934 OMCOmnicom GroupreportsCommunication ServicesAdvertisingNew York City, New York00000299891986 OKEOneokreportsEnergyOil & Gas Storage & TransportationTulsa, Oklahoma2010-03-1500010396841906 ORCLOraclereportsInformation TechnologyApplication SoftwareAustin, Texas1989-08-3100013414391977 OGNOrganon & Co.reportsHealth CarePharmaceuticalsJersey City, New Jersey2021-06-0300018218252021 OTISOtis WorldwidereportsIndustrialsIndustrial MachineryFarmington, Connecticut2020-04-030001781335 2020 (1853) PCARPaccarreportsIndustrialsConstruction Machinery & Heavy TrucksBellevue, Washington1980-12-310000075362 1905 PKGPackaging Corporation of AmericareportsMaterialsPaper PackagingLake Forest, Illinois2017-07-2600000756771959
Источник: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_S%26P_500_companies

The majority of big retailers will keep their stores closed on Thanksgiving for the second year.

Walmart, Target, Best Buy, Kohl's, Macy's, Dick's Sporting Goods and JCPenney – which for years opened for in-person Black Friday shopping on the holiday – are all closed Thursday.

Costco, Home Depot, Lowe's, Sam's Club and Apple have traditionally stayed closed on the holiday.

Select grocery stores across the country are open Thursday, but the majority will operate with limited hours. (See the list of grocery stores that are open and those that are closed Thursday.)

Like last year, to limit crowds and spread out demand, retailers started rolling out deals before Halloween and have turned a weekend shopping blitz into an extended event.

►Black Friday deals: The absolute best deals this Black Friday from Walmart, Target, Best Hotels in bangor maine near waterfront pavilion and more: Live updates

►Is Black Friday worth it? Here's how to save, when to shop for deals and maybe score high interest rate savings account online PS5

Because of state laws, Maine, Massachusetts and Rhode Island stores will be closed on Thanksgiving. Stores in some areas also have varied hours because of county or municipal laws.

Several restaurants also are closed on Thanksgiving. (See the list of who is open and who is closed here.)

Walmart on Thanksgiving: Closed for second year

Until 2020, Walmart stores haven't closed on Thanksgiving since the late 1980s. Months into the pandemic in July 2020, the world's largest retailer announced its stores would be closed for the holiday. In June, Walmart announced stores would be closed for Thanksgiving 2021.

Walmart will open 5 a.m. Friday for its in-store Black Friday sale.

►Walmart Black Friday 2021 deals: Save on Samsung Galaxy, Apple Watches and more

►Samsung Black Friday deals: Shop steep price cuts on the Galaxy phones, watches, TVs and more during Samsung's Black Friday sale

Target closed on Thanksgiving for good

Target announced Monday it is making its Thanksgiving Day closing permanently. Stores will open 7 a.m. Black Friday.

Target is the first major retailer to make such a permanent move during the pandemic, and its decision could push other retailers to follow in its path, says Ken Perkins, president of Retail Metrics, a retail research firm.

►Black Friday 2021 store hours: When Walmart, Target, Best Buy, Costco and other stores open Friday

►Target Black Friday deals are here: Shop savings on Apple, Dyson, Keurig and more

GameStop opens 5 p.m. Thanksgiving with some PS5 bundles

If you’re hunting for a PlayStation 5, GameStop might be one option for finding it in store. Many retailers including Walmart are selling PS5 and Xbox Series X online.

Many GameStop locations are open from 5 to 9 p.m. Thanksgiving, but other locations are closed until Friday morning.

At a GameStop in Coral Springs, Florida, a sign on the door said the location had 11 PS5 bundles selling for $789.95, including the console, $100 GameStop gift card, PlayStation Plus 12-month membership and three games.

Nick Reed got to the store around 2 a.m. Thanksgiving morning and was first in the line. Reed, of Coral Springs, said he has been trying to get Sony’s latest console since last year.

“I could have gotten here at around 5 and still would have been the first one,” Reed said.

Alessio Sincore, of Tamarac, Florida, got to the GameStop at 6:30 a.m. after missing out on the PS5 during online sales at Best Buy and Walmart. He said it was his first time lining up for a Black Friday sale and he was expecting to see larger crowds like on TV.

A GameStop in Coral Springs, Florida had a line of about 15 at around 2:40 p.m. Thanksgiving, ahead of the 5 p.m. opening.

Costco, Home Depot, Lowe's closed Thanksgiving

For these retailers, Thanksgiving Day closures aren't a new concept but a holiday tradition. Costco also stays closed for other holidays, including New Year's Day, Easter, Memorial Day and Labor Day.

Costco is traditionally closed on Thanksgiving.

Macy's Thanksgiving parade features Toys R Us' Geoffrey

Macy's is closed for Thanksgiving but it had its annual holiday parade Thursday. This year, Geoffrey, the Toys R Us mascot joined in the festivities.

In August, the department store chain and Toys R Us announced they were teaming up to open toy shops in more than 400 department stores nationwide starting in 2022. Toys R Us are also now for sale on Macy's website.

Macy's stores open at 6 a.m. Black Friday.

►Macy's Black Friday 2021 deals are live: Shop mega markdowns on All-Clad, KitchenAid and more

Macy's Thanksgiving Day parade: Macy’s Thanksgiving parade returns with balloons, new floats and holiday performances

Thanksgiving 2021: More stores closed

Here are the major retailers staying closed on Thanksgiving Day:

►Thanksgiving dinner costs more: Here are tips on how to save and ways to find a free turkey

►Black Friday TV deals you can shop right now: The best deals at Walmart, Amazon, Best Buy, and more

Grocery stores closed Thanksgiving 2021

►What grocery stores are open on Thanksgiving?: Kroger, Albertsons, Safeway, Whole Foods and more

►Thanksgiving 2021: Many Starbucks, McDonald's, Dunkin' and Applebee's open, but Taco Bell closed

What is open Thanksgiving? Here are non-grocery stores

Many gas station convenience stores will be open normal hours Thursday. Check with your store before heading out. Because of state laws, expect Maine, Massachusetts and Rhode Island stores to remain closed on Thanksgiving.

7-Eleven

Bass Pro Shops: Open 9 a.m.

Big Lots: 7 a.m. to 9 p.m.

Cabela's: Open 9 a.m.

Circle K

Cumberland Farms

CVS: Most locations open regular hours but most pharmacies will be closed.

Dollar General: 7 a.m. to 10 p.m.

Dollar Tree: Most stores will be open with shorter hours.

Family Dollar: Most stores will be open with shorter hours.

GameStop: Varies, not all locations are open but some are open 5 to 9 p.m.

Gopuff

Instacart

Maverik – Adventure’s First Stop

Love's Travel Stops

Pilot Flying J

Rite Aid: Most locations open regular hours but most pharmacies will be closed.

Sheetz

Shipt

TravelCenters of America

Walgreens: Most locations open regular hours but most pharmacies will be closed.

Wawa

More stores: Smaller chains and local stores may also be open on Thanksgiving. Some will post special hours on social media.

Follow USA TODAY reporter Kelly Tyko on Twitter: @KellyTyko. For shopping news, tips and deals, join us on our Shopping Ninjas Facebook group.

This article originally appeared on USA TODAY: Thanksgiving stores closed: Walmart, Costco, Target, Best Buy, Macy's

Источник: https://ca.sports.yahoo.com/news/stores-closed-thanksgiving-2021-walmart-080004685.html?src=rss
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